Laylat-ul-qadr is an honorable night. Worship during this night is equivalent to worship performed for a period of one thousand months. Allah says about this night in Surah AlQadr Ayah 1-3:
“Indeed, We sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Decree.And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.”
Ibn Abbas narrated that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said,
Look for the Night of Qadr in the Last ten nights of Ramadan,’on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the Last Ten Nights of Ramadan (i.e 21,23,25 respectively).” Sahih Bukhari Hadith# 238
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:
“Whoever stands (in Qiyam) in Laylatul-Qadr (and it is facilitated for him) out of faith and expectation of Allah’s reward, will have all of his previous sins forgiven.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
Anas bin Malik(RA) narrated that Ramadan started and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said,
This month has come to you, and in there is a night that is better than a thousand months. Whoever deprived of it is deprived of all goodness, and no one is deprived of its goodness except one who is truly deprived.”Daif (Ibn Majjah hadith# 1644)
Aishah, the mother of Believers, said that
Allah’s Apostle ﷺ would strive (to do acts of worship) during the last ten days of Ramadan more than he would at any other time.” (Muslim)
Aishah reported that with the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet ﷺ used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers. (Bukhari and Muslim)
Aisha(RA) also reported:
I asked,” O Messenger of Allah! if I realise Laylat-ul-Qadr, what should I supplicate in it,”He(saws) replied,”You should supplicate Allâhumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbul ‘afwa, fa’fu ‘annî (O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness, so forgive me).” [Tirmidhi]
Definition of Al-Qadr
1- Al-Qadr is an arabic word meaning Allah’s predestination of measurements and substance of everything and everyone, according to His Knowledge and Wisdom.It means Allah dispose off the affairs of the whole year in one night. Allah says in Surah AlQadr, ayah 4
《تنزل الملائكة والروح فیها باذن ربهم من کل امر》
The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.
2- The other meanings of AlQadr is the Night of Power. This Night is claimed better than thousand nights whoever finds it, worships in it, will be granted the reward of worship equivalent to 80 years. One of the major virtue of this Night is that AlQuran was revealed in it.
3- The third meanings of AlQadr is “constrained”. Since a vast number of angels decent from the sky the earth is constrained. These angels stay on earth the whole night till Fajr. Allah says in Surah Al-Qadr ayah 5,
《 سلام هی حتی مطلع الفجر》
“There is peace until the appearance of dawn.”
Du’a and azkar to be recited on Laylat-ul-Qadr:
May Allah showers His bounty on the mother of the believers Aishah (RA) who asked Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to teach her the special du’a of the this night, and now we know it through her efforts. We should recited this supplication a lot during the last ten nights.
(اَللَّهُمَّ اِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ ، تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي (ترمذی
“O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness, so forgive me”
On should strive hard in worship and remain busy in performing extra Nawafil, Quranic recitation, Dihkr/Tasbeeh of Allah, and Istighfaar(repentance and seeking forgiveness of Allah) during the last ten days of Ramadan.
The Reward of availing the Night of Power.
The interpretation of a Hadith Nabawi is that a person who spends the night in worship seeking Laylat-ul-Qadr and he finds it, all of his previous sins will be forgiven. Lets not forget that even in this honorable night, the affairs of anyone who cuts off the ties of kinship will be delayed until they forgive each other.
Which night is Laylat-ul-Qadr?
Allah has blessed Ummat-ul-Mulsim with His bounty and Rahmah. One of His many blessings is the Night of Qadr (Laylat-ul-Qadr). The narration of Ahaadith prove that this night does not appear on the same night every year rather it moves about, so in one year it will be one night, and in another year it will be a different night. It can be 29th one year and the next it can be 25 or 27 vice versa . Imam Bukhari (RA) explains in one of his narration that Allah’s Apostle said,”seek it is the lat ten nights.” Allah subhana’watalah says,”
《ولیال عشر 》《والشفع والوتر》
And (by) ten nights
And (by) the even(number) and the odd.
Surah Al-Fajr Ayah 2-3
There is wisdom in this rotation of night, so that Muslims might earn more reward by seeking it in last ten nights.
Indications of Laylat-ul-Qadr:
1- It was reported in Saheeh Muslim from the hadeeth of Ubayy ibn Ka’b (may Allaah be pleased with him) that
The Prophet ﷺ announced that one of its signs was that when the sun rose on the following morning, it had no (visible) rays. (Muslim, 762)
2- It was reported from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas narrated by Ibn Khuzaimah, and by al-Tayaalisi in his Musnad, with a saheeh isnaad, that
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Laylat al-Qadr is a pleasant night, neither hot nor cold, and the following day the sun rises red and weak.”(Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah, 2912; Musnad alTayaalisi)
3- It was reported by al-Tabaraani with a hasan isnaad from the hadeeth of Waathilah ibn al-Asqa’ (may Allaah be pleased with him) that
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Laylat al-Qadr is a bright night, neither hot nor cold, in which no meteors are seen.” Narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer. See Majma‘ al-Zawaa’id, 3/179; (Musnad Ahmad)
These three saheeh ahaadeeth explain the signs which indicate Laylat al-Qadr. MayAllah give us sincereity and pity to find this Night of Power.
By Sr. Shazia Nawaz (Shared with slight modifications)