In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Belief in the good character and virtue of the Sahaabah (companions of Prophet ﷺ) is the belief of Muslims. That is because Allah has praised them in His Book and they were also praised by the Prophetﷺ as is narrated in the books of Sunnah.
The leader of mankind, the foremost among the Messengers and Prophets, also testified to their virtue. He was a witness over them during his lifetime; heﷺ saw their sacrifices and their sincere resolve, and heﷺ spoke immortal words of the honor of his companions and his love for them. We will insha’Allah cover ahadith from Kitab ul Munaqib of Sahih Bukhari to describe the virtues of the Sahaabah.
In this Book, Imam Bukhari has not just recorded legal matters, but also the details of the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ. These were the people who were taught and trained by the Messenger of Allah. There is great learning for us in their lives.
In Surah Fatihah, we ask for الصِّرَاطَالْمُسْتَقِيمَ, which is the way of those whom Allah SWT has favored
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ
Also, it is described in Surah Nisa, Ayah 69:
وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا
And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger – those will be with the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favor of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions.
اور جو لوگ خدا اور اس کے رسول کی اطاعت کرتے ہیں وہ (قیامت کے روز) ان لوگوں کے ساتھ ہوں گے جن پر خدا نے بڑا فضل کیا یعنی انبیاء اور صدیق اور شہید اور نیک لوگ اور ان لوگوں کی رفاقت بہت ہی خوب ہے
(Surah Nisa :69)
It is for our benefit that we must know about the lives of the Siddeeqeen – The Truthful (Among them companions), and the Shuhadaa. Here it is important to note that there are two meanings of the word ‘Shuhada‘.
1. Martyrs 2. Ulama: scholars, because they testify to the truth
So if we want to be on the straight path, we must know the way of those whom Allah was pleased with.
Here is a list of some companions, insha’Allah we will study about them RadhiAllahu’anhum (Allah is pleased with them) in the light of Sunnah and historical evidence to understand their virtues.
- Abdullah bin Omar – His Virtues in Kitab ul Munaqib
- Ammar bin Yasir
- Hudhayfah Ibn al-Yaman
- Abu Ubaydah Ibn Al-Jarrah
- Hassan Ibn Ali
- Hussain Ibn Ali
- Bilal Ibn Rabah
Compiled on the basis of Urdu Lectures of Ustadhza Farhat Hashmi