Surah Yusuf 53 to 111
The last part of Surah Yusuf continues the story of Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) that was begun earlier in the chapter. There are many lessons that can be learned from his story of betrayal at the hands of his brothers.
- [12:53] The soul is a persistent enjoiner of evil.That’s why controlling the soul is said to be the biggest jihad ever. The ones who control their selves from falling into evil are the best of Mujahideen.
- [12:54-55] From the qualities of Prophet Yusuf (alayhissalam), was that he was very handsome, caring, honest, trustworthy, protective and knowledgeable.
- [12:56-57] The reward of a doer of good is never lost. Yusuf (alayhissalam) was tested so many times but he was patient and continued doing good deeds and Allah rewarded him with a high position job in the kingdom.
- [12:64] Allah is the best guardian and protector. Entrust all your affairs to Allah and be of the peaceful and content believers.
- [12:67] Prophet Yaqub (‘alayhissalam) feared the evil eye too, so ordered his sons not to enter together from one gate.
Always seek protection from the evil eye (‘Ain in Arabic and Nazar in Urdu) by reciting duas/adhkar of protection. [http://islamqa.info/en/11359] Prophet (sallulaho’alaihiwasalam) said:
“The evil eye is real.” (Al-Bukhaari 5048 and Muslim 2187)
Although it is correct that the evil eye comes from people who feel jealous (hasad), it may also come from a person who is not jealous but merely likes something, because of the hadeeth:
“Whoever among you sees something in himself or in his possessions or in his brother that he likes, let him pray for blessing for it, because the evil eye is real.” (Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Kalim al-Tayyib, 243)
- [12:67-68]Planning and taking precautions is important but in the end, one must trust Allah and His decisions for him وَعَلَيْهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ
- [12:76] If you are a student of knowledge, then know that seeking knowldge has no end. There will also be someone more knowledgeable than you. But complete knowledge of everything lies only with Allah.
- [12:83] Even after losing two of his beloved sons, Prophet Yaqoob continued being patient. Learn from him. Indeed sabr is a major part of eeman.
- [12:86] Like yaqoob (alayhissalam) cry, complain and ask Allah alone and not the people. Say,
إِنَّمَا أَشْكُو بَثِّي وَحُزْنِي إِلَى اللَّهِ
“I only complain of my suffering and my grief to Allah (12:86)
People cannot help, if Allah doesn’t let them, so seek help just from Him and beg Him to answer your dua.
- [12:87] No matter how worse a situation is, never despair of relief from Allah! Indeed, no one despairs of relief from Allah except the disbelieving people. So – always be hopeful. Allah Taala always listens and responds no matter what the difficulty, no matter what the wish/desire/request just keep praying and asking Him because His promses are true. Just believe in Him with all your heart and stay away from Haram deeds in desperation.
- [12:90] Be a possessor of Taqwa and Sabr – as the one who has these two traits gathers all blessings of this world and the Hereafter.
- [12:91] It is never too late to confess your mistakes and say sorry to someone.
- [12:92] When Prophet Yusuf’s moment of truth arrives, and he finally tells his brothers who he really is, they admit before him that Allah has raised him in authority over them, and that they did wrong to him. He then says the famous words that Prophet Muhammad repeated after the conquest of Makkah:
“This day let no reproach be on you..” and further, asked Allah to forgive them as well.
This is one of the most beautiful lessons to be learned from chapter Yusuf in dealing with difficult people: forgive them when they ask for pardon/admit their mistake, do not take revenge, and thenceforth dwell cordially with them. Very few of us have family members plotting to kill us off. If Prophet Yusuf could forgive his brothers for ‘ruining’ his youth (apparently) and separating him from his parents for so many years, we can also try to forgive those who wrong us on a much lesser level, especially if they ask for pardon and change their behavior.
- [12:100] After Yusuf (alayhi salaam) is reunited with his parents and family, he says:
وَقَدْ أَحْسَنَ بِي إِذْ أَخْرَجَنِي مِنَ السِّجْنِ وَجَاءَ بِكُم مِّنَ الْبَدْوِ مِن بَعْدِ أَن نَّزَغَ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ إِخْوَتِي ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي لَطِيفٌ لِّمَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ
“and He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of prison and brought you out of the desert after shaytan had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certaintly my Lord is Lateef to who He wills. Truly, He Alone is the Most Knowing, Most Wise.” (12:100)
Yusuf (alayhi salaam) connects Ihsaan (utmost good) and Subtleness in this ayah, showing that he recognized the connection between Allah’s Lutf and His Ihsaan. Yusuf (alayhi salaam) went through many difficult trials, but he recognized that Allah was Al-Lateef with him in a very discrete way. We would not think that those trials and difficulties were good for him, but they were. So, Allah will do ihsaan to someone without them realizing it, and He raises their status through ways they may dislike.
- [12:100 ] The dream that he had seen in childhood came true after forty long and difficult years and it was worth the wait.
- [12:100-101] SubhanAllah, Can’t help but wonder how Yusuf (álayhissalam) must have felt when he saw his dear father and the rest of his family in front of him after all those years of separation, hardship and tests. Can’t help but wonder at his super strong eeman, patience & steadfastness during those difficult years and then his feeling of sheer gratefulness & love for the One who was with Him all along; Al Lateef Al Áleem Al Hakeem. This is the eeman & love, we should be working for. This characteristic – of being patient with the Decisions & Will of Allah, is what we should strive to learn. And this certainty that everything will make perfect sense in the end is what we badly need to ingest into our oft-worrying, poor, thick skulls
- [12:111] There was certainly in their stories a lesson for those of understanding. Never was the Qur’an a narration invented, but a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of all things and guidance and mercy for a people who believe.
English Compilation: Sr. Mariam Anwer (QUEST FOR PARADISE)