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Surah Yusuf 53 to 111

The last part of Surah Yusuf continues the story of Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) that was begun earlier in the chapter. There are many lessons that can be learned from his story of betrayal at the hands of his brothers.

  • [12:53] The soul is a persistent enjoiner of evil.That’s why controlling the soul is said to be the biggest jihad ever. The ones who control their selves from falling into evil are the best of Mujahideen.
  • [12:54-55] From the qualities of Prophet Yusuf (alayhissalam), was that he was very handsome, caring, honest, trustworthy, protective and knowledgeable.
  • [12:56-57] The reward of a doer of good is never lost. Yusuf (alayhissalam) was tested so many times but he was patient and continued doing good deeds and Allah rewarded him with a high position job in the kingdom.
  • [12:64] Allah is the best guardian and protector. Entrust all your affairs to Allah and be of the peaceful and content believers.
  • [12:67] Prophet Yaqub (‘alayhissalam) feared the evil eye too, so ordered his sons not to enter together from one gate.
    Always seek protection from the evil eye (‘Ain in Arabic and Nazar in Urdu) by reciting duas/adhkar of protection. [http://islamqa.info/en/11359] Prophet (sallulaho’alaihiwasalam) said:

“The evil eye is real.” (Al-Bukhaari 5048 and Muslim 2187) 

Although it is correct that the evil eye comes from people who feel jealous (hasad), it may also come from a person who is not jealous but merely likes something, because of the hadeeth:

Whoever among you sees something in himself or in his possessions or in his brother that he likes, let him pray for blessing for it, because the evil eye is real.” (Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Kalim al-Tayyib, 243)

  • [12:67-68]Planning and taking precautions is important but in the end, one must trust Allah and His decisions for him وَعَلَيْهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ 
  • [12:76] If you are a student of knowledge, then know that seeking knowldge has no end. There will also be someone more knowledgeable than you. But complete knowledge of everything lies only with Allah.
  • [12:83] Even after losing two of his beloved sons, Prophet Yaqoob continued being patient. Learn from him. Indeed sabr is a major part of eeman.
  • [12:86] Like yaqoob (alayhissalam) cry, complain and ask Allah alone and not the people. Say,

إِنَّمَا أَشْكُو بَثِّي وَحُزْنِي إِلَى اللَّهِ 
“I only complain of my suffering and my grief to Allah (12:86)

People cannot help, if Allah doesn’t let them, so seek help just from Him and beg Him to answer your dua.

  • [12:87] No matter how worse a situation is, never despair of relief from Allah! Indeed, no one despairs of relief from Allah except the disbelieving people. So – always be hopeful. Allah Taala always listens and responds no matter what the difficulty, no matter what the wish/desire/request just keep praying and asking Him because His promses are true. Just believe in Him with all your heart and stay away from Haram deeds in desperation.
  • [12:90] Be a possessor of Taqwa and Sabr – as the one who has these two traits gathers all blessings of this world and the Hereafter.
  • [12:91] It is never too late to confess your mistakes and say sorry to someone. 
  • [12:92] When Prophet Yusuf’s moment of truth arrives, and he finally tells his brothers who he really is, they admit before him that Allah has raised him in authority over them, and that they did wrong to him. He then says the famous words that Prophet Muhammad repeated after the conquest of Makkah:

“This day let no reproach be on you..” and further, asked Allah to forgive them as well.

This is one of the most beautiful lessons to be learned from chapter Yusuf in dealing with difficult people: forgive them when they ask for pardon/admit their mistake, do not take revenge, and thenceforth dwell cordially with them. Very few of us have family members plotting to kill us off. If Prophet Yusuf could forgive his brothers for ‘ruining’ his youth (apparently) and separating him from his parents for so many years, we can also try to forgive those who wrong us on a much lesser level, especially if they ask for pardon and change their behavior.

  • [12:100] After Yusuf (alayhi salaam) is reunited with his parents and family, he says:

وَقَدْ أَحْسَنَ بِي إِذْ أَخْرَجَنِي مِنَ السِّجْنِ وَجَاءَ بِكُم مِّنَ الْبَدْوِ مِن بَعْدِ أَن نَّزَغَ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ إِخْوَتِي ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي لَطِيفٌ لِّمَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ

“and He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of prison and brought you out of the desert after shaytan had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certaintly my Lord is Lateef to who He wills. Truly, He Alone is the Most Knowing, Most Wise.” (12:100)

Yusuf (alayhi salaam) connects Ihsaan (utmost good) and Subtleness in this ayah, showing that he recognized the connection between Allah’s Lutf and His Ihsaan. Yusuf (alayhi salaam) went through many difficult trials, but he recognized that Allah was Al-Lateef with him in a very discrete way. We would not think that those trials and difficulties were good for him, but they were. So, Allah will do ihsaan to someone without them realizing it, and He raises their status through ways they may dislike.

  • [12:100 ] The dream that he had seen in childhood came true after forty long and difficult years and it was worth the wait. 
  • [12:100-101] SubhanAllah, Can’t help but wonder how Yusuf (álayhissalam) must have felt when he saw his dear father and the rest of his family in front of him after all those years of separation, hardship and tests. Can’t help but wonder at his super strong eeman, patience & steadfastness during those difficult years and then his feeling of sheer gratefulness & love for the One who was with Him all along; Al Lateef Al Áleem Al Hakeem. This is the eeman & love, we should be working for. This characteristic – of being patient with the Decisions & Will of Allah, is what we should strive to learn. And this certainty that everything will make perfect sense in the end is what we badly need to ingest into our oft-worrying, poor, thick skulls
  • [12:111] There was certainly in their stories a lesson for those of understanding. Never was the Qur’an a narration invented, but a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of all things and guidance and mercy for a people who believe. 


English Compilation: Sr. Mariam Anwer (QUEST FOR PARADISE)




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Surah Yusuf Ayahs 1 to 52

  • [12:3]When the Yahood as Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) about Yusuf (‘alayhissalam) to test his knowledge, Allah revealed the whole story to inform him and as a form of consolation to him. It’s a story full of lessons of all types for all ages. You will learn something new everytime you read this beautiful surah. Allah subhana’watalh called it BEST STORY.
  • [12:2] Make learning the Arabic language with the intention to understand the Quran a priority.
  • [12:5] Dreams are of three types. Good dreams are from Allah. We should narrate them only to a loved one. Bad dreams are from shaytan to worry us. If we get a bad dream we should recite “istiaza” (A’aoodhubillahi min asshaytanir Rajeem) thrice and spit on the left and turn to the other side and not tell anyone about it. And third type is from your own mind of the happenings around you. Relay good dreams only to a loved one not to those of whom you fear jealousy.
  • [12:8] Stay away from hasad/envy. Envy and eeman cannot stay together…it eats up good deeds and it’s a characteristic of shaytan. A true servant of Allah cannot feel jealous—he is content with what Allah has chosen for Him, and for others. Whenever you see Allah blessing people with what you also desire, then make du’aa for it instead of envying people. Ask Him of His bounties for you and the people. He is the Possessor of infinite treasures and He hears and responds to all duaas!
  • [12:9] You can’t plan a bad deed and say “I will just repent afterwards!”
  • [12:18] Learn sabr from Prophet Ya’qoob (‘alayhissalam). He controlled his sadness and his anger for the sake of Allah and accepted the decision of Allah. Would we react in the same way if a similar news is delivered to us? Whenever bad news comes to you, tell yourself: patience is most fitting (sabrun jameel).
  • [12:23]  There are seven whom Allaah will shade with His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His and one of them is a man who is called by a woman of rank and beauty and says ‘I fear Allaah’[and turns away from the temptation]…(al-Bukhaari, no. 620; Muslim, no. 1712; and others).
  • [12:32] Committing a sin and then being proud of it and letting everyone know about it is piling sin upon sin and losing all chances of forgiveness from Allah!
  • [12:33-34] Believers prefer prison than the disobedience of Allah.
  • [12:35] Fear Allah and always seek His help to stay steadfast on His Deen and Allah will in turn help you and protect you from fitnah.
  • [12:36-41] Are you of those who forget all their obligations, duties and manners when they are caught us in a huge problem? Learn from Yusuf (‘alahissalam)…He cared for the guidance of others and didn’t forget his duties as a believer and called people to Allah even when he was in prison. He showed his excellent character even in prison so his fellow prisoners trusted him, confided in him and sought his help.
  • [12:45-52] Never doubt the wise planning of Allah. He knows while you don’t. Reflect on how Allah saved Yusuf (‘alayhissalam) from the prison and how the wife of Aziz accepted her sin and praise the pious character of Yusuf (‘alayhissalam).


English Comiplation: Sr. Mariam Anwer (Quest for Paradise)



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Surah Hud  6 to 123

  • [11:6] Allah KNOWS every creature’s rizq (provision) and place of rest even though there are millions of creatures in the universe.
  • [11:7] He created the seven heavens seven earths and the Arsh and all of us…why? TO TEST US! All khair and shar comes to us to test us….to see which one of us is BEST in deeds.
  • [11:9] Don’t despair and don’t be ungrateful when you face a problem. It’s just a test from Allah so be a true believer and show patience while continuing to do good deeds as this will cleanse your soul and bring ou great reward.
  • [11:11] إِلَّا الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ كَبِيرٌExcept  for  those  who  are  patient  and  do  righteous  deeds;  those  will  have  forgiveness and  great  reward“. Only place in the Quran where Allah accompanies  وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَات with صَبَرُوا instead of ءامنو showing us that at the times of tests and trials, be it of ease or difficulty….no doubt sabr is important but accompanying that sabr with continuous good A’mal is necessary too. That’s the real purpose of the test…to make us “learn to continue” with good deeds with sabr “inspite of the burden of the test we are facing. nThat’s where the mercy and ajr of Allah comes and raises us in degrees of righteousness.
  • [11:10] When you get out of trouble or solve a problem, never fall into the trap of saying “Because I did this and this everything was ok”. Remember, it was only Allah who took you out of that situation. Instead of boasting, say Alhamdulillah.
  • [11:13-14]  Are you not convinced when you read the Quran that it is the truth? We know the Quran and everything in it is the truth, but do we follow the instructions in it as well?
  • [11:15-16] Whoever does a good deed only to gain some benefit in the life of this world and doesn’t have any intention of pleasing Allah nor preparing for the meeting with Him, will have nothing but the Fire in the Akhirah.
  • [11:23] Be humble. If you want to go to jannah, you have to adopt humility alongwith having eeman and doing good deeds.
  • [11:29] Every Prophets conveyed message of Allah, without looking towards worldly benefits, they expected their reward from Allah and had no greed of wealth in their hearts.
  • [11:38] Whenever you do something for the sake of Allah and people laugh at you, don’t get embarrassed or discouraged. Just think of Nuh alayhi sallam when he was constructing the Ark; his reward is with Allah. The mockers will be ridiculed on the Day of Judgement and you will be laughing, inshaa’Allah.
  • [11:41] Saying bismillah before any significant deed is one of the most powerful habits you can teach yourself and your children.
  • [11:43- 45] Name, caste, lineage, righteous parents will never help to save us from Allah’s punishment. Only our righteous deeds will help us and save us.
  • [11:47] Even after doing so many good deeds, even after calling his people to Allah for 950 years, even being a prophet, Nuh (alayhis’salam) feared Allah would be angry at him, for questioning about the fate of his son, what about us? Do we dare to question Allah for His decisions for us? Let’s learn from Prophet Nuh and memorize his dua:
 رَبِّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۖ وَإِلَّا تَغْفِرْ لِي وَتَرْحَمْنِي أَكُنْ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
“My Lord, I seek refuge in You from asking that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive me and have mercy upon me, I will be among the losers.” 
  • [11:50][11:53- 60] The crime of the people of Aad was that they followed the evil chiefs and elite of their clan and rejected Allah and His Messenger. Do we see a similar behaviour in our communities?
  • [11:52] Seeking forgiveness of Allah and repenting to Him brings about provisions and strength! Nabi (saw) taught this dua to a man:
اللهم اغفرلي، وارحمني، واهدني، وعافني، وارزقني
“O Allah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, protect me and provide me with sustenance.”
He (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: ‘Surely, this supplication is better for you in this life and in the Hereafter.’ (Riyad as Saliheen, Book of Du’a Book 17, Hadith 1469)
Let’s memorize it. A du’a for khair in both worlds.
  • [11:72-73] When good and wonderful things come to the slave – do not be so caught up in amazement and stunned thought. Your Lord is able to do anything. The Command and Decree of Allah is not a surprise for the slave who knows the Power and Capability of Allah. This is why the angels exclaimed back, ‘Do you wonder at the Decree of Allah? May the mercy of Allah be upon you…’ See, at the point when you recognise a great nai’mah (blessing) of Allah, there is a blessed moment in which your initial reaction is recorded with heaviness on the scale. What is required of you at that point is immediate gratitude, and for you to praise Allah, and exalt Him without delay. This is just one of the reasons why the verse ends with ‘Indeed, He is Praiseworthy and Honorable’ – Allah is reminding us (through the words of his angels) about our actions at such a moment. He is effectively teaching us how to deal with Him and His Blessings.
  • [11:74] A believer is caring at heart. He not only worries about himself but for all his brothers and sisters in Deen. Prophet Ibrahim was given the good news of a son in his old age…his duaa was finally accepted…he was happy for himself but then worried about the coming punishment on the people of Lut. The sincerity of the Prophets is such a beautiful thing to read about. These were legends; great men who desired nothing more than that Allah be worshipped in the land. They wanted nothing but guidance for their people. They didn’t desire wealth, or fame, or social ranking… just that people turned to their Creator, and were saved in this life and the next. Let’s learn from the prophets.
  • [11:77-83] The actions of the people of Lut (alayhis’salam) were forbidden by Allah, declared a major sin. Allah sends His curse and punishment on people who do this. Homosexuality is haraam! And we know from the verses of the Qur’an that those who support it (wife of Prophet Lut) will be with those who will be punished for doing this haraam act. Beware!
  • [11:84-85] Never cheat when selling or even buying things, never alter weight , deceive people by certain types of marketing etc.
  • [11:88] When you advise people to good, explain with wisdom and kindness. Don’t argue with them but explain that you only wish good for them and wish to be together with them in Jannah.
  • [11:97-98] Fir’awn was a leader to evil and oppressive actions in Dunya so he will be a leader on the Day of Qiyamah as well – a leader leading his followers to the Hell Fire.
  • [11:102]  A Hadeeth of our beloved Prophet (sallallahu alyhi wasallam),
Allah will let the wrongdoer continue until when He begins to punish him, He will never  him go.”
Then He [sallallahu alyhi wasallam] recited (this ayah of Surah Hud),
Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the (population of) the towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful, (and) severe.[Surah Hud 102]
[Narrated by Muslim]
May Allah Taála guide us and help us act on His guidance, before its too late, Ameen.
  • [11:106-108] Race to good deeds and to Jannah, the blessed ones with heavy scales of good deeds will have a pleasant eternal life in Jannah while those who were busy in doing evil deeds will end up screaming eternally in Hell Fire.
  • [11:114] Good deeds wipe out bad deeds by the grace of Allah, if you feel guilty after sinning, do a good deed even if it is as simple as saying la ilaha illAllah
  • [11:119] Allah will fill Hell with jinn and men all together, pray you are not one of them.
  • [11:120] When you feel down or weak in emaan, read stories of the Prophets and ask Allah to make firm your heart thereby. Allah has written numerous stories and examples in the Qur’an to console the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and his followers’ hearts.  All stories comfort us and make us learn sabr and tawakkal.


English Compilation: Sr. Mariam Anwer (Quest for Paradise)