CHAPTER 2: EVIDENCE ON SECOND MATTER

E-Chp2-2

For the 2nd matter that Allah is not pleased that anyone should be made a sharer in worship along with Him, neither any angel brought near, nor any Prophet sent as a messenger and evidence is given in Ayah 18 of Surah Al-Jin.

The Command to worship Allah Alone and shun Shirk:

Allah commands His servants to single Him out alone for worship and that none should be supplicated to along with Him, nor should any partners be associated with Him. As Qatadah said concerning Allah’s statement,

“Whenever the Jews and Christians used to enter their churches and synagogues, they would associate partners with Allah. Thus, Allah commanded His Prophet to tell them that they should single Him out alone for worship.”

The commentators generally have taken “masajid” to mean the places of worship. Accordingly, the ayah means: “None should he associated in the worship of Allah in the places of worship. Hadrat Hasan Basri says: The entire earth is a place of worship, and the ayah means to say: polytheism ought not to be committed anywhere on Allah’s earth,” He has reasoned out this meaning from the Holy Prophet’s Hadith

“For me the entire earth has been made a place of worship and a means of obtaining purity”

Hadrat Sa`id bin Jubair has interpreted masajid to imply the parts of the body on which one prostrates oneself, i.e. the hands, the knees, toes and forehead. According to this explanation, the verse means: These limbs have been made by Allah; no one should prostrate oneself on these before anyone other than Allah.

In other words, if a person asks other than Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) for something that only Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) is able to fulfill and believes that the one who he is asking from is the one who is the ultimate authority and is completely free in performing what he is asked to do, then this person would be considered as a polytheist.

Therefore, the word in this ayah ‘مع’ or the sentence  فلا تدعوا مع الله’ is in the meaning that, ‘we bear witness that we must not place anyone or anything along side with Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) that we consider to be the initial (and independent) source of having an affect on our lives.’


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi – Tafhim al-Qur’an – The Meaning of the Qur’an

Tafir Ibn Kathir

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

The First Matter (Part -1) , Part-2

The Second Matter (Part -1)Part -2  – Negation of Shirk
The Third Matter Alliance and Dissociation
Advertisements

CHAPTER 2: NEGATION OF SHIRK (PART 2)

Chp2-2(1)-2

In the first part, we learnt that how much Allah subhana watalah disliked that one associate others in His worship and how it nullified their deeds. Now in this part we will study that it similarly displeases Allah, the Majestic and High, if any angel or Prophet is drawn closer to His worship.

Sheikh rahimullah’s saying “….neither any angel brought near nor any Messenger  sent” : the angel brought near – this is the most excellent one from the angels that is Jibreel alaihis’salaam, and the bearer of the Throne. Similarly, the Messenger sent – such as Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, and Esa, Nooh and Ibraheem alaihis’salaam, those who were firmest in resolve. He is not pleased that anyone should be associated with Him, even if it be one of the most excellent of angels or mankind.

So how about the other people who are His righteous servants but their status is less in excellence then Prophets and angels. This is the refutation of those people who claim that they take the righteous people and beloved servants of Allah as intercessors with Allah, in order to draw them close to Him, just as the people of days of ignorance used to say:

الا لله الدين الخالص والذين اتخذوا من دونه اولياء ما نعبدهم الا ليقربونا الى الله زلفى 

Unquestionably, for Allah is the pure religion. And those who take protectors besides Him [say], “We only worship them that they may bring us nearer to Allah in position.”

دیکھو خالص عبادت خدا ہی کے لئے (زیبا ہے) اور جن لوگوں نے اس کے سوا اور دوست بنائے ہیں۔ (وہ کہتے ہیں کہ) ہم ان کو اس لئے پوجتے ہیں کہ ہم کو خدا کا مقرب بنادیں۔ 

Otherwise they believe that those whom they took, they donot create, and they do not give provision and they do not posses power over death nor life nor day of resurrection. Rather, their intention was to take them as the intermediaries with Allah, the Mighty and therefore, they directed some worship towards them to draw them closer, so they made sacrifices and vows for the graves, they supplicated for the aid and called upon the dead.

The shirk of some people nowadays goes even further than the shirk of people in the past, because they direct some acts of worship to something other than Allah, calling upon them and asking them for help even at times of distress. We ask Allah to keep us safe and sound.

When people visit the grave of someone in order to ask him, or his spirit, to recommend to Allah to grant us wishes, do they think that the dead person recognizes them, or hears them, or knows the likely results of granting their wishes? If we answer in the affirmative, then we are claiming that the dead person is given something superior to what living people have. Otherwise, on what basis would he recommend to Allah to grant us our wishes?

Furthermore, what need is there for such recommendation? Is it needed by Allah or by ourselves? Do not people realize that Allah knows everything about them? If they do their supplications to Him directly and earnestly, believing that He alone can grant their wishes then what use is the recommendation of the dead people. Can anyone claim that Allah needs such a recommendation in order to decide whom He should help?

To entertain such a thought even for the briefest of moments is a great affront to Allah. Allah tells us in Qur’an:

“….Pray to me and I will answer your prayers….” (Al-Ghafir 40:60)

When we pray to Allah to do something for us, we are actually declaring that He is our Lord and the Lord of all worlds. This declaration, when meant seriously and honestly, is sufficient to get our prayers answered. Indeed, Allah answers the prayers of those who do not believe in Him, if they turn to him in sincerity. This is because of the fact that at the moment when they pray to Him, they make a declaration of recognition of his Lordship. This being the case, what use is an intermediary?

From another point of view, those pious people are dead. Let us not forget the authentic Hadith which tell us :

“When a human being dies, all his actions come to an absolute end except in one of three ways: a continuous act of charity, a useful contribution to knowledge or a dutiful child who prays for him. “

If you examine this Hadith carefully, you realize that we are in a position to benefit the dead by praying for them, while they are in no position to benefit us. There is no question about it. When a person visits a tomb of a dead person and asks the deceased to intercede with Allah on his behalf, he is guilty of associating partners with Allah. He is making that dead person a deity, on a junior or senior level. That cannot be countenanced in any way. That is direct opposition to the teachings of the Prophet who has taught us to worship Allah alone and to purge our thoughts, concepts and practices of all traces of polytheism.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Intercession through Prophets and Auliyas

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

The Second Matter (Part -1)  – Negation of Shirk

CHAPTER 2: SECOND MATTER – NEGATION OF SHIRK (PART 1)

Chp2-2(1)

This matter is connected with the first matter that is explained earlier about obligation of worshipping of Allah and following the path of Prophet ﷺ. So whoever worships Allah subhana watalah, and also associate anyone else along with Him, then his worship will be futile or null. Because worship can only benefit when it is done with ikhlas and tawheed. As Allah, the Most High said:

ولقد اوحي اليك والى الذين من قبلك لئن اشركت ليحبطن عملك ولتكونن من الخاسرين

And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah , your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.”

اور (اے محمدﷺ) تمہاری طرف اور ان (پیغمبروں) کی طرف جو تم سے پہلے ہوچکے ہیں یہی وحی بھیجی گئی ہے۔ کہ اگر تم نے شرک کیا تو تمہارے عمل برباد ہوجائیں گے اور تم زیاں کاروں میں ہوجاؤ گے

 (Surah Zumur: 65 )

If shirk is mixed with the worship, then it will corrupts the whole ibadah. Just like the salah (prayer) is not salah without purification. In many ayaat of Quran, Allah subhana watalah commanded to worship Him alone and not associate anyone along with Him.

 لا اله الا انا فاعبدون

There is no deity except Me, so worship Me – میرے سوا کوئی معبود نہیں تو میری ہی عبادت کرو

(Surah Al-Anbiya:25)

 So whoever worship Allah and obey the messenger, then he may not associate anything in worship with Him, because this is the most evil thing, which displease Him. Those who perform salah, and witness the Prophethood of Muhammad ﷺ, but on other hand, if they supplicate at tombs and call for relief from the dead, then they should know that their worship is nullified and void. They have to abandon the worship of everything else besides Him. It is a serious matter to draw attention towards it, as the act of shirk displease Allah subhana watalah, which is destroying all the good deeds of one.

None should say: ” i take the beloved servants of Allah, the righteous people as intercessors. I do not worship idols and images, as they used to do in the time of ignorance”.  Remember that the Arab Pagans, despite their ignorance and arrogance, completely understood the meaning of Ibaadah (worship). They believed that intercession is a form of worship, and did not deny that calling upon pious people amounted to worshiping them. They would call their idols, ‘Aaliha (plural of Ilah meaning, One, who is worshiped). This is in sharp contrast of the belief of the grave-worshipers of today, who make the engraved as intercessors with Allah, and yet do not consider it to be Shirk!!


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

The Islamic concept of Tawheed

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

Prophet Muhammad’s Activities After Sunset

Verse By Verse Qur'an Study Circle

meal time

By Sheikh Abd Al-Wahhab Al-Turayri

When the call for the sunset prayer, Maghrib, was made the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam tarried little before heading for the mosque. He entered to find some of his companions already engaged in voluntary prayer. This was something he encouraged, saying:

“Offer two units of prayer before Maghrib. Offer two units of prayer before Maghrib.”

Though he repeated it twice, he made sure to add, “This is optional.”

These two extra units of prayer were offered very quickly, since the time between the call for Maghrib and the commencement of prayer is very short.

When the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam arrived, congregational prayer commenced. He always led Maghrib at the earliest part of its time. There was still a good amount of light in the sky when the prayer was over. It was bright enough that a marksman would still be able to engage in…

View original post 1,127 more words

CHAPTER 2: EVIDENCE ON FIRST MATTER

Evidence on the Matter that “Allaah created us and provided sustenance for us, and He did not leave us without a purpose rather He sent Messengers to us. So whoever obeys him will enter Paradise, and whoever rejects and disobeys him will enter the Fire, is the Saying of the Most High:
“We sent a Messenger to you, o people, as a witness in favor of you or against you on the Day of Resurrection, just as We sent a Messenger to the Pharaoh. But the Pharaoh denied and rejected
the Messenger, so We seized him with a severe punishment.”
[Soorat al Muzzammil: 15-16]
Let’s look at the details of these ayah.
إِنَّآ أَرْسَلْنَآ إِلَيْكُمْ رَسُولاً شَـهِداً عَلَيْكُمْ
Inna (We)” refers to Allah, this is a pronoun of one declaring his own greatness, because He is the most tremendous, the Perfect and the Most High.
“We sent”, likewise is showing the greatness and the meaning of  “arsalna” is We sent him and sent  revelation to him.
The word “alaiykum” addresses the disbelievers of the Quraysh, and along with them the rest of mankind because the “risalah” (messengership) of Messenger ﷺ is universal for all mankind until the Hour is established.
كَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَآ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ رَسُولاً – فَعَصَى فِرْعَوْنُ الرَّسُولَ فَأَخَذْنَـهُ أَخْذاً وَبِيلاً

 Your Messenger is like the Messenger to Fir`awn, and You know what happened to Fir`awn. He disobeyed the Messenger; so We seized him with a severe punishment. The wisdom in the sending of the messengers – to establish the proof upon the people, who refuse, deny and disbelieve and to guide whomever Allah wished to guide.

أَخْذاً وَبِيلاً

severe punishment” Ibn Abbas, said that this means `you should beware of denying this Messenger, lest you be afflicted by that which befell Fir`awn. Allah seized him with the seizing of One Mighty and Powerful.

This is as Allah says,

فَأَخَذَهُ اللَّهُ نَكَالَ الاٌّخِرَةِ وَالاٍّوْلَى

So Allah seized him with punishment for his last and first transgression. (79:25)

Therefore, you will be even more deserving of destruction and ruin if you deny your Messenger, because your Messenger is more noble and a greater than Prophet Musa, the son of `Imran.’ This has been reported from Ibn `Abbas and Mujahid.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

TAFSIR IBN-KATHIR

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction