For the 2nd matter that Allah is not pleased that anyone should be made a sharer in worship along with Him, neither any angel brought near, nor any Prophet sent as a messenger and evidence is given in Ayah 18 of Surah Al-Jin.
The Command to worship Allah Alone and shun Shirk:
Allah commands His servants to single Him out alone for worship and that none should be supplicated to along with Him, nor should any partners be associated with Him. As Qatadah said concerning Allah’s statement,
“Whenever the Jews and Christians used to enter their churches and synagogues, they would associate partners with Allah. Thus, Allah commanded His Prophet to tell them that they should single Him out alone for worship.”
The commentators generally have taken “masajid” to mean the places of worship. Accordingly, the ayah means: “None should he associated in the worship of Allah in the places of worship. Hadrat Hasan Basri says: The entire earth is a place of worship, and the ayah means to say: polytheism ought not to be committed anywhere on Allah’s earth,” He has reasoned out this meaning from the Holy Prophet’s Hadith
“For me the entire earth has been made a place of worship and a means of obtaining purity”
Hadrat Sa`id bin Jubair has interpreted masajid to imply the parts of the body on which one prostrates oneself, i.e. the hands, the knees, toes and forehead. According to this explanation, the verse means: These limbs have been made by Allah; no one should prostrate oneself on these before anyone other than Allah.
In other words, if a person asks other than Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) for something that only Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) is able to fulfill and believes that the one who he is asking from is the one who is the ultimate authority and is completely free in performing what he is asked to do, then this person would be considered as a polytheist.
Therefore, the word in this ayah ‘مع’ or the sentence ‘ فلا تدعوا مع الله’ is in the meaning that, ‘we bear witness that we must not place anyone or anything along side with Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) that we consider to be the initial (and independent) source of having an affect on our lives.’
Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah
Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah
1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:
2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK: