Having made clear that it is obligatory upon us to worship Allah, alone, giving no share of worship to anyone besides Allah, the author, rahimahullaah goes on to explain some of the different types of worship. So he said: “And all the types of worship… like Islaam, eemaan and ihsaan.”
These three: Islaam, eemaan and ihsaan are the Religion (Deen) as occurs in the narration reported by Muslim from the hadeeth of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab, radiyallaahu ‘anhu, who said:
“Whilst we were sitting with Allah’s Messenger one day, a man came having very white clothes and very black hair. No trace of having travelled could be seen upon him, and none of us knew him. So he sat down before the Prophet and joined his knees with his knees, and placed his palms upon his thighs and said: “O Muhammad, tell me about Islaam.” So Allah’s Messenger said: “Islaam is that you testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; that you establish the Prayer; pay the zakaat; fast Ramadaan; and make pilgrimage (hajj) to the House if you are able to do so.” He said: “You have spoken correctly.” He (i.e. ‘Umar) said: ‘So we were amazed at how he asked, and then told him that he had spoken correctly. ‘He said: “Then tell me about eemaan,” He ﷺ said: “It is that you have true faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and that you have true faith in pre-decree (alqadr), its good and its evil.“ He said: “You have spoken correctly.” He said: “Then tell me about ihsaan.” He ﷺ said: “It is that you worship Allah as if you were seeing Him, and even though you do not see Him, yet He certainly sees you.” He said: “Then tell me about the Hour.” He ﷺ said: “The one who is questioned about it knows no better than the one who is asking.” He said: “Then tell me about the signs.” He ﷺ said: “That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, and that you will see the barefooted, naked, and destitute, shepherds competing in building tall buildings.”
Then he went off. Then he (i.e. the Prophet) remained for a long while, then he said: “O ‘Umar, do you know who the questioner was?“ I said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He ﷺ said: “He was Jibreel, he came to you to teach you your Religion (Deen).””
It means submission and obedience to Allah. Islam with its five pillars, the two testifications of faith, the establishment of Salah, giving the Zakat, fasting Ramadan and making Hajj to sacred house of Allah – these are all acts of worship which are related to wealth (maaliyah) and body (ba’daniyah).
ارکانِ خمسہ کی تعمیل کا نام اِسلام ہے۔ جسمیں شہادتین، نماز، زکٰوة، روزہ، حج شامل ہیں۔
It is the true Belief comprising belief of the heart, speech of the tongue and action of the limbs. It has six pillars includes, emaan Bil’ah (Tawheed), emaan in His angels, in His holy Books, in His Messengers, and in the Last day and emaan in Al-Qadr (the pre-decree), the good of it and bad of it, this is worship of Heart.
ایمان میں چھ ارکان شامل ہیں۔ ایمان باللہ، فرشتون پر ایمان، آسمانی کتب، رُسل، اچھی اور بُری تقدیر اور موت اور حشر کے دِن پر ایمان لانا ضروری ہے۔
It means the Perfection of worship, which is a single pillar. And it is that worship Allah that you are seeing Him, and even though you do not see him, then He certainly sees you. This is the highest type of the worship.
اِحسان سے مراد ایسے عبادت کرنا کہ جیسے تم اللہ کو دیکھ رہے ہو یا اِس بات کا یقین کہ وہ تمھیں دیکھ رہا ہے۔
So the Prophet ﷺ declared all of these things to be the Religion, and that is because they comprehend all of the Religion.
دین = اِسلام + ایمان + اِحسان
Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah
Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah
1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:
2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:
The Third Matter – Alliance and the Disociation
THIRD CHAPTER OF BOOK:
FOURTH CHAPTER OF BOOK: