Dua – Rabbana Zalamna Anfusana Surah Al-Araf Ayah 23
When Adam AS and Hawwa AS fell into the evil whisperings and false promises of Shaitaan and ate from the forbidden tree, they made this dua.
Deeply remorseful, they said,
“Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.”
(Surah Al-A’raf 7:23)
Iblees disobeyed Allah willfully with full understanding of the consequences and also blamed Allah SWT for his mistake. Adam AS and Hawwa AS did so through simple forgetfulness and heedlessness and were intensely sorry, humbly repenting and beseeching Allah for forgiveness. They were hopeful of the Mercy of Allah SWT.
“Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
( Surah Al-Baqarah 2:37)
Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, turned to Adam AS and accepted Adam’s AS repentance.
Lessons Learned from the dua:
⚜ Be aware of the evil whisperings of Shaitaan.
⚜ Do not sin willfully.
⚜ Turn to Allah if you have sinned.
⚜ Make Sincere Tawbah.
⚜ Do not despair of the Mercy of Allah.
⚜ Do not be judgemental about others. They might have made sincere Tawbah and were forgiven by Allah.
May Allah SWT save us from the tactics of Shaitaan and bless us the taufeeq to do Sincere Tawbah.
[7:91] Don’t cheat people when you run a business. The arrogant chiefs of Prophet Shuaib’s nation used to deceive the people regarding weight and measurement and rejected the prophet’s message so Allah punished them with a major earthquake.
[7:88] Don’t let community pressure avert you from getting closer to Allah. If your environment or the people around you try to stop you from practicing your Deen, rely on Allah and don’t worry if you lose out on materialistic things; Allah will replace them with what’s better for you.
[7:94] Financial difficulty and all other trials have one purpose: to make you humble. When you lose something or things get tough, do you humble yourself before Allah, trying to worship more, increase in du’a or do you forget about Allah due to bad thoughts about Him or self pity? Reflect and turn back to Him before it’s too late.
[7:95] Allah always tests people with either one of the two conditions: First, with hardship to see if they humble themselves and turn to Him by increasing in duaa to Him but when they don’t do that, He tries them with ease, sends them His blessings so that they might turn to Him in gratefulness and submission. But when they still remain arrogant and oblivious to the signs sent by Him, He punishes them in ways they never imagined.
[7:97] Do not be of the ones who Allah when you feel safe secure! A peaceful and secure environment is also a test from Allah.
[7:100] The worst punishment is to have a sealed heart. Ask Allah to make you benefit from what you hear and see and to make you not only gain knowledge, but to actually benefit from it. Are you benefiting from your knowledge?
[7:126] The magicians of Fir’awn saw the signs that Musa (a.s) showed and accept the Truth. They prayed for sabr and desired to die as Muslims.Whenever you are tested in your Deen and have a strong will to die as a Muslim, make the du’aa that the magicians made:
رَبَّنَآ أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَتَوَفَّنَا مُسْلِمِينَ “Our Lord pour upon us patience and let us die as Muslims”.
[7:131] “Bad” and “good” things don’t happen because of people, they happen by the will of Allah.
[7:133] Recognize the signs sent by Allah and turn to Him. The followers of Firawn were tested by years of famine, a deficiency in fruits, flood, locusts, lice, frogs and blood. Every time they were punished they promised they would be believers but then when the punishment was removed they returned to denial and arrogance.
[7:138]The psychology of idol worshiper: A person gets attracted to the obvious glow and glitter around the idols and gets inspired by the ignorant people worshiping them so much so that he gets involved in it too. Whereas Allah is unseen, not visible to human eye, so a person who doesn’t reflect on the hidden signs finds it difficult to believe and turn to Him in worship. This is a test…a major one…the ones who pass this, will be the only successful ones.
[7:148] Know that, Allah will keep testing His servants until the sincere believers can be clearly differentiated from the weak ones and the hypocrites. The children of Israel were weak and oppressed waiting for years for the help and mercy of Allah so when Allah drowned Fir’awan and his people to save them, the Children of Israel took the calf as God, forgot Allah and started worshiping it. It’s clear from this, that whenever Allah deprives someone of something, it is only so that he can come closer to Him by ways of du’a and worship asking Allah to fulfill that need. And Allah finally fulfills that need according to his own timing, his own way it’s so that the servant can rise in eeman and gratefulness. But then insan gets the name insan due to his forgetful nature. So when there’s no longer a need that needs to be fulfilled, he forgets Allah’s favors, disobeys Him and gets involved in Shirk. Reflect over this…and correct your affairs.
[7:143] Prophet Musa’s request to see Allah could not be fulfilled because it’s not allowed and not possible for anyone in dunya to see Him in this life.
[7:146] Stay away from arrogance which makes one reject the Truth and think lowly of people. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said,
“He will not enter Hellfire who has the weight of a seed of faith in his heart and he will not enter Paradise who has the weight of a seed of arrogance in his heart.” (Sahih Muslim 91)
[7:150] The anger of Prophet Musa over his people when they got involved in shirk is noteworthy. He got angry with the purpose of reprimanding but then when things were clear and understood by the people, he calmed down and made du’aa:
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِى وَلأَخِى وَأَدْخِلْنَا فِي رَحْمَتِكَ وَأَنتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَحِمِينَ “My Lord, forgive me and my brother and admit us into Your mercy, for You are the most merciful of the merciful.”
[7:156 ] Allah’s vast mercy is only for those who perform prayer, give zakah and believe in His ayaat.
[7:158 ] The secret to your success is by recognizing the status of the prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam), following him and the Book that was revealed on him.
[7:163] Playing with the Deen is an extremely dangerous thing. You might be able to fool others or even yourself by bending the rules of Allah, but you will never deceive Allah. The fishermen who tried to go around catching fish on the day of Sabbath were transformed into apes, this is how severe the punishment of Allah was for those who tried to be “clever”.
[7:170] Don’t wait for worldly benefit when you teach the rulings of the Qur’an, seek Allah’s pleasure and Jannah.
[7:170] Whatever the conditions are, never ever leave the Book of Allah; Hold on to it…it’s oxygen to your soul and the reason for your safety in the Hereafter.
[7:172] All souls have already testified to Allah being their Lord before they were even sent to this world so nobody can say that they were not informed about Allah.
[7:175-176] Don’t let your worldly desires get the better of you after Allah has blessed you with knowledge of Islam. Allah likens such a person to a dog.
[7:179] Some people are worse than cattle. The reference is to the cattle’s inability to think and reason, while blindly following the stuff they are accustomed to. But then, some of us are worse than cattle…because the cattle follow their instincts that Allah has given them and they “submit” to Allah! While we are absorbed in ignorance and all the material desires and worldly glitter…not being concerned with Allah’s rules and prohibitions. Are not we supposed to be the “Best of all creation“? Hell Fire will be filled with people who never used their hearts, minds, eyes and ears to recognize the signs of Allah, to reflect on them and never accepted the truth.
[7:180] Study the Names of Allah; understand them and LIVE by them. One of the etiquette of supplicating is to make du’aa to Allah by calling Him by His Names relevant to the content of the dua. For example when you ask Allah to fulfill a need of yours, you make dua by calling Him like:
Bless me Ya Wahhab [The Giver of gifts], Ya Mujeeb [The One who responds], Ya Ghaniyy [the One Free of all needs], bless me with the best in both worlds! (just an example to show how to call Him when making duaa)
[7:187] Daily think about the coming of the Last Hour – what if it is tomorrow? Prepare for it. Ask forgiveness from those you wronged and repent to Allah for all your shortcomings in your worship. Prepare and be ready just like a pregnant woman keeps everything prepared and ready (to rush to the hospital) before her due date arrives.
[7:189] Say the sunnah supplication before intercourse and ask Allah for a righteous child in times of pregnancy and act upon this by raising your children with knowledge of Islam. So many complain about their children; but did you teach them from young what Allah likes and dislikes and above all, are you a good example yourself?
[7:196] Prophet Muhammad (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) did not possess knowledge of the unseen. If he had it he would have protected himself from all harm and would have lead a pleasant life.
[7:197] Do not make du’aa to anyone else but ALLAH! The one you call upon besides Him are unable to help you, they can’t even help themselves.
[7:199] Learn to pardon the people, enjoin what is right and turn away from the ignorant ones.
[7:200-201] As soon as you have a bad thought, say aoodhu billahi minash shaytaanir rajeem. Make it a habit to say bismillah before doing most of your daily routine as it can protect you from sinning easily.
[7:204] When the Quran is recited, don’t talk through it carelessly. Pay attention and try to understand as much of it as you can. Even when standing behind the imam in congregation, listen to what he recites instead of reading along with him or holding a mushaf and read…Focus on what Allah has said in this ayah:
“So when the Qur’an is recited, then listen to it and pay attention that you may receive mercy.”
[7:205] Make the morning and evening supplications a part of your daily routine. Start reading them daily so you will slowly memorize them and they will become very easy for you to say anytime, anywhere. Know their rewards are immense.