The third matter “whoever obeys the Messenger and singles out Allah, then it is not permissible for him to love and ally himself with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they be those most closely related to him“. This is the matter of Al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ (Alliance and Dissociation), that means to have love and alliance for the beloved servants of Allah and dissociation from His enemies. The meanings of Al-Wala and Al-Muwaalat are same, that is “love in the heart, aiding, & assisting”.
Muslims should restrict themselves to the beloved servants of Allah, who are obedient and aids each others. Allah s.w.t said in Quran, Surah Al-Imran Ayah 28:
ُلَّا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَن تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِير
Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Awliya’ (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself (ie. His Punishment), and to Allah is the final return. (Surah Al-Imran: 28)
The Ayah (verse) was revealed concerning a group of believers who had Jewish friends. Those believers were giving Muwalat (support, help, etc.) to these Jews. Some of the Sahabah(r.a.a.) said to those believers: “Keep away from those Jews and beware of their friendship for they could seduce you away from your religion and guide you astray after you have believed“. However this group of believers disobeyed the advice and remained loyal to their Jewish friends; and so Allah s.w.t revealed “Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Awliya”.
The Believer can not be an ally of Allah’s enemies and it is impossible for a person to combine the love of Allah s.w.t and the love of his enemies because this is a combination of opposites.
The legal meaning of Al-Wala‘ (love, support, help, follow, etc.) is to totally agree with the sayings, deeds and beliefs which please Allah and the persons whom He likes. Al-Bara‘(despise, desert, keep innocent of, etc.) is the complete opposite of Al-Wala’ and it is to disagree with everything that Allah hates and condemns. Hence, there are four issues related to the belief in Al-Wala’u wa Al-Bara‘, those being: the sayings, the deeds, the beliefs and the individual persons. Some of the things that pleases Allah (s.w.t.) are the saying of Dhikr, the deed of Jihad, the belief in His Oneness and the love of the believing person. Backbiting, fornication, Shirk and disbelief are some of the things that are hated by Allah s.w.t and must also be hated by the Believer. t is the most powerful tie or relationship that links between people. Allah s.w.t has given it the precedence and priority over all types of ties by Asserting:
قُلْ إِنْ كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَتُكُمْ وَأَمْوَالٌ اقْتَرَفْتُمُوهَا وَتِجَارَةٌ تَخْشَوْنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَاكِنُ تَرْضَوْنَهَا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَجِهَادٍ فِي سَبِيلِهِ فَتَرَبَّصُوا حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَ اللَّهُ بِأَمْرِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ
Say, [O Muhammad], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.” (Surah Tauba: 24)
So, if your close relative oppose Allah and His Messenger, then it is obligatory upon you to cut off from him, and whoever is an obedient servant to Allah, the Most High, and ally to his Messenger, then it is obligatory upon you to have alliance with him, even he be far removed from you in the lineage, whether he is non-arab, a white man or a red person. It is an integral part of Iman and is necessary for its perfection.
Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah
Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah
1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:
2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK: