Time is Fleeting

Thoughtful article…..

Verse By Verse Qur'an Study Circle

What do you when a year comes to an end? Do you sit back and reflect on the year gone by, pondering over your achievements and failures, or are you too excited for the next year that you can’t delve over the past? This is the most common behavior at the start of a new year. While some people love to reflect on their days gone by others could not care less. There is, however, some goodness in both the attitudes. Reflecting on your past allows learning from your mistakes and getting a better grip over your life. Looking forward, on the other hand, enables you to let go of your past and not get stuck in there which is a constant battle for some people.

The fact remains that the time is fleeting. It is ephemeral and will keep on passing until you reach the last day of your…

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CHAPTER 4 – THREE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

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Sheikh rahimullah has explained the three fundamental principles in general terms in previous chapters, but now explaining one by one in more detail with their evidences from Qur’an and Sunnah and from the signs in Allah’s creation. It is likewise obligatory to base creed and belief upon proofs from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah, from the signs within creation so that it firmly grounded and established in the heart to remove all doubts.

As for creed and belief based on incorrect suspicions, upon doubts, blind following and sayings of people, are short lived and they are totally open to be refuted.

Shaikh’s saying “So if it said to you” meaning: If you are asked about your LORD, and indeed it will be asked in world and hereafter, so it is essential that you have knowledge of your Lord, the Mighty and Majestic and that you respond with the correct response based upon certainty and clear proof.

These questions are one of the trials of the grave, because the grave is the first of the stages of the Hereafter. When the son of Adam dies and his soul departs and he is placed in his graver. The two angels who are charged with questioning come to him and ask him what he used to believe in in this world, who was his Lord, what was his religion and who was his Prophet.

If he gives a good answer, that is good, but if he does not answer them they inflict a severe and painful beating on him.  If he was one of the righteous, angels with white faces come to him, but if he was one of the evildoers, angels with dark faces come to him. This is the fitnah or tribulation that he suffers.  Ibn Hajar said:

The phrase “from the tribulation of the grave” means the questioning of the two angels.

(Fath al-Baari, 11/177)

And al-Mubaarakfoori said:

The tribulation of the grave” means confusion when answering the two angels. 

(Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 9/328)

With regard to the questions that the angels will ask in the grave, this is explained clearly in the following hadeeth:

It was narrated that al-Bara’ (may Allah be pleased with him) said: We went out with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ for the funeral of a man from among the Ansaar. We came to the grave and when (the deceased) was placed in the lahd (grave), the Messenger of Allah ﷺ sat down and we sat around him, as if there were birds on our heads (i.e., quiet and still). In his hand he had a stick with which he was scratching the ground. Then he raised his head and said, “Seek refuge with Allah from the torment of the grave”, two or three times. Then he said,

“When the believing slave is about to depart this world and enter the Hereafter, there come down to him from heaven angels with white faces like the sun, and they sit around him as far as the eye can see. They bring with them shrouds from Paradise and perfumes from Paradise. Then the Angel of Death comes and sits by his head, and he says, ‘O good soul, come forth to forgiveness from Allah and His pleasure.’ Then it comes out easily like a drop of water from the mouth of a water skin. When he seizes it, they do not leave it in his hand for an instant before they take it and put it in that shroud with that perfume, and there comes from it a fragrance like the finest musk on the face of the earth. Then they ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they say, ‘Who is this good soul?’ and they say, ‘It is So and so the son of So and so, calling him by the best names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is opened, and (the soul) is welcomed and accompanied to the next heaven by those who are closest to Allah, until they reach the seventh heaven. Then Allah says: ‘Record the book of My slave in ‘Illiyoon in the seventh heaven, and return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’ So his soul is returned to his body and there come to him two angels who make him sit up and they say to him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He says, ‘Allah.’ They say, ‘What is your religion?’ He says, ‘My religion is Islam.’ They say, ‘Who is this man who was sent among you?’ He says, ‘He is the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).’ They say, ‘What did you do?’ He says, ‘I read the Book of Allah and I believed in it.’ Then a voice calls out from heaven, ‘My slave has spoken the truth, so prepare for him a bed from Paradise and clothe him from Paradise, and open for him a gate to Paradise.’ Then there comes to him some of its fragrance, and his grave is made wide, as far as he can see. Then there comes to him a man with a handsome face and handsome clothes, and a good fragrance, who says, ‘Receive the glad tidings that will bring you joy this day.’ He says, ‘Who are you? Your face is a face which brings glad tidings.’ He says, ‘I am your righteous deeds.’ He says, ‘O Lord, hasten the Hour so that I may return to my family and my wealth.’

But when the disbelieving slave is about to depart this world and enter the Hereafter, there come down to him from heaven angels with black faces, bringing sackcloth, and they sit around him as far as the eye can see. Then the Angel of Death comes and sits by his head, and he says, ‘O evil soul, come forth to the wrath of Allah and His anger.’ Then his soul disperses inside his body, then comes out cutting the veins and nerves, like a skewer passing through wet wool. When he seizes it, they do not leave it in his hand for an instant before they take it and put it in that sackcloth, and there comes from it a stench like the foulest stench of a dead body on the face of the earth. Then they ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they say, ‘Who is this evil soul?’ and they say, ‘It is So and so the son of So and so, calling him by the worst names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is not opened.” Then the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) recited (interpretation of the meaning):

“…. for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle ….”  (Al-A’raaf 7:40) 

He said: “Then Allah says, ‘Record the book of My slave in Sijjeen in the lowest earth, and return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’ So his soul is cast down.”  Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ recited the verse (interpretation of the meaning):

“…. and whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place”  (Al-Hajj 22:31) 

He said: “Then his soul is returned to his body, and there come to him two angels who make him sit up and they say to him,

Who is your Lord?’ He says, ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’ They say, ‘What is your religion?’ He says, ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’ Then a voice calls out from heaven, ‘Prepare for him a bed from Hell and clothe him from Hell, and open for him a gate to Hell.’ Then there comes to him some of its heat and hot winds, and his grave is constricted and compresses him until his ribs interlock. Then there comes to him a man with an ugly face and ugly clothes, and a foul stench, who says, ‘Receive the bad news, this is the day that you were promised.’ He says, ‘Who are you? Your face is a face which forebodes evil.’ He says, ‘I am your evil deeds.’ He says, ‘O Lord, do not let the Hour come, do not let the Hour come.’”

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4753; Ahmad, 18063 – this version was narrated by him. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1676. 

The correct view is that the two angels will only question the deceased in his grave about matters of Tawheed (monotheism) and ‘aqeedah (belief). This is quite clear. [1]

And Allah knows best.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

[1] Excerpted, with some modifications, from: http://islamqa.com/en/

ALHUDA TAUGHT ME

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ALHUDA  taught me a lot. It’s a big list that I learnt in short time. Today, i like to share with my readers so that they would get chance to be a part of this journey.

My journey started with the change in my sister’s attitude, she was regular student of Alhuda . As a family I had a close look how her behavior was changing, and that was positive attitude and confidence. It gave me curiosity to find out what she is learning. And what i found was the connection with Quran and Sunnah.

As I joined alhuda in later years, the beauty of Quran mesmerized me and beautiful way of teaching of Ustadza Farhat Hashmi was the plus. She played a role of a mother; one can feel sincerity and passion in her words.

Let’s discuss what are the keypoints that makes Alhuda students competent, confident and more tolerant, keep in mind the one who understand the message of Quran and the words of Prophet ﷺ could attain these qualities:

Be Open Hearted for the Message of Islam:

Its not easy to completely submit when you are just a born muslim, but iit’sa gradual process, when I learnt the ayah

 ” سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا

We hear and we Obey

  (Surah Al-Baqarah: 285)

I was shocked and felt that now its time to look at myself, am I the obedient believer, who obey whatever Allah has commanded? If one doesn’t take the message with the intention to act accordingly then what’s the point to read?

Be Productive:

Another thing that Alhuda emphasized, is to be a productive part of society. Use your knowledge, skills and talent in creative way, and play beneficial role for family, community and society.

Be Knowledgeable:

More I learn more I feel importance of true knowledge; our teachers are well qualified in their respective subjects. And feel pride to be a student. A person without knowledge is like someone walking along a track in complete darkness. Most likely his steps will wander aside and he easily can be deceived by shaytaan. This shows that our greatest danger lies in our ignorance of Islamic teachings and in our unawareness of what the Quran teaches and what guidance has been given by the Prophet ﷺ and Alhuda is a platform, where we find an opportunity to learn.

Be a Role Model:

To become a role model for your family, children and society, one need to have a strong role model for herself too. And as a muslim woman, we don’t need to look outside, our role models should be Khadijah R.A, Aisha R.A, Hajar A.S, Maryam A.S, Aasia A.S, Umm Sulaym R.A, Asmaa bint Abu Bakr R.A and so on. Thanks to Alhuda, for providing awareness about wonderful personalities of Islam.

Be Tolerant and Patient:

Allah has made patience like a horse that never gets tired, an army that can never be defeated and a strong fortress that can never be breached. Patience and victory are twin brothers, for victory comes with patience. Allah says:  

“Except those who show patience and do righteous good deeds: those, theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward (Paradise)” (Hood 11:11) 

So can a believer be violent and tolerant at same time? Can a student of Quran could be distressed when one knows the reward are for those who shows patience and gratitude.

Be the one who rush in good works:

Allah swt has defined the believers and their qualities as:

يؤمنون بالله واليوم الاخر ويامرون بالمعروف وينهون عن المنكر ويسارعون في الخيرات واولئك من الصالحين

 They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and they enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and hasten to good deeds. And those are among the righteous. (Surah Al-Imran: 114)

This ayah explains the whole purpose of a true believer. Similarly as a student of Alhuda, we like to compete with each other to be Sabiqoon Awaloon in doing good works because as soon as we think about the Sabiqoon, we are reminded of Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen Abu Bakr AlSiddiq رضي الله عنه‘s life and how he was always the leader in doing good deeds amongst the Sahabah R.A.

Be gentle in your speech and attitude:

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) said:

“Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness, and He grants reward for it that He does not grant for harshness.”(Sunan Ibn Majah 3688 In-book reference : Book 33, Hadith 32)

Alhuda gives stress to be calm and polite in your speech and selection of words, never have pride in front of others who are less in knowledge, always be a well wisher for everyone and be like a candle, who spread light by burning itself.

I have summarized the important character building points in this article, to pay my gratitude to my institute and teachers. A very quite sad thing about is that teachers does not get the recognition it really deserves. However, they take up source of teaching with humility and accept the support with gratitude. But the most important thing is that teachers are the main pillars of the society. They carry the weight and hold the full responsibility of profession. And aside from parents, are the principal foundation of knowledge, inspiration and greater value for the humankind. that is teaching  the most timeless profession of all time.

May Allah swt bless our teachers with the best rewards in life and hereafter and include us among His true believers and beloved ones, and enlighten our life and akhirah with beneficial knowledge of deen, and  ameen.


Written by Admin – Student of Alhuda International Institute of Education

TOLERANCE (RAWADARI)

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Tolerance means “to bear“. As a concept, it refers to respect, acceptance and appreciation of the rich diversity of cultures, forms of expression and ways of being human. In Arabic, it is called tasamuh. Words like hilm (forbearance) or ‘afw (forgiveness) or saf-h (overlooking) also convey the meaning of tolerance. In Persian and Urdu, we use the word rawadari which is derived from rawa meaning acceptable or bearable and dashtan meaning “to hold”. Thus, it means to hold something acceptable or bearable [1].

When we walk , to take each step our each foot compete with Friction on earth , ( opposition) pushes it back and then next step can be Taken. Rawadari is keep moving beside all frictions and opposition with being consistent on positive behaviour or good character, having soft corner for others in Heart. Rawadari is adopting patience in response to unfavourable situations. [2]

Islam teaches tolerance at all levels: between family members, between husband and wife, between parent and child, between groups and nations. The Qur’an says,

“O Mankind! We have created you male and female, and have made you nations and tribes so that you might [affectionately] come to know one another. Surely, the most honoured among you, in the sight of Allah, is the one who is the best in conduct.”

(Surah Al-Hujrat :13)

The best conduct in Islam is to treat human beings with dignity, equality, fraternity and justice. Muslims have been generally very tolerant people. We must emphasize this virtue among us and in the world today.

Islam emphasizes the establishment of equality and justice, both of these values cannot be established without some degree of tolerance. Islam recognized from the very beginning the principle of freedom of belief or freedom of religion. It said very clearly that it is not allowed to have any coercion in the matters of faith and belief. In Surah Ash-Shura, Allah says to the Prophetﷺ,

“If then they turn away, We have not sent you as a guard over them. Your duty is but to convey (the Message)” (Ash-Shura: 48)

In another place Allah says,

“Invite (all) to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious. Your Lord knows best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.” (An-Nahl:125)

Thus tolerance is the need of the hour today as it was yesterday. We must emphasise the need for this virtue among us and in the world. We must foster tolerance through deliberate policies and efforts. Our focus should be multiethnic. We should teach our children respect of each other irrespective of caste, creed, gender, nationality and ethnicity. Tolerance is the cordial knot which binds the family, society and keep the nation intact. Disrespect gives rise to persons like Vibhishan who may change the course of a nation. We should inculcate in our children the quality of tolerance, forbearance, and forgiveness because the family is the first school of citizenship. Society cannot be governed by law alone. Law has a relation with society. It suffers if society is rigid and intolerant.

And a good news and reward for the one who will be tolerant and peaceful in his attitude: [2]
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Compilation of article is done by Admin

[1] Extracted from the article “The concept of tolerance in Islam
[2] Written by Sr. Khalida Waheed
Other sources:
Hadith Image is designed by Sr. Khalida Waheed

A screaming comes across the sky

Words To The Heart

A screaming comes across the sky
A screaming comes and I don’t know why

Is there a direction I should follow
or it’s just the sky that is turning yellow

A screaming comes across the sky
is there another person who would say goodbye

I’m only trying to live my dreams
trying to fill the world with warm breeze

Trying to let the flowers blossom
lifting people from down the bottom

A screaming comes across the sky
a screaming comes and I still don’t know why

Maybe one day we will all know
when our hearts and souls begin to grow

When all the truth begins to reveal
and showing things that are real

A screaming comes across the sky
now I’m understanding why

It’s a wake-up call for everyone
to open their eyes to things beyond

To live a meaningful life
to love everyone alive

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FROM NICHE TO RIBCAGE – AYAH OF RADIANCE

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Ayat ul Nur is in the middle of all the social laws in the surah because unless the eeman is there , these laws do not mean anything. People will not value them. Let’s break down the ayah for clear understanding:

1- Allahu nooru alssamawati waal-ardi

﴿اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ﴾

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.

اللہ آسمانوں اور زمین کا نور ہے۔

It means by His Light the heavens and earth are illuminated. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “When the Messenger of Allah got up to pray at night, he would say:

“O Allah, to You be praise, You are the Sustainer of heaven and earth and whoever is in them. To You be praise, You are the Light of the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them”.

This means that Allah is the means by which the heavens and the earth can be seen for what they really are. Light is the means by which you can see. Without Allah, you will still see the skies and the earth but not what they actually are.
Without light, you can’t see things for what they truly are. That is the bottom line of this ayah. When you have the faith of Allah in your heart, then you can understand the universe and the things around you for what it really is.

  اللہ تعالٰی زمین و آسمان کو روشن کرنے والا ہے۔ جو بھی ہم دیکھتے ہیں، وہ اللہ کی طرف سے دی گئی رہنمائی ہوتی ہے۔ وہ خالق ، مالک و ھادی ہے۔  نور بمعنی منور روشن کرنے والا، اللہ کا حجاب نور ہے۔ نور کو دو اِقسام میں میں تقسیم کریں، بمعنی مخلوق اور بمعنی غیر مخلوق۔  نور بمعنی غیر مخلوق اللہ سبحانہ وتعالٰی کی ذات ہے۔ جبکہ نوربمعنی مخلوق دو طرح کا ہے، حسی اور معنوی۔ 

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2. Mathalu Noorihi Kamishkatin feeha Misbahun:

﴿مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ﴾

The parable (example) of His Light is as a niche

 اس کے نور کی مثال ایسی ہے کہ گویا ایک طاق ہے

There are two views concerning the meaning of the pronoun (His). The first is that it refers to Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, meaning that the parable of His guidance in the heart of the believer is as a niche. This was the view of Ibn `Abbas.

The second view is that the pronoun refers to the believer, which is indicated by the context of the words and implies that the parable of the light in the heart of the believer is as a niche. So the heart of the believer and what he is naturally inclined to of guidance and what he learns of the Qur’an which is in accordance with his natural inclinations.

فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ

and within it a lamp.

جس میں چراغ ہے۔

The example is made a distant close hence the it is described as something like a niche because the light of Allah can not be fathomed, Allah gives us an distant example to help us understand something of it. This is just to give us an idea, what humans can handle.
Now let us talk about this niche,In old homes, they used to have an Indent on the wall shaped like an arch, this was the place where they would put a lamp. It was shaped like that so that the light would hit it and reflect to the entire room
Misbah comes from subr which means morning. It literally means a tool to make it seem like morning. Ubayy bin Ka`b said, “The lamp is the light, and this refers to the Qur’an and the faith that is in his heart.” 

اللہ کے نور کی مثال اِیسی ہے جیسے فرض کروطاق میں اِیک چراغ رکھا ہو۔ یعنی  یہ مثال اُس مومن کی ہے جسکے دِل میں اللہ نے اِیمان اور قران کس نورِ ہدایت رکھا ہو۔ پہلے اللہ نے اپنے نور کا ذِکر فرمایا پھر قلبِ مومن کے نور کا ذکر فرمایا۔ حاصل اِس مثال کا یہ ہے کہ مومن کا سینہ اِیک طاق کی مانند ہے، اُسمیں اُسکا دِل اِیک قندیل کی طرح ہے۔

3. ٓAlmisbahu fee Zujajatin alzzujajatu kaannaha Kawkabun durriyyun:

الْمِصْبَاحُ فِى زُجَاجَةٍ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّىٌّ

the lamp is in a glass, the glass as if it were a pearly (white) star

اور چراغ ایک قندیل میں ہے۔  اور قندیل (ایسی صاف شفاف ہے کہ) گویا موتی کا سا چمکتا ہوا تارہ ہے

It means light is shining in a clear glass. Ubayy bin Ka`b and others said, “This is the likeness of the heart of the believer.”  The reflection of a glass that is so sparkling and clean that it has a star-like effect to it when you look at it. The twinkle effect of a glass. Hmm! So the lamp itself, flameless, is almost lighting up on its own. It’s pearly white, clean, pure.

قندیل کا شیشہ روشنی بڑھانے کیلئے بھی ہوتا ہے اور شیشہ ہوا کو بھی چراغ کی لُو بُجھانے سے روکتا ہے۔ سورج چاند کی مثال نہیں دی گئی بلکہ کہا گیا کہ یہ روشن چمکدار ستارہ ہے، کیونکہ سورج چاند کو تو گرھن لگ جاتا ہے۔ یہ سِتارہ اندھیرے دور کرتا ہے۔ حاصل اِس مثال کا یہ ہے کہ مومن کا سینہ اِیک طاق کی مانند ہے، اُسمیں اُسکا دِل اِیک  قندیل کی طرح ہے۔ دِل اگر روشن ہو تو اِنسان یِس دُنیا میں اپنی حیثیت پہچان سکتا ہے۔

4. Yooqadu min Shajaratin Mubarakatin Zaytoonatin:

يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ 

lit from (oil of) a blessed Olive tree

اِس میں ایک مبارک درخت کا تیل جلایا جاتا ہے (یعنی) زیتون

The lamp is lit from the oil of a blessed tree that is Olive. One of the things which facilitate brightening is the quality of oil that comes from best tree.

مبارک کا مطلب الخیرُالکثیر الثابت ۔ یعنی زیتون نہایت فائدہ مند درخت ہے، جسکے پھل سے بھی تیل نکلتا ہے اور درخت سے بھی۔

5. la Sharqiyyatin wala Gharbiyyatin:

لاَّ شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلاَ غَرْبِيَّةٍ

neither of the east nor of the west

کہ نہ مشرق کی طرف ہے نہ مغرب کی طرف۔

It means, Olive tree is not in the eastern part of the land so that it does not get any sun in the first part of the day, nor is it in the western part of the land so that it is shaded from the sun before sunset, but it is in a central position where it gets sun from the beginning of the day until the end, so its oil is good and pure and shining. This is the best kind of oil. When the sun rises it reaches the tree from the east and when it sets it reaches it from the west, so the sun reaches it morning and evening, so it is not counted as being in the east or in the west.

زیتون کا درخت نہ مشرقی رُخ پر ہے اور نہ مغرِبی رُخ پر۔ بلکہ اِیسے کُھلے میدان میں ہے جہاں تمام دِن دھوپ رہتی ہے۔ اہسے درخت کا روغن (تیل) بہت لطیف اور صاف ہوتا ہے۔

6. Yakadu Zaytuha Yudee-o walaw lam tamsas-hu Narun:

يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِىءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ

whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it

ایسا معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ) اس کا تیل خواہ آگ اسے نہ بھی چھوئے جلنے کو تیار ہے) 

Ever seen gasoline light up??, Allah describes the oil as one that runs after the flame, highly flammable kind of Oil. Fire has not touched it yet and it is still about to light up. Even if you didn’t put the light in, it has a shine itself, then the light comes and it lights up immediately. It doesn’t take it anytime. It also means the oil itself is shining.

 زیتون کا تیل خود بھی روشن اور چمکدار ہے، آگ  کےچھونےسے مزید روشنی ہو جاتی ہے اور اگر آگ نہ چھوئے تو بھی ایسا معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ خود بخود سُلگ اُٹھے گا۔

7. Noorun AAala Noorin:

نُّورٌ عَلَى نُورٍ

Light upon Light

نور پر نور ہے

Light of the fire and the light of the oil: when they are combined they give light, and neither of them can give light without the other.

۔جب تیل کو آگ نے چھو لیا تو نور ہی نور ہو گیا یعنی اِیک تو اِسمیں خود قابلیت نور کی پھر اُوپر سے فاعل یعنی آگ کیساتھ اِجتماع ہو گیا تو اِسقدر تیز روشنی ہو گی جیسے بہت سی روشنیاں جمع ہو گئی ہوں، اِسکو نورٌ عَلَى نُورٍ فرمایا۔

8-  yahdee Allahu linoorihi man yashao:

يَهْدِى اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَآءُ

Allah guides to His Light whom He wills.

اللہ نور سے جس کو چاہتا ہے سیدھی راہ دکھاتا ہے۔

It means, Allah shows the way to the ones whom He chooses, as it says in the Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Amr, who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say:

“Allah created His creation in darkness, then on the same day He sent His Light upon them. Whoever was touched by His Light on that day will be guided and whoever was missed will be led astray. Hence I say: the pens have dried in accordance with the knowledge of Allah, may He be glorified.”

اللہ تعالٰی نے ہر فطرتِ اِنسانی میں ہدایت رکگی ہے، جسکی جتنی طلب اُسکو اُتنی سمجھ اِلہام کر دی جاتی ہے۔

9- wayadribu Allahu alamthala lilnnasi waAllahu bikulli shayin AAaleemun:

وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الاٌّمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلَيِمٌ

And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.

اور اللہ  نے (جو مثالیں) بیان فرماتا ہے (تو) لوگوں کے (سمجھانے کے) لئے اور اللہ ہر چیز سے واقف ہے

Having mentioned this parable of the Light of His guidance in the heart of the believer, Allah ends this Ayah with the above words and He knows best who deserves to be guided and who deserves to be led astray. May Allah swt keep us in the people of guidance who remain under His mercy and love always ameen Ya Rabul alameen.

مثال  یعنی معقول کو محسوس سے سمجھنا۔ جو نظر نہ آے اُسکو مثال سے سمجھانا۔ اللہ سبحانہ و تعالٰی نے قرآن میں بہت سی مثالین بیان کی ہیں۔ اِس سے لوگوں کی ہدایت مقصود ہے اور اللہ ہر شے کو خوب جاننے والا ہے۔

The explanation of example would come in the next post Insha’Allah.


English Urdu Compilation by Admin

Related Sources:

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Maarif Ul Quran By Mufti Muhammad Shafi Rahimullah

Tafseer Lectures By Dr. Farhat Hashmi

Islam for Muslims – Nairaland

 

THIRD CHAPTER – IBADAH WITH TAWHEED (Part 2)

 

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The Greatest Matter Commanded by Allah is Tawheed:

In this Sheikh Rahimullah explains that the greatest of all Allah has commanded is Tawheed, and it is a serious matter of all, because everything that is commanded by Him comes after wards. Allah orders that He be worshipped Alone without partners, because He Alone is the Creator and Sustainer Who sends His favors and bounties on His creation in all situations and instances. Therefore He deserves to be singled out, without associating anything or anyone from His creation with Him in worship.

The proof is His Saying, the Most High, in Surah An-Nisa ayah 36:

واعبدوا الله ولا تشركوا به شيئا

Worship Allah alone, making all worship purely for Him, and do not associate anything in worship along with Him.”  

.اور خدا ہی کی عبادت کرو اور اس کے ساتھ کسی چیز کو شریک نہ بناؤ

Because worship will not be correct along with shirk and it will not benefit and will not be considered as worship, unless purely and sincerely done only for Allah, the Almighty.

The Most serious thing which Allah forbade is Shirk:

This is tremendous point of benefit because some people think there are other things which are considered as worst crime and forbidden by Allah like Riba, forcination, corruption of behaviour and manners. However, they do not give importance to the matter of shirk and do not warn against it.

تَعَالَوْاْ أَتْلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ أَلاَّ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئاً  

Say, “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him

کہہ کہ (لوگو) آؤ میں تمہیں وہ چیزیں پڑھ کر سناؤں جو تمہارے پروردگار نے تم پر حرام کر دی ہیں (ان کی نسبت اس نے اس طرح ارشاد فرمایا ہے) کہ کسی چیز کو خدا کا شریک نہ بنانا

[Surah An’am : 151]

“I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from” meaning, I will inform you about what your Lord has forbidden for you in truth, not guessing or wishful thinking. Rather, it is revelation and an order from Him. There are many other proves in Quran regarding Shirk as a greatest sin and Allah will not forgive that person. Every sin is less than it and and what is obligatory is to begin with what is most important, then what is next in importance.

EXCELLENCE OF SALAH

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نمازی اور شہید

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رُمْحٍ، أَنْبَأَنَا اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ الْهَادِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التَّيْمِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ، مِنْ بَلِيٍّ قَدِمَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَكَانَ إِسْلاَمُهُمَا جَمِيعًا فَكَانَ أَحَدُهُمَا أَشَدَّ اجْتِهَادًا مِنَ الآخَرِ فَغَزَا الْمُجْتَهِدُ مِنْهُمَا فَاسْتُشْهِدَ ثُمَّ مَكَثَ الآخَرُ بَعْدَهُ سَنَةً ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ ‏.‏ قَالَ طَلْحَةُ فَرَأَيْتُ فِي الْمَنَامِ بَيْنَا أَنَا عِنْدَ بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ إِذَا أَنَا بِهِمَا فَخَرَجَ خَارِجٌ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَأَذِنَ لِلَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ الآخِرَ مِنْهُمَا ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَأَذِنَ لِلَّذِي اسْتُشْهِدَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ ارْجِعْ فَإِنَّكَ لَمْ يَأْنِ لَكَ بَعْدُ ‏.‏ فَأَصْبَحَ طَلْحَةُ يُحَدِّثُ بِهِ النَّاسَ فَعَجِبُوا لِذَلِكَ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثُوهُ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ مِنْ أَىِّ ذَلِكَ تَعْجَبُونَ ‏”‏ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَذَا كَانَ أَشَدَّ الرَّجُلَيْنِ اجْتِهَادًا ثُمَّ اسْتُشْهِدَ وَدَخَلَ هَذَا الآخِرُ الْجَنَّةَ قَبْلَهُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏”‏ أَلَيْسَ قَدْ مَكَثَ هَذَا بَعْدَهُ سَنَةً ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا بَلَى ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَأَدْرَكَ رَمَضَانَ فَصَامَهُ وَصَلَّى كَذَا وَكَذَا مِنْ سَجْدَةٍ فِي السَّنَةِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا بَلَى قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏”‏ فَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا أَبْعَدُ مِمَّا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ ‏”‏

سیدنا ابوہرہرہ رضی اللہ عنہ روایت کرتے ہیں کہ ایک قبیلے کے دو شخص ایک ساتھ مسلمان ہوئے، ان میں سے ایک جہاد فی سبیل اللہ میں شہید ہوگئے اور دوسرے صاحب ایک سال کے بعد فوت ہوئے۔ سیدنا طلحہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے خواب میں دیکھا کہ وہ صاحب جن کا ایک سال بعد انتقال ہوا، اس شہید سے پہلے جنت میں داخل ہوگئے۔ سیدنا طلحہ رضی اللہ عنہ کہتے ہیں: مجھے بڑا تعجب ہوا( کہ شہید کا رتبہ تو بہت بلند ہے، اس لیے جنت میں اسے پہلے داخل ہونا چاہیے تھا۔) میں نے صبح کے وقت خود ہی رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم سے اس ( تقدیم و تاخیر) کی وجہ پوچھی تو آپ نے فرمایا:
“جس شخص کا بعد میں انتقال ہوا ( کیا تم اس کی نیکیاں نہیں دیکھتے، کس قدر زیادہ ہوگئیں؟) کیا اس نے رمضان کے روزے نہیں رکھے؟ اور سال بھر کی (فرض نمازوں کی) چھ ہزار یا اتنی اتنی رکعتیں زیادہ نہیں پڑھیں؟”
[حسن] مسند احمد:333/2 ، وسندہ حسن، اسے حافظ منذری نے الترغیب والترھیب:244/1 میں حسن کہا ہے۔]

فائدہ: یہ دونوں صحابی مہاجرین میں سے تھے اور دونوں نے اکٹھی ہجرت کی تھی۔ جہاد وغیرہ تمام اعمالِ صالحہ میں یہ دونوں شریک و یکساں تھے۔ ان میں سے ایک میدانِ جہاد میں شہید ہوگیا اور دوسرا جہاد کی تیاری میں مصروف و مرابط رہا اور ساتھ ساتھ اعمالِ صالحہ بھی کرتا رہا۔ چونکہ حدیث میں آیا ہے کہ مرابط کا اجروعمل جاری رہتا ہے، لہذا یہ اپنے اس بھائی سے بڑھ گیا جو پہلے شہید ہوگیا تھا۔

It was narrated from Talhah bin ‘Ubaidullah that two men from Bali came to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). They had become Muslim together, but one of them used to strive harder than the other. The one who used to strive harder went out to fight and was martyred. The other one stayed for a year longer, then he passed away. Talhah said:

“I saw in a dream that I was at the gate of Paradise and I saw them (those two men). Someone came out of Paradise and admitted the one who had died last, then he came out and admitted the one who had been martyred. Then he came back to me and said: ‘Go back, for your time has not yet come.’” The next morning, Talhah told the people of that and they were amazed. News of that reached the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and they told him the story. He said: “Why are you so amazed at that?” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, the first one was the one who strove harder, then he was martyred, but the other one was admitted to Paradise before him. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Did he not stay behind for a year?” They said: “Yes.” He said: “And did not Ramadan come and he fasted, and he offered such and such prayers during that year?” They said: “Yes.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “The difference between them is greater than the difference between heaven and earth.”


Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah 3925     In-book reference : Book 35, Hadith 33       

English translation : Vol. 5, Book 35, # 3925

Related Sources:

Book Namaz e Nabwi by Dr. Shafi ur Rahman

Lecture by Dr. Farhat Hashmi