The chapter 3 continues with the saying of Sheikh Rahimullah:
وبِذللکَ اٴمرَاللہُ جمیعَ الناسِ وَخلَقَھُم لَھا
“This is what Allah commanded all of the people with, and it was for this He created them”.
This is what Allah commanded refers to his saying, “that you worship Allah making the religion purely and sincerely for Him”. This is what Allah commanded all of creation with and it was for this He created them, and whole mankind, from the time of Adam until the last of mankind in the world. And worship Him alone without associating any partner, He the one free from all imperfections.
Allah Only created Mankind and Jinns to worship Him Alone:
Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, made clear in His Book that mankind and jinns were only created for this. Allah, the Most high, says in Surah Ad-dhariyat ayah 56,
وما خلقت الجن والانس الا ليعبدون
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.”
“اور میں نے جنوں اور انسانوں کو اس لئے پیدا کیا ہے کہ میری عبادت کریں”
meaning, `I, Allah, only created them so that I order them to worship Me, not that I need them.’
`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah,
(…except that they should worship Me.) meaning, “So that they worship Me, willingly or unwillingly.’
Allah the Exalted, the Blessed created the creatures so that they worship Him Alone without partners. Those who obey Him will be rewarded with the best rewards, while those who disobey Him will receive the worst punishment from Him. Allah stated that He does not need creatures, but rather, they are in need of Him in all conditions. He is alone their Creator and Provider.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
Allah the Exalted said, “O Son of Adam! Busy yourself in worshipping Me, and I will fill your chest with riches and dissipate your meekness. Otherwise, I will fill your chest with distracting affairs and will not do away with your meekness.”
(At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith and At-Tirmidhi said, Hasan Gharib.)
The Jinns are the species of beings from the realms of the hideen and unseen, we do not see them and they have duty to worship. They are also forbidden from commiting shirk and sin, just like the descendants of Adam. However, they are different from mankind in their created form.
Ibadah with Tawheed:
Saying of Rahimullah,
وَ معنی یعبدُونِ : یُوَحِّدونِ
and the meaning of worship (‘ibaadah) here is to single Allaah out with all worship (tawheed)
Meaning that tawheed is from the meaning of ‘ibaadah (i.e. true worship, which is to make worship of it purely for Allah). So, Tawheed can be explained to mean worship and worship can be explained to mean Tawheed. The meaning of worship (ibaadah) has already preceded, and also what it applies to, and that it is more general than tawheed itself. You should know that Ibaadah is of two types:
1. The servitude of the creation (Ibaadah Kawniyyah), which is submission to what Allaah has commanded and decreed in the creation, and this is the submission that is common to all of the creation, none of them being able to escape it. Allah, the Most High, says in Surah Maryam ayah 93,
ان كل من في السماوات والارض الا اتي الرحمن عبدا
There is no one in the heavens and earth but that he comes to the Most Merciful as a servant.
-“تمام شخص جو آسمانوں اور زمین میں ہیں سب خدا کے روبرو بندے ہو کر آئیں گے”
2. This servitude covers the Believers and the unbelievers, the righteous and the wicked. Worship and servitude as prescribed by the Sharee’ah, and that is to obey and submit to the laws and commands of Allah, the Most High, and this is particular to those who are obedient to Allah, and who comply with that which the Messengers came with. Allah, the Most High, says in Surah Furqan ayah 63:
وعباد الرحمن الذين يمشون على الارض هونا واذا خاطبهم الجاهلون قالوا سلاما
And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace,
اور خدا کے بندے تو وہ ہیں جو زمین پر آہستگی سے چلتے ہیں اور جب جاہل لوگ ان سے (جاہلانہ) گفتگو کرتے ہیں تو سلام کہتے ہیں
The first type of servitude is not something for which a servant is commended, since it is not due to any action of his own; however he may be commended for giving thanks in times of ease, and for having patience in times of trial; as opposed to the second type of servitude for which a person is commended.
یعنی اللہ کو ایک ماننا۔ ہر وہ کام جو اللہ کی رضا کیلئے کیا جائے، چاہے قول یا فعل عبادت ہے۔ توحیدِ ربویت، توحیدِ الوہیت، توحیدِ اسماء و صفات توحید میں شامل ہیں مگرہاں توحیدِ الوہیت کا خصوصی پیرائے میں ذِکر کیا گیا ہے۔ عبادت ہراُس چیز کا نام یے جو اللہ پسند فرماتا ہے۔باطنی اعمال و اقوال میں سے ساری فرنبرداری و اِنکساری اللہ کیلئے ہو۔ حکم ملتے ہی سر جھکانے کا نام اطاعت ہے۔
Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah
Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah
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The Third Matter – Alliance and the Disociation
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