WHO IS THE DOMINION OF EVERYTHING?

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ولله ملك السماوات والارض والى الله المصير

And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the return.

اور آسمان اور زمین کی بادشاہی اللہ کے لئے ہے۔ اور اللہ ہی کی طرف لوٹ کر جانا ہے

(Surah Nur: 42)

Allah tells us that whosoever is in the heavens and on the earth, i.e., the angels, mankind, Jinn, animals and even lifeless objects like stones,mountains, all belongs Him. He is the Ruler, the Controller of all, the Lord Who is worshipped and besides Whom none other is to be worshipped, and there is none to put back His judgement.

What is Al-Mulk and Who is Al-Malik?

The word “مُلك ” is a nominative noun, which generally marks the subject of a verb, the word is translated as dominion, and the proper noun before this word is اللہ. So Allah is the owner of everything. One of the attribute of Allah subhanawa’talah is Al-Malik which means “being Powerful” and having something in one’s sole possession. Malik, Maalik, Mulk and Maleek all come from the root maa-laa-kaa, which points to three main meanings. The first main meaning is to have possession and ownership. The second is to have power and ability and the third main meaning is to control and have authority. Allah, the Almighty and the Majestic said in Quran,

ولله ملك السماوات والارض والله على كل شيء قدير

And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is over all things competent

اور آسمانوں اور زمین کی بادشاہی اللہ ہی کو ہے اور اللہ ہر چیز پر قادر ہے

(Surah Al-e-Imran: 189)

The Quran states in many Surah’s that Allah is the only sovereign of universe and whatever lies in it, is in His possession. Whole kingdom entirely belongs to Him, He doesn’t share His rule with anyone and doesn’t require anyone to have any associate in it. It shows the Power of the Almighty, anything lies in it, is His creation. He who gives life and death. In Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah subhana’watalah said:

 له ما في السماوات وما في الارض 

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth 

جو کچھ آسمانوں میں اور جو کچھ زمین میں ہیں سب اسی کا ہے

(Surah Al-Baqarah: 255)

So, it’s simple to understand that if He is the Master and the Creator, then why anyone need to go to others to fulfill his needs. It also defines one’s belief, because this has the lesson of Tawheed in it. Also, we need to stay within the set limits of Al-Malik to gain the eternal benefits.

What is in the Skies and Earth? 

The word “sama” which means “sky” is mentioned hundreds of times in the Quran in its singular and plural forms; In ayaat, the number of the skies is mentioned as “seven”; in two of those verses it s stated that the seven skies are in the form of “layers”. It is stated as in Quran:

الذي خلق سبع سماوات 

[And] who created seven heavens in layers.

اس نے سات آسمان اوپر تلے بنائے

(Surah Mulk: 3)

 The Creation outside the Heavens and outside the Earth, mentioned several times, is a priori difficult to imagine.

الله الذي خلق سبع سماوات ومن الارض مثلهن يتنزل الامر بينهن لتعلموا ان الله على كل شيء قدير وان الله قد احاط بكل شيء علما ۔

It is Allah who has created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that Allah is over all things competent and that Allah has encompassed all things in knowledge.

خدا ہی تو ہے جس نے سات آسمان پیدا کئے اور ایسی ہی زمینیں۔ ان میں (خدا کے) حکم اُترتے

رہتے ہیں تاکہ تم لوگ جان لو کہ خدا چیز پر قادر ہے۔ اور یہ کہ خدا اپنے علم سے ہر چیز پر احاطہ کئے ہوئے ہے۔ 

(Surah At-Talaq: 12)

 Another Observation which may surprise the reader of the Quran is the fact that ayaat refers to three groups of things created, such that:
  • things in the Heavens 
  • things on the Earth
  • things between the Earth and Heaven

Who am I and Whom I belong?

A question arise in the mind of reader, if i don’t own anything and in reality nothing belongs to me, then who am i? and why i am created? To whom i belong? The answer is given in the second part of this ayah:

والى الله المصير 

and to Allah is the return. 

اور اللہ ہی کی طرف لوٹ کر جانا ہے

The word المصیر means “return” or “destination”, it is also a nominative noun and its root word is Suad, Ya, Ra. This part of ayat means, to Him everything will ultimately return, and He is swift in bringing to account. In Surah Maryam, it is said:

ان كل من في السماوات والارض الا اتي الرحمن عبدا 

There is no one in the heavens and earth but that he comes to the Most Merciful as a servant. 

تمام شخص جو آسمانوں اور زمین میں ہیں سب خدا کے روبرو بندے ہو کر آئیں گے 

(Surah Al-Maryam: 93)

Every single person will return and present to Him, as a slave. Some will be pleased to be presented before Allah as His slaves, because that is how they spent their lives. But others did not want to be slaves in this world, but they will be on the Day of Judgment. He will reward or punish everyone according to his deeds: if they are good, then the end will be good, and if they are bad, then the end will be bad. That shows duty of creation is to follow the rules of Master to gain success. But how? Allah subhana’watalah told us in Surah Al-Baqarah ayah 21:

يا ايها الناس اعبدوا ربكم الذي خلقكم والذين من قبلكم لعلكم تتقون

 O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous

 لوگو! اپنے پروردگار کی عبات کرو جس نے تم کو اور تم سے پہلے لوگوں کو پیدا کیا تاکہ تم (اس کے عذاب سے) بچو

Hence 2 points are cleared from this above ayah, that everything is created for His worship so do humans, because He created us, it is His right on us that we obediently follow our Master. Also, we are His servants, because a servant need to work in the set boundaries. And our Lord want us to be obedient and live our lives in full compliance of Quran and Sunnah of Prophet ﷺ.We have given freewill to choose right or wrong, but a submissive slave is the one who never transgressed limits, as he aims to attain the pleasure of his Master.


Written by Admin

Related Sources:

Quran Tafsir Ibn Kathir

IslamQuest

Tafsir Lecture by Dr. Farhat Hashmi

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