WHAT IS TAWAKKUL?
Placing (tawakul) reliance upon something is to depend upon it; and placing reliance upon Allaah, the Most High, is to depend upon Allaah, the Most High, and to accept Him as being the One who suffices you in bringing whatever is beneficial to you and protecting you from whatever is harmful. This is from the completion of true Faith (eemaan) and is a sign of it, as He, the Most High, says,
وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
“And put your reliance and trust in Allaah if you are true Believers.”
[Soorah al-Maa’idah (5):23]
If the person is sincere in his reliance and trust in Allaah, the Most High, then Allaah, the Most High, will take care of whatever troubles or concerns him, as He, the Most High, says,
وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ
“And whoever places his reliance and trust in Allaah then He will suffice him.”
[Soorah at-Talaaq (65):3]
Meaning that He will suffice him, then He sets the mind of the one who trusts in Him at rest with His Saying,
قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا
“Allaah will certainly bring about whatever He has decreed.”
[Soorah at-Talaaq (65):3]
TYPES OF TAWAKKUL?
So nothing at all can prevent Him from whatever He wills. Furthermore it should be known that placing reliance and trust is of different types:
(i) Trust and reliance upon Allaah, the Most High, is from the completion of eemaan, and one of the signs of its sincerity, it is obligatory since eemaan cannot be completed without it, and the proof has preceded.
(ii) Secret trust and dependence, such that he depends upon someone deceased to bring him some benefit or remove some harm, this is major shirk. This is because it will not occur except from a person who believes that this deceased person has some hidden control over the creation. There is no difference in this matter whether the deceased is a prophet, a pious person, or an evil enemy of Allaah, the Most High, who is worshipped by the people.
شرکِ توکل یہ ہے کہ جو کسی بندے کے اِختیار میں نہیں اُس پر معاملہ چھوڑنا۔ یعنی اللہ کے بجائے بندے پر بھروسہ کرنا۔
(iii) Placing reliance upon someone else in the affairs, whilst feeling that he himself is of a low standing and the one he depends upon is therefore of higher standing, for example that he depends upon him to bring him sustenance and the like, then this is a type of lesser shirk due to the strong connection his heart forms towards him and his dependence upon him. But if he merely relied upon him being certain that he is just a means, and that Allaah, the Most High, is the One Who alone has the power to bring that about in His Hand, then there is no harm in that, since the one on whom he places reliance does have an effect in causing it to occur.
(iv) Relying upon someone else and allowing someone else to act on your behalf with regard to a matter where one is allowed to depute someone. This is something about which there is no harm, as shown by the evidence of the Book, the Sunnah and the consensus (ijmaa’). Ya’qoob A.S said to his sons:
“O my sons go back and seek news of Yoosuf and his brother.”
[Soorah Yoosuf (12):87]
Also the Prophet deputed men to take charge of collection and looking after the zakaat; he deputed people to establish and carry out the prescribed punishment; and deputed ‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib, radiyallaahu ‘anhu, to take charge of some of his sacrificial animals during the Farewell Pilgrimage, and to give their skins and covering sheets in charity, and to sacrifice the remainder of the hundred camels after he had sacrificed sixty three with his own hand. As for the consensus (ijmaa*) upon permissibility of this, then it is something known.
کسی کو اپنا وکیل بنانا شرک نہیں، اپنے معاملات بندے کے حوالے کرنا توکیل کہلاتا ہے اور جسکے حوالے معاملا کیا جائے وہ وکیل کہلاتا ہے۔ مثلاً وکیلِ نکاح، مقدمہ میں اپنا ایک وکیل مقرر کرنا وغیرہ۔
Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah
Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah
1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:
2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:
The Third Matter – Alliance and the Disociation
THIRD CHAPTER OF BOOK:
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First Principle ( Proof) – Part 2
Types of Worship