Ibn Katheer, rahimahullaah, said: “The creator of these things is the One Who deserves to be worshipped.” All the types of worship which Allah commanded – like Islaam (submission and obedience to Allah), eemaan (true Belief comprising belief of the heart, speech of the tongue and action of the limbs), and ihsaan (perfection of worship), and from that is invocation/supplication (du’aa), reverential fear (khawf), hope and longing (rajaa), trust and reliance (tawakkul), fervent desire (raghbah), dread (rahbah), reverence and humility (khushoo’), awe (khashyah), turning repentantly (inaabah), appealing for aid and assistance (isti’aanah), seeking refuge (isti’aadhah), seeking deliverance and rescue (istighaathah), sacrificing (dhabfi), vows (nadhr) and the rest of the types of worship commanded by Allah, all of them are to be done exclusively for Allah, the Most High.
Having made clear that it is obligatory upon us to worship Allah, alone, giving no share of worship to anyone besides Allah, the author, rahimahullaah goes on to explain some of the different types of worship. His saying And from it is ad’Dua ; he began with it because it is the greatest of the types of worship.
The proof for this is the Saying of Him, the Most High:
وان المساجد لله فلا تدعوا مع الله احدا
“And the places of Prayer are for Allah alone, so do not invoke anyone along with Allah”
اور یہ کہ مسجدیں (خاص) خدا کی ہیں تو خدا کے ساتھ کسی اور کی عبادت نہ کرو
[Soorah al-Jinn (72): 18]
Al-masaajid is the word that is used for the places where prostration is made and those places where prayer is performed. And the word Masaajid is also used for the seven parts of the body those are used for the prostration as it is mentioned in following hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas:
The Prophet (ﷺ) was ordered (by Allah) to prostrate on seven parts and not to tuck up the clothes or hair (while praying). Those parts are: the forehead (along with the tip of nose), both hands, both knees, and (toes of) both feet.
( Sahih al-Bukhari 809 – Kitab Ul Adhan ; To Prostate on Seven Bones)
Anyone who directs any part of that to anything besides Allaah, then he is a mushrik (associationist), an unbeliever (kaafir), and the proof is the Saying of Him, the Most High,
ومن يدع مع الله الها اخر لا برهان له به فانما حسابه عند ربه انه لا يفلح الكافرون
“And whoever worships along with Allaah any other object of worship has no proof for that; his reckoning will be with his Lord. Indeed the unbelievers will never prosper”
اور جو شخص خدا کے ساتھ اور معبود کو پکارتا ہے جس کی اس کے پاس کچھ بھی سند نہیں تو اس کا حساب خدا ہی کے ہاں ہوگا۔ کچھ شک نہیں کہ کافر فلاح نہیں پائیں گے
[Soorah al-Mu’minoon (23):117]
The first Aayah is a proof, since Allaah, the Most High, informs that the masaajid, which are either the places in which prostration (sujood) is made (i.e. the places of Prayer), or the limbs which prostrate, are for Allah alone. Then He stated as a consequence of that is: so do not worship and prostrate to anything else along with Him.
The second Aayah is a proof since Allah, the one free of all imperfections and the Most High, explains that whoever supplicates and invokes something else besides Allah is an unbeliever (kaafir), because He says: “Indeed the unbelievers will never prosper.” Furthermore His Saying “(They have) no proof for that“ indicates that it is not possible for there to be any proof supporting worship of other gods. So this is a description to make the matter clear and manifest, and it is not a qualifying description meant to exclude that which is supported by proof. This is the case since it is not possible for there to be any proof allowing worship of anything along with Allah.
(Islaam, eemaan and ihsaan are already explained in previous post. We will continue types of worship with respect to Dua and its categories and Proofs in next post insha’Allah.)
Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah
Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah
1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:
2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:
The Third Matter – Alliance and the Disociation
THIRD CHAPTER OF BOOK:
FOURTH CHAPTER OF BOOK:
First Principle ( Proof) – Part 2
Types of Worship and its Proofs