HUDHAYFAH IBN AL-YAMAAN

bismillah2

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

“If you wish you may consider yourself among the Muhajirin or, if you wish, you may consider yourself one of the Ansar. Choose whichever is dearer to you.”

With these words, the Prophetﷺ addressed Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan when he met him for the first time in Makkah. How did Hudhayfah come to have this choice?

Name and Lineage:

His full name was حذيفة بن اليمان العبسي الغطفاني القيسي Hudhayfah bin Al-Yamaan Al-Absi Al-Aghutfaani Al-Qaysi. His father, حسيل بن جابر بن عمرو الیمان Husail Bin Jabir Bin Amr Al-Yamaan  was a Makkan from the tribe of Abs. He  had been forced to leave Makkah. He had settled down in Madina, becoming an ally (halif) of the Banu Al-Ash’hal and marrying into the tribe (حليف لبني عبد الأشهل من الأنصار). A son named Hudhayfah was born to him. The restrictions on his returning to Makkah were eventually lifted  but stayed more in Madina and was more attached to it.

He born in Makkah and grew up in a Muslim household and was taught by both his mother and father who were among the first persons from Madina to enter the religion of Islam. He, therefore, became a Muslim before meeting the Prophet ﷺ .

Hudhayfah longed to meet the Prophetﷺ. From an early age, he was keen on following whatever news there was about him. The more he heard, the more his affection for the Prophetﷺ grew and the more he longed to meet him.

First Battle:

At Madinah, after the Hijrah, Hudhayfah became closely attached to the Prophet. He participated in all the military engagements except Badr. Explaining why he missed the Battle of Badr, he said

حُذَيْفَةُ بْنُ الْيَمَانِ قَالَ مَا مَنَعَنِى أَنْ أَشْهَدَ بَدْرًا إِلاَّ أَنِّى خَرَجْتُ أَنَا وَأَبِى(حُسَيْلٌ) قَالَ فَأَخَذَنَا كُفَّارُ قُرَيْشٍ قَالُوا إِنَّكُمْ تُرِيدُونَ مُحَمَّدًا فَقُلْنَا مَا نُرِيدُهُ مَا نُرِيدُ إِلاَّ الْمَدِينَةَ. فَأَخَذُوا مِنَّا عَهْدَ اللَّهِ وَمِيثَاقَهُ لَنَنْصَرِفَنَّ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَلاَ نُقَاتِلُ مَعَهُ فَأَتَيْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرْنَاهُ الْخَبَرَ فَقَالَ انْصَرِفَا نَفِى لَهُمْ بِعَهْدِهِمْ وَنَسْتَعِينُ اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِم

[4740:صحیح مسلم ]

It has been reported on the authority of Hudbaifa bin Al-Yamaan who said: Nothing prevented me from being present at the Battle of Badr except I was out with my father [Husail], but we were caught by the disbelievers of Quraish. They said: (Do) you intend to go to Muhammad? We said: We do not intend to go to him, but we wish to go (back) to Madina. So they took from us a covenant in the name of Allah that we would turn back to Madina and would not fight on the side of Muhammad ﷺ. So, we came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and told the incident to him. He said: Both, of you, go back (to Medina); we will fulfill the covenant made with them and seek Allah’s help against them.

His father’s martyrdom in Uhud:

Hudhayfah participated in the Battle of Uhud with his father. The pressure on Hudhayfah during the battle was great but he acquitted himself well and emerged safe and sound. A rather different fate, however, awaited his father.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ لَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ أُحُدٍ هُزِمَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ هَزِيمَةً بَيِّنَةً فَصَاحَ إِبْلِيسُ أَيْ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أُخْرَاكُمْ فَرَجَعَتْ أُولَاهُمْ عَلَى أُخْرَاهُمْ فَاجْتَلَدَتْ أُخْرَاهُمْ فَنَظَرَ حُذَيْفَةُ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَبِيهِ فَنَادَى أَيْ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ أَبِي أَبِي فَقَالَتْ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا احْتَجَزُوا حَتَّى قَتَلُوهُ فَقَالَ حُذَيْفَةُ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قَالَ أَبِي فَوَاللَّهِ مَا زَالَتْ فِي حُذَيْفَةَ مِنْهَا بَقِيَّةُ خَيْرٍ حَتَّى لَقِيَا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ

Narrated `Aisha: On the day of the battle of Uhud when the pagans were defeated completely. Then Satan shouted loudly, “O Allah’s slaves! Beware the ones behind you!” So the front files turned back and started to kill them. Then Hudhaifa looked and saw his father, and said loudly, “O Allah’s slaves! My father! My father!” By Allah, they did not stop till they killed him (i.e. Hudaifa’s father). Hudhaifa (only) said, “May Allah forgive you!”

The sub-narrator ( Hisham’s father `Urwa) said, “By Allah, “Hudhaifa continued to say the good words Allah ( for the killers of his father) till he met Allah Azza wa Jalla.

مجھ سے اسماعیل بن خلیل نے بیان کیا ، کہا ہم سے سلمہ بن رجاء نے ، انہیں ہشام بن عروہ نے ، انہیں ان کے والد نے اور ان سے عائشہ رضی اللہ عنہا نے بیان کیا کہ احدکی لڑائی میں جب مشرکین ہارچکے تو ابلیس نے چلا کر کہا اے اللہ کے بندو ! پیچھے والوں کو ( قتل کرو ) چنانچہ آگے کے مسلمان پیچھے والوں پر پل پڑے اور انہیں قتل کرنا شروع کر دیا ، حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے جو دیکھا تو ان کے والد ( یمان رضی اللہ عنہ بھی وہیں موجود تھے انہوں نے پکار کر کہا اے اللہ کے بندو یہ تو میرے والد ہیں میرے والد ! عائشہ رضی اللہ عنہا نے بیان کیا اللہ کی قسم ! اس وقت تک لوگ وہاں سے نہیں ہٹے جب تک انہیں قتل نہ کر لیا ، حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ نے صرف اتنا کہا اللہ تمہاری مغفرت کرے ، ( ہشام نے بیان کیا کہ ) اللہ کی قسم ! حذیفہ رضی اللہ عنہ برابر یہ کلمہ دعائیہ کہتے رہے ( کہ اللہ ان کے والد پر حملہ کرنے والوں کو بخشے جو کہ محض غلط فہمی کی وجہ سے یہ حرکت کربیٹھے ) یہ دعا مرتے دم تک کرتے رہے ۔

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3824)

There was so much chaos after the mushrikin returned to the battlefield. And like it is said once the wheel starts rolling it is difficult to stop it, the muslims attacked Hudhayfahs father by accident and even though Hudhayfah stopped them, they did not.  The old man fell, killed in error by the swords of his own brothers in faith. They were filled with pain and remorse. Grieved as he was, Hudhayfah said to them: “May Allah forgive you for He is the most Merciful of those who show mercy.”It was a mistake, he forgave them and asked Allah to forgive them also! When we forgive others, we unburden ourselves actually.

Because of this attitude, Hudhayfah’s stature grew in the eyes of the Prophetﷺ.

His character and Noble qualities:

Hudhayfah had three qualities which particularly impressed the Prophet ﷺ; his unique intelligence which he employed in dealing with difficult situations; his quick-wittedness and spontaneous response to the call of action, and his ability to keep a secret even under persistent questioning.

Nothing was hidden in his life nor in his inner self. He was truthful and trustworthy. He liked the strong in righteousness and detested those who were not straightforward, i.e. the hypocrites and deceivers.

His role in Khandaq (Battle of Trench) and his Intelligence:

A noticeable way of the Prophet ﷺ was to bring out and use the special qualities and strengths of each individual companion of his. In deploying his companions, he was careful to choose the right man for the right task. This he did to excellent advantage in the case of Hudhayfah.

One of the most testing occasions, which required the use of Hudhayfah’s intelligence and his presence of mind, was during the Battle of the Trench. The Muslims on that occasion were surrounded by enemies. The siege they had been placed under had dragged on. The Muslims were undergoing severe hardship and difficulties. They had expended practically all their effort and were utterly exhausted. So intense was the strain that some even began to despair.

The Quraysh and their allies, meanwhile, were not much better off. Their strength and determination had been sapped. A violent wind overturned their tents, extinguished their fires and pelted their faces and eyes with gusts of sand and dust.

In such decisive moments in the history of warfare, the side that loses is the one that despairs first and the one that wins is the one that holds out longer. The role of army intelligence in such situations often proves to be a crucial factor in determining the outcome of the battle.

At this stage of the confrontation, the Prophet ﷺ felt he could use the special talents and experience of Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan. He decided to send Hudhayfah into the midst of the enemy’s positions under cover of darkness to bring him the latest information on their situation and morale before he decided on his next move.

Let us now leave Hudhayfah to relate what happened on this mission fraught with danger and even death.

۔۔۔۔ رَأَيْتُنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالْخَنْدَقِ وَصَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ اللَّيْلِ هَوِيٍّا ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَالَ مَنْ رَجُلٌ يَقُومُ فَيَنْظُرَ لَنَا مَا فَعَلَ الْقَوْمُ يَشْتَرِطُ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ يَرْجِعُ أَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ الْجَنَّةَ فَمَا قَامَ رَجُلٌ ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلمهَوِيٍّا مِنْ اللَّيْلِ ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَالَ مَنْ رَجُلٌ يَقُومُ فَيَنْظُرَ لَنَا مَا فَعَلَ الْقَوْمُ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ يَشْرِطُ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الرَّجْعَةَ أَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يَكُونَ رَفِيقِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَمَا قَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ الْقَوْمِ مَعَ شِدَّةِ الْخَوْفِ وَشِدَّةِ الْجُوعِ وَشِدَّةِ الْبَرْدِ فَلَمَّا لَمْ يَقُمْ أَحَدٌ دَعَانِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلمفَلَمْ يَكُنْ لِي بُدٌّ مِنْ الْقِيَامِ حِينَ دَعَانِي فَقَالَ يَا حُذَيْفَةُ فَاذْهَبْ فَادْخُلْ فِيُ الْقَوْمِ فَانْظُرْ مَا يَفْعَلُونَ وَلَا تُحْدِثَنَّ شَيْئًا حَتَّى تَأْتِيَنَا قَالَ فَذَهَبْتُ

[23334:مسنداحمد]

Hudhayfa b. Yamaan reported, we saw in Khandaq, that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ lead the people in Isha prayer late in the darkness of the night, he then turned to us and said, Who is it that will get up and go see what the people (enemy) are doing? Whoever it is will return and the Prophet ﷺ promised his safe return. (And said) Allah will make him enter paradise. But no one got up. After some part of the night had passed, the Prophet ﷺ again lead the people in prayer and turned towards us and asked, Who is it that will get up and go and see what the people are doing? He will return, and the Prophet ﷺ promised his safe return. (And said) I ask Allah that this person should be my close companion in Paradise.

But no one got up out of extreme fear, hunger, and severe cold. When nobody got up, the Prophet ﷺ called me. At that time I had no choice but to get up. He ﷺ said, O Hudhayfah! Go and see the situation of the enemy, and do nothing else until you return to me. So I went.

 This does not mean that the Iman of other Sahabah was not there. They were human, sometimes things are very tough, and we think others may be able to do the work better.

What happened to Hudhaifah that night was amazing. He covered the distance between the two armies and penetrated the surrounding enemy camp of the Quraish. A violent wind had put out the camp’s fires, so the place was enveloped in darkness. Hudhaifah took his place amidst the lines of the fighters. The leader of the Quraish, Abu Sufyaan, was afraid that darkness might surprise them with scouts from the Muslim camp. He stood to warn his army, and Hudhaifah heard his loud voice saying,

“O people of the Quraish, each one of you should know who is sitting next to him and should know his name.” Hudhaifah reports, “I hastened to the hand of the man next to me, and said to him, Who are you?

He said, `Such and such a person!'”

He therefore secured his being with the army in peace! Abu Sufyaan resumed his talk to the army, saying,

“O people of the Quraish, by Allah, you are not in a place to settle. The horses and the camels are exhausted. The tribe of Bani Quraidah has reneged on us and we learned about them what we hate, and we suffer from the violent wind as you see. No food can be cooked, no fire can blaze for us, and no structure can hold. You have to leave, for I am leaving.” He then mounted his camel and started moving, followed by the fighters.

Hudhaifah then returned to the Messenger ﷺ and gave him the information and happy news.

Most Knowledgeable regarding the times of Trial:

Hudhayfah lived in constant dread of evil and corrupting influences. He felt that goodness and the sources of good in this life were easy to recognize for those who desired good. But it was evil that was deceptive and often difficult to perceive and combat.

عن أَبی إِدْرِيس الْخَوْلَانِيُّ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنَ الْيَمَانِ يَقُولُ كَانَ النَّاسُ يَسْأَلُونَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ الْخَيْر  وَكُنْتُ أَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ الشَّرِّ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُدْرِكَنِي

Abu Idrees Khawlani narrated that he heared Hudhaifa bin Al-Yamaan, he used to say: The people used to ask Allah’s Messenger ﷺ about good, but I used to ask him about evil for fear that it might overtake me.

 [Sahih Al-Bukhari : 3606]

قال حذيفة :قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيَأتِيَنَّ على أمتي زمانٌ يتمنون فيه الدجال. قلتُ : يا رسول الله بأبي و أمي! مِمَّ ذَاكَ ؟!

[قال مما يَلْقونَ من العناء أوالضنا [ السلسلة الصحيحة :3090 

The Prophet ﷺ said, A time will come for my Ummah that they will wish for Dajjal. Hudhayfah asked, may my mother and father be sacrificed, why is that so? He said, because of difficulties and diseases.

Hudhayfah lbn Al-Yamaan lived open- eyed and insightful with regards to temptations and the paths of evil so that he might avoid them and warn people of them. This gave him insight of the world, experience with people, and knowledge of the times. He would contemplate matters in his mind as a philosopher would and with the sound judgment of a wise man.

The secret keeper of the Prophet ﷺ:

One of the gravest problems the Muslims of Madinah had to face was the existence in their midst of hypocrites (munafiqun) particularly from among the Jews and their allies. Although many of them had declared their acceptance of Islam, the change was only superficial and they continued to plot and intrigue against the Prophet and the Muslims.

Because of Hudhayfah’s ability to keep a secret, the Prophet ﷺ confided in him the names of the munafiqin. It was a weighty secret which the Prophet ﷺ did not disclose to any other of his companions. He gave Hudhayfah the task of watching the movements of the hypocrites, following their activities and shielding the Muslims from the sinister danger they represented. It was a tremendous responsibility. The hypocrites, because they acted in secrecy and because they knew all the developments and plans of the Muslims from within presented a greater threat to the community than the outright hostility of the kuffar.

From this time onwards. Hudhayfah was called “The Keeper of the Secret of the Messenger of Allah“. Throughout his life, he remained faithful to his pledge not to disclose the names of the hypocrites. After the death of the Prophet ﷺ, the Khalifah Umar RA often came- to him to seek his advice concerning their movements and activities but he remained tight-lipped and cautious.

وهو صاحب سر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في المنافقين ، لم يعلمهم أحد إلا حذيفة ؛ أعلمه بهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، وسأله عمر : أفي عمالي أحد من المنافقين ؟ قال : نعم ، واحد . قال : من هو ؟ قال : لا أذكرہ۔۔۔۔۔

He was the secret keeper of the Prophet ﷺ regarding the hypocrites. None knew them except Hudhayfah, and the Prophet ﷺ had told him about them. Umar RA asked him, Are any of my workers of the hypocrites? Hudhayfah replied yes, one of them. Umar asked, who is he? Hudhayfah said I will not tell you.

وكان عمر إذا مات رجل يسأل عن حذيفة ، فإن حضر الصلاة عليه صلى عليه عمر ، وإن لم يحضر حذيفة الصلاة عليه لم يحضر عمر.

[اسلام سوال جواب]

Whenever someone would pass away, Umar would enquire about Hudhayfah RA, if he participated in the janazah, Umar RA would also participate, and if Hudhayfah RA  did not participate, then Umar would not do so either.

There are few lessons for us to learn from Hudhyfah’s gentle character.

  • Do not discuss the corruption of others. It is concealed, let it remain concealed. Talk about good things, not the faults of others. If you talk about other’s good qualities, what will be the impact? There will be Motivation to do good.
  • Develop positive thinking. And if we choose to talk about other’s faults, what will be the impact? Horrible. Negative.
  • Also, it will be considered as backbiting (Gheebah) that is like eating the flesh of the dead – there will be negativity, uneasiness. So no matter what gathering you are in – phone, WhatsApp, living room, etc.  Always speak well.

His Eminence:

The Prophet’s ﷺ prayer for his forgiveness and for his mother:

عن حذيفة بن اليمان قال أتيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فصليت معه المغرب ، فلما فرغ صلى فلم يزل يصلي حتى صلى العشاء ثم خرج ، فتبعته ، قال : من هذا ؟ قلت حذيفة قال اللهم اغفر لحذيفة و لأمه

 [۲۵:السلسلة الصحيحة]

Hudhayfah RA narrated: I came to the Prophet ﷺ and prayed Maghrib with him. After salah the Prophet ﷺ began praying until it was Isha time. When the Prophet ﷺ ended the prayer and left, Hudhayfah said I followed him. The Prophet ﷺ asked, Who is it? [It was dark] He said, Hudhayfah. The Prophet ﷺ said, O Allah forgive Hudhayfah and his mother.

He did not disturb Prophet ﷺ in his prayer, waited for him to finish his Ibadah. When we see people praying, doing dhikr then let them complete it, if we stand in front of them and let them know we are waiting, they won’t be able to do it properly. Also, we should adopt the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ by supplicating for others in their presence or in their absence. Every time one makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: `Ameen!

Also, we should adopt the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ by supplicating for others in their presence or in their absence. Every time one makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says Ameen!

His status near Umar RA:

عن عمر رضي الله عنه أنه قال لأصحابه تمنوا فقال بعضهم أتمنى لو أن هذه الدار مملوءة ذهبا أنفقه في سبيل الله وأتصدق وقال رجل أتمنى لو أنها مملوءة زبرجدا وجوهرا فأنفقة في سبيل الله وأتصدق ثم قال عمر تمنوا فقالوا ما ندري يا أمير المؤمنين فقال عمر أتمنى لو أنها مملوءة رجالا مثل أبي عبيدة بن الجراح ومعاذ بن جبل وسالم مولى أبي حذيفة وحذيفة بن اليمان [مستدرک حاکم: 5005 ] ‘اسناده حسن

Once Umar RA was sitting with his companions and said, what do you wish for? One said I wish this house was full of gold so I could spend it in the way of Allah and give it in charity. Another said, I wish this house was filled with precious stones, so I could spend that in the way of Allah and give in charity. Umar asked, what else do you wish for? They said we do not know O Leader of the believers. Umar said, I wish this house was filled with men like Abu Ubaydah, Muadh bin Jabal and Salim Mawla of Abu Hudhayfah and Hudhayfah bin Yamaan, (so I would use them in Allah’s way).

Hudhayfah was made governor of important places like Kufa and Ctesiphon (al-Madain). When the news of his appointment as governor of Ctesiphon reached its inhabitants, crowds went out to meet and greet this famous companion of the Prophet of whose piety and righteousness they had heard so much. His great role in the conquests of Persia was already a legend.

As the welcoming party waited, a lean, somewhat scrawny man with dangling feet astride a donkey approached. In his hand, he held a loaf of bread and some salt and he ate as he went along. When the rider was already in their midst they realized that he was Hudhayfah, the governor for whom they were waiting. They could not contain their surprise. What manner of man was this! They could, however, be excused for not recognizing him for they were used to the style, the pomp and the grandeur of Persian rulers.

Hudhayfah carried on and people crowded around him. He saw they were expecting him to speak and he cast a searching look at their faces. Eventually, he said: “Beware of places of fitnah and intrigue.” “And what,” they asked, “are places of intrigue?” He replied: “The doors of the rulers where some people go and try to make the ruler or governor believe lies and praise him for (qualities) he does not possess.”

With these words, the people were prepared for what to expect from their new governor. They knew at once that there was nothing in the world that he disliked more than hypocrisy.

Death:

One day in the year A.H. 36 in Mada’in, he was called to meet his Lord. While he was getting ready for the last journey, some of his companions came to see him. He asked them, “Have you brought a shroud with you?” They said, “Yes.” He said, “Show it to me.” When he saw it, he found it was new and too long. One last sarcastic grin was drawn on his lips, and he said, “This is not a shroud for me. Two white wraps without a shirt are sufficient for me. I will not be left in the grave for a long time, but will be offered a better place or a worse one!

He then murmured a few words which, when they listened to them, they discerned the following: “Welcome O death! A dear thing coming after longing. The one who repents now prospers not.”

One of the best human souls was raised to Allah, one the most pious, illuminating, and humble spirits

Note: For ease of reading, we have not inserted “May Allah be pleased with him (R.A)” each time with Hudhayfah Ibn Al-Yamaan R.A name or the name of each Companion is mentioned, but please take it that the salutations apply to all of them, may Allah be pleased with them all.


 References:

  • Based on Notes and Lecture of Ustadhza Farhat Hashmi “Sahih Bukhari – Kitab ul Munaqib
  • Men around the Prophet ﷺ By Khalid Muhammad Khalid
  • Hayat e Sahaba Kai Darkhshan Phelu by Mahmood Ahmed Ghazanfar

     
     

AMMAR BIN YASIR رَضِی اللہُ عَنھُما

bismillah2

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

One of the companions who has several narrated merits pertaining to his faith, personality and resilience are ‘Ammar bin Yasir raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him). Ammar bin Yasir (radiyallahuan’huma) is one of the most famous Sahaba and was among the slaves freed by Abu Bakr RA. Ammar belonged to Banu Makhzum tribe and born in Makkah. His father, Yasir ibn Amir, was from the tribe of Qahtan in Yemen and migrated to Makkah and settled down there by marrying Sumayyah bint Khayyat, a slave woman; Ammar and his parents, Yasir and Sumayyah, were slaves to Abu Huzaifa, but upon his death, Abu Jahl -who became later one of Islam’s most brutal enemies, took them over as his slaves.

Abu Jahl killed his mother Sumayyah RA and she became the first martyr in the cause of Islam. There was none among the Immigrants whose mother and father had embraced Islam except for Ammar bin Yasir.

Name and Lineage:

 His full name was  Ammar bin Yasir Al-Aansi Al-Muzhaji  ﻋمار ﺑﻦ ﻳﺎﴎ اﻟﻌﻨسی المذﺣﺠﻲ . His Kunya was Abu al-Yaqzan اﺑﻮ اﻟﯿﻘﻈﺎن . He embraced Islam in childhood along with his father.

 ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻮن اﻻوﻟﻮن From the Foremost  

Ammar’s trust in and knowledge of Prophet ﷺ, even before his prophethood, encouraged him to follow Muhammad’s ﷺ prophetic visions as one of the earliest converts.
حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ الآمُلِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ مَعِينٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ مُجَالِدٍ، عَنْ بَيَانٍ، عَنْ وَبَرَةَ، عَنْ هَمَّامِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، قَالَ قَالَ عَمَّارُ بْنُ يَاسِرٍ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَا مَعَهُ إِلاَّ خَمْسَةُ أَعْبُدٍ وَامْرَأَتَانِ، وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ‏.‏

Narrated `Ammar bin Yasir: I saw Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) , and the only converts (to Islam) with him, were five slaves, two women and Abu Bakr.

عمار بن یاسر رضی اللہ عنہما نے کہا کہ میں نے رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو اس حالت میں بھی دیکھا ہے جب آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے ساتھ پانچ غلام ، دو عورتوں اور ابوبکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہم کے سوا اور کوئی ( مسلمان ) نہیں تھا ۔

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3857)

Ammar bin Yasir’s other slave companions were Suhaib RA and Bilal RA

[وَسُبِيَ عَمَّارٌ وَصُهَيْبٌ وَبِلَالٌ [باب ، صحیح البخاری

`Ammar, Suhaib, and Bilal were imprisoned.

One who suffered a great deal in the way of Islam:

The Makhzum clan used to take out Ammar bin Yasir with his father and mother in the heat of the day and expose them to excessively hot environment of Makkah and torture them in the scorches of the open fire, and Prophet ﷺ used to pass by them and say,

(عن جابر : أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مر بعمار وأهله وهم يعذبون فقال (أبشروا آل عمار وآل ياسر فإن موعدكم الجنة 

[صحيح السيرة النبوية – الألباني]

Jabir reported that once the Messenger of Allah (s) passed by Ammar and his family while they were being tortured, he said: “Rejoice o family of Ammar and family of Yasir! for you are promised paradise.”

Eventually, Ammar was tortured until he did not know what he was saying, persecution has reached its extent! The Prophet ﷺ said, “O Abu Yaqdhan, be patient!

Migration:

After much persecution, Ammar with other companions migrated to Abyssinia finding protection under a just Christian king though ibn Ishaq disputes that he was one of those companions in Abyssinia. He later migrated with other companions to Madinah making him within a select group of companions that made two migrations for the sake of Allah SWT.

وَالَّذِينَ هَاجَرُوا فِي اللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا ظُلِمُوا لَنُبَوِّئَنَّهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً ۖ وَلَأَجْرُ الْآخِرَةِ أَكْبَرُ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ

And those who emigrated for [the cause of] Allah after they had been wronged – We will surely settle them in this world in a good place; but the reward of the Hereafter is greater, if only they could know.

[Surah Nahl : 41]

(247/3شهد عمار بدرا ، والمشاهد كلها مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهاجر إلى أرض الحبشة ، ثم إلى المدينة . (سير أعلام النبلا  

Ammar RA participated in all battles including Badr, he first migrated to Habashah and then to Madinah.

أَنْبَأَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ سَمِعَ الْبَرَاءَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ وَابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا عَمَّارُ
[ بْنُ يَاسِرٍ وَبِلَالٌ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ [صحیح البخاری: 3924

Narrated Abu Ishaq that I heared Bara (bin `Azib): The first people who came to us (in Medina) were Mus`ab bin `Umar and Ibn Um Maktum. Then came to us `Ammar bin Yasir and Bilal.

Important achievements

Ammar RA also has the honor to participate in the battle of Badr, and Uhud. He was of one of those beloved companions who took Bay’ah Ridwan (Pledge of Ridwan) was a pledge that was sworn to the Prophet ﷺ by his Sahaba (companions) prior to the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah (6 AH). The pledge, sworn under a tree, was to avenge the rumored death of Uthman ibn Affan RA.

At the time of Abu Bakr’s RA caliphate, Ammar RA took part in the Battle of Yamamah to eliminate the threat of Musaylamah al-Kaddhab. He was also appointed as Ameer of Kufah in the caliphate of Umar bin Khattab RA.

The command to follow his way:

Ammar RA was blessed with best qualities that Rasoolullah ﷺ commanded us to follow his distinctive character.

[اقتدوا باللذين من بعدي من أصحابي أبي بكر وعمر واهتدوا بهدي عمار وتمسكوا بعهد ابن مسعود [السلسلة الصحيحة: 1233

The Messenger of Allahﷺ said: “Follow the two after me from my Companions, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. And act upon the character of ‘Ammar, and hold fast to the covenant of Ibn Mas’ud.”

Good character consists of defining your values and integrity based on time-tested principles and self-reflection and having the courage to live your life accordingly. As a Muslim, we believe whatever Prophet ﷺ has suggested is for our own benefit. We Muslims ask in our daily prayers that may Allah SWT keep us on the path of those whom Allah favored, Ammar bin Yasir RA was one of those whom Allah favored.

His Great Status:

Once there was a dispute between Ammar and Khalid b. Waleed, he said something harsh to Ammar RA, so he approached Prophet ﷺ and related whole incident. Prophet ﷺ asked Khalid RA, and he admitted his guilt. He ﷺ said:

عَنِ الْأَشْتَرِ قَالَ كَانَ بَيْنَ عَمَّارٍ وَبَيْنَ خَالِدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ كَلَامٌ فَشَكَاهُ عَمَّارٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّهُ مَنْ يُعَادِ عَمَّارًا يُعَادِهِ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ يُبْغِضْهُ يُبْغِضْهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ يَسُبَّهُ يَسُبَّهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ۔۔۔

[مسند احمد: 16821]

Whoever keeps enmity for Ammar, Allah will be his enemy. He who who hates Ammar then Allah will hate him. He who abuses him verbally, Allah will do the same to him.

Khalid said when I left nothing was dearer to me than to please Ammar b. Yasir. So I met him and made him happy.

Dear readers, it is worth to note that difference and disputes happen as its human nature, and much good can come from conflict and differences. But in some situations our nafs becomes arrogant and while knowing that the other party is right, one continues to dispute. Sometimes shaytan comes in. So do not delay in resolving the conflict.  If you are wrong, quickly admit it and take responsibility. Even if you’re NOT wrong, at least give them the benefit of the doubt, “I may be wrong, let’s look at the facts together.” It’s hard to argue with that!

His strength in Iman:

أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، وَعَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي عَمَّارٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُرَحْبِيلَ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مُلِئَ عَمَّارٌ إِيمَانًا إِلَى مُشَاشِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from ‘Amr bin Shurahbil,: That one of the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ said: “The Messenger of Allah [ﷺ] said: ‘Ammar’s heart overflows with Faith.'”

[Sunan an-Nasa’i 5007]

[1]  Manaawi Rahimullah said it means, Iman had mixed with his flesh blood and bones and has blended with him such that it shall never leave. And this quality can only be in the one whom Allah has protected against the shaytan.

He was upon the fitrah:

[ أبو اليقظان على الفطرة، لا يدَعُها حتى يموت، أو يمسَّهُ الهرم).. [السلسلة الصحيحة: 3216)

The Messenger of Allahﷺ said: Abu Al Yaqzan (Ammar bin yasir) is upon Fitra and he will not leave it until death or extreme old age.

The Prophet’s  ﷺ praise for him:

 عَنْ عَلِيٍّ قَالَ جَاءَ عَمَّارٌ يَسْتَأْذِنُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّصلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ائْذَنُوا لَهُ مَرْحَبًا بِالطَّيِّبِ الْمُطَيَّبِ

[سنن ترمذی: 3798]

Narrated ‘Ali: that ‘Ammar bin Yasir came seeking permission to enter upon the Prophet ﷺ so he said: ‘Permit him, greetings to the pure one, the purified.”

أَبُو نَوْفَلِ بْنُ أَبِي عَقْرَبٍ قَالَ جَزِعَ عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ جَزَعًا شَدِيدًا فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ ابْنُهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَمْرٍو قَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مَا هَذَا الْجَزَعُ وَقَدْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُدْنِيكَ وَيَسْتَعْمِلُكَ قَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ قَدْ كَانَ ذَلِكَ وَسَأُخْبِرُكَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ إِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا أَدْرِي أَحُبٍّا ذَلِكَ كَانَ أَمْ تَأَلُّفًا يَتَأَلَّفُنِي وَلَكِنِّي أَشْهَدُ عَلَى رَجُلَيْنِ أَنَّهُ قَدْ فَارَقَ الدُّنْيَا وَهُوَ يُحِبُّهُمَا ابْنُ سُمَيَّةَ وَابْنُ أُمِّ عَبْدٍ فَلَمَّا حَدَّثَهُ وَضَعَ يَدَهُ مَوْضِعَ الْغِلَالِ مِنْ ذَقْنِهِ وَقَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَمَرْتَنَا فَتَرَكْنَا وَنَهَيْتَنَا فَرَكِبْنَا وَلَا
[ يَسَعُنَا إِلَّا مَغْفِرَتُكَ وَكَانَتْ تِلْكَ هِجِّيرَاهُ حَتَّى مَاتَ [مسند احمد: 1781

When Amr b. al-As was near his death, he was in extreme worry. When his son Abdullah saw him in that condition he asked O AbuAbdullah, What is this worry? While the Prophet ﷺ kept you close to himself, and assigned you different tasks? He said, O my son, This is true however let me tell you, by Allah I do not know whether he ﷺ dealt with me in this manner out of love for me, or out of the intention to soften my heart [ta’leeful qalb]. Though I can testify that the Prophet ﷺ loved two people until he passed away, one was the son of Sumayya (i.e., Ammar) and the other was the son of Umm Abd (i.e., Abdullah b. Masud). After this he placed his hand under his chin and said, O Allah, You commanded us and we abandoned Your command! You forbade us and we continued, and nothing but Your forgiveness can cover us. He kept repeating these words until he passed away.

What a great example of humbleness!  Iman makes a person humble. He doesn’t look at his good deeds / qualities in admiration, rather he is worried about his deficiencies and faults. Ask yourself – who am I? What do I think of myself? What do I see in myself? Only good, or some faults also? Or do I not even think about myself? Too busy to analyze me critically. Always remember, good people keep themselves accountable. We say very often, ‘Im so bad!’ – but do we mean it? The Sad fact is, We don’t check our faults very often, realize our mistakes, and when don’t, we cannot correct ourselves. It is similar that if we don’t see the mess and dirt in our house, we will not clean it. So, we need to identify our faults and work on them for the improvement.

Allah says about the Sahabah, that He has beautified Iman in their hearts, or adorned their hearts with Iman. Everyone else likes to beautify their hearts, but it requires efforts and determination that Sahabah RA had.

His Character and noble Qualities

Sometimes, when faced with a choice between two options, the better of the two is obvious. These are easy situations to deal with: one simply chooses the option that will be the most beneficial (or least harmful, as the case may be). But what about situations in which the right decision is less obvious? In these circumstances making a decision can be difficult, sometimes so difficult that we are paralyzed by indecision and allow unwanted outcomes to befall us.[1] .

Ammar RA had a great inner vision and  his decisions were on correct intuition.

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ عَمَّارٌ مَا عُرِضَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرَانِ إِلاَّ اخْتَارَ الأَرْشَدَ مِنْهُمَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Aishah RA said: ‘The Messenger of Allah said: ”Ammar- no two things were shown to him but he chose the better of the two.”
[Sunan Ibn Majah: 148]

One who desired Allah’s approval and the home of the hereafter

عن قيس بن أبي حازم قال: قال عبد الله ما أعلم أحد أخرج في الفتنة يريد به وجه الله تعالى والدار الآخرة إلا عمار  بن ياسر

 [مستدرک حاکم: 5686]

Abdullah said, I do not know anyone who has survived a great tribulation and he wanted only Allah’s approval and the home of the hereafter, except for Ammar bin Yasir.

One who desired his reward from Allah alone

عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ أَنَّ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ لَهُ وَلِابْنِهِ عَلِيٍّ انْطَلِقَا إِلَى أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ فَاسْمَعَا مِنْ حَدِيثِهِ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْنَا فَإِذَا هُوَ فِي حَائِطٍ لَهُ فَلَمَّا رَآنَا أَخَذَ رِدَاءَهُ فَجَاءَنَا فَقَعَدَ فَأَنْشَأَ يُحَدِّثُنَا حَتَّى أَتَى عَلَى ذِكْرِ بِنَاءِ الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَ كُنَّا نَحْمِلُ لَبِنَةً لَبِنَةً وَعَمَّارُ بْنُ يَاسرٍ يَحْمِلُ لَبِنَتَيْنِ لَبِنَتَيْنِ قَالَ فَرَآهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَجَعَلَ يَنْفُضُ التُّرَابَ عَنْهُ وَيَقُولُ يَا عَمَّارُ أَلَا تَحْمِلُ  لَبِنَةً كَمَا يَحْمِلُ أَصْحَابُكَ قَالَ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ الْأَجْرَ مِنْ اللَّهِ ۔۔۔

[مسند احمد: 11861]

Ikrimah reported that Ibn Abbas told him and to his son Ali to go to Abu Saed Khudriy to listen to hadith from him. So we both went and he was in his garden and when he saw us he took his shawl and came and sat with us. He began narrating hadith to us and mentioned the construction of the Masjid. He said we would carry one brick at a time, and Ammar bin Yasir would carry two bricks at a time. The Prophet ﷺ saw him do that so he began removing dust from his head and said, O Ammar will you not carry one brick like your companions? He said I desire reward from Allah.

ُHere few things are required to reflect that Ibn Masud sent his son to sit in a gathering of hadith. This was always the way of the righteous. It is Allah’s blessing on us if we get to sit in a gathering of hadith and Quran. Secondly, When we want reward from Allah, then we will not consider our work to be a mere job.

One who remembered the instruction of the Prophet ﷺ

The Sunnah of the Prophetﷺ is a ship of salvation and a haven of safety. The Prophet ﷺ urged us to adhere to it and not neglect it. We can see in the character of Ammar RA that he was a true follower and he had the sound understanding of faith.
حَدَّثَنِي سُرَيْجُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ أَبْجَرَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ وَاصِلِ بْنِ حَيَّانَ، قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو وَائِلٍ خَطَبَنَا عَمَّارٌ فَأَوْجَزَ وَأَبْلَغَ فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ قُلْنَا يَا أَبَا الْيَقْظَانِ لَقَدْ أَبْلَغْتَ وَأَوْجَزْتَ فَلَوْ كُنْتَ تَنَفَّسْتَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ إِنَّ طُولَ صَلاَةِ الرَّجُلِ وَقِصَرَ خُطْبَتِهِ مَئِنَّةٌ مِنْ فِقْهِهِ فَأَطِيلُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَاقْصُرُوا الْخُطْبَةَ وَإِنَّ مِنَ الْبَيَانِ سِحْرًا ‏”‏ ‏.‏
Abu Wa’il reported: Ammar delivered to us the sermon. It was short and eloquent. When he descended (from the pulpit) we said to him: 0 Abd al-Yaqzan, you have delivered a short and eloquent sermon. Would that you had lengthened (the sermon). He said: I have heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: The lengthening of prayer by a man and the shortness of the sermon is the sign of his understanding (of faith). So lengthen the prayer and shorten the sermon, for there is charm (in precise) expression.
[Sahih Muslim: 869]

We should develop a habit of talking less with effective words. So that listener can focus on what is said and learns from it.

His Intelligence

 “.قال الشعبي: ” سئل عمار، عن مسألة فقال: هل كان هذا بعد ؟ ، قالوا: لا، قال : فدعونا حتى يكون ، فإذ ا كان تجشمناه لكم ”

 [(256 /3)سير أعلام النبلاء]

Ammar b. Yasir was asked about a matter, so he asked, has this occurred? They said not yet. He said, then leave me until it happens, when it will occur we will let you know what to do.

Hypothetical questions- are typically too difficult for respondents since they require more scrutiny. Avoid asking these types of questions because Hypothetical questions generate hypothetical answers, which do not provide clear, consistent data, representing the real opinion. That’s why it is not intelligent to delve into such discussions.

His Simplicity

“.[(256 /3وقال عبد الله بن أبي الهذيل :” رأيت عمارا اشترى قتا بدرهم وحمله على ظهره وهو أمير الكوفة  [ سير أعلام النبلاء 

Abdullah b. Abi Hudhayl narrated: I saw Ammar purchasing some food with one dirham and then he carried it on his back, and at the time he was the Ameer of Kufah.

Humility is a great attribute of companions of Prophet ﷺ. We saw in the life of Ibn Umar RA as well that he built his house without any help. Similarly, Ammar RA also carried his own food.

Hence, Simplicity and Humility are the two greatest virtues of life and the key for one to be successful and be genuinely loved and respected by people of all ages, caste, creed, religion, race, generations, etc. These virtues always keep you Grounded and prevent you from being Arrogant.

One who spoke little

وقال أبو نوفل بن أبي عقرب كان عمار بن ياسر قليل الكلام طويل السكوت
[(256 /3) سيرأعلام النبلاء] 

Ammar bin Yasir spoke little and observed silence for long

We’ve been blessed with a very precious gift of talking. The gift of being able to express our feelings, emotions, ideas or plans. But, alas, as with every gift, overusing it may lead to unexpected results. Important is do not speak of that which does not concern you, and guard your tongue like you guard your money. When you speak less, you do more. It’s obvious. Your focus switches from talking to doing.

His death

He received the good news of martyrdom from the Prophet ﷺ and died in the battle of Siffeen.

 عَن أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلمأَبْشِرْ عَمَّارُ تَقْتُلُكَ الْفِئَةُ الْبَاغِيَةُ

[ السلسلة الصحيحة : 710 ]

Narrated Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ عنہ that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه) said: O Ammar! Glad tidings, a group of rebels would kill you.

۔۔۔۔۔۔۔ وَعَمَّارٌ لَبِنَتَيْنِ لَبِنَتَيْنِ، فَرَآهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَيَنْفُضُ التُّرَابَ عَنْهُ وَيَقُولُ ‏ “‏ وَيْحَ عَمَّارٍ تَقْتُلُهُ الْفِئَةُ الْبَاغِيَةُ، يَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ، وَيَدْعُونَهُ إِلَى النَّارِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ  يَقُولُ عَمَّارٌ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الْفِتَنِ‏.‏

Narrated from Abu Sa ‘eed al-Khudri, in the report about the building of the mosque (in Madinah), that he said: We would carry one brick at a time, but  ‘Ammaar would carry two bricks at a time. The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) saw him and brushed the dust from him, saying: “Woe to ‘Ammaar; he will be killed by the transgressing group; he will be calling them to Paradise and they will be calling him to Hell”. ‘Ammaar said: I seek refuge with Allah from tribulation.

[Sahih Al-Bukhari :447]

[2] What is meant by calling to Paradise in this hadith is calling to the means of attaining it, which is obedience to the caliph (Ameer al-Mu’mineen), and what is meant by calling to Hell is calling to that which leads to it, which is opposing the caliph and rebelling against him. But whoever did that on the basis of ijtihad and valid interpretation is excused.

Ibn Battaal (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

The words “he will be calling them to Paradise and they will be calling him to Hell” can only be correctly applied to the Khawaarij to whom ‘Ali RA sent ‘Ammaar to call them to join the jamaa‘ah (main body of the Muslims); they cannot be correctly applied to any of the Sahaabah, because it is not possible for any of the Muslims to interpret any of their actions except in the best manner, because they were the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, whom Allah praised and testified to their virtue, and said (interpretation of the meaning): You  are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind”. [Aal ‘Imraan 3:110].

 استشهد يوم صفين وله إحدى وتسعون سنة وقيل أربع وتسعون عام 37 ه. حمله علي بن أبي طالب فوق صدره وصلى عليه والمسلمون معه, ثم دفنه في ثيابه

He passed away in Siffeen battle, at the age of 91 or 93. Ali RA carried him on his chest and prayed for him with the Muslims, and buried him in the clothes he was wearing.

What is required is to think positively of those whom Allah chose to accompany His Prophet ﷺ: for they are the best companions of the best Prophet, and it is not permissible to say anything of them but the highest words of praise; if anyone criticises them, then this gives rise to suspicion about the sincerity of his religious commitment.

 Note: For ease of reading, we have not inserted “May Allah be pleased with him (R.A)” each time with; Ammar Ibn Yasir R.A name or the name of each Companion is mentioned, but please take it that the salutations apply to all of them, may Allah be pleased with them all.


 References:

VIRTUES OF ABDULLAH IBN OMAR RA

bismillah2 copy

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

مَنَاقِبِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا

We already have studied the biography of Abdullah Bin Omar R.A in another post. So today we will discuss insha’Allah his virtues with reference to Sahih Al-Bukhari from Kitab ul Munaqib.

حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ كَانَ الرَّجُلُ فِي حَيَاةِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا رَأَى رُؤْيَا قَصَّهَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم، فَتَمَنَّيْتُ أَنْ أَرَى رُؤْيَا أَقُصُّهَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم، وَكُنْتُ غُلاَمًا أَعْزَبَ، وَكُنْتُ أَنَامُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرَأَيْتُ فِي الْمَنَامِ كَأَنَّ مَلَكَيْنِ أَخَذَانِي فَذَهَبَا بِي إِلَى النَّارِ، فَإِذَا هِيَ مَطْوِيَّةٌ كَطَىِّ الْبِئْرِ، فَإِذَا لَهَا قَرْنَانِ كَقَرْنَىِ الْبِئْرِ، وَإِذَا
فِيهَا نَاسٌ قَدْ عَرَفْتُهُمْ، فَجَعَلْتُ أَقُولُ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ النَّارِ، أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ النَّارِ‏.‏ فَلَقِيَهُمَا مَلَكٌ آخَرُ فَقَالَ لِي لَنْ تُرَاعَ‏.‏ فَقَصَصْتُهَا عَلَى حَفْصَةَ‏.‏
 
فَقَصَّتْهَا حَفْصَةُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ نِعْمَ الرَّجُلُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، لَوْ كَانَ يُصَلِّي بِاللَّيْلِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ سَالِمٌ فَكَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ لاَ يَنَامُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً‏.‏
 
Narrated Ibn Omar: If a man saw a dream during the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) he would narrate it to the Prophet. Once I wished to see a dream and narrate it to the Prophet (ﷺ) I was young, unmarried and used to sleep in the Mosque during the lifetime of the Prophet. I dreamt that two angels took me and went away with me towards the (Hell) Fire which looked like a well with the inside walls built up and had two side-walls like those of a well. There I saw some people in it whom I knew. I started saying, “I seek Refuge with Allah from the (Hell) Fire, I seek Refuge with Allah from the (Hell) Fire.” Then another angel met the other two and said to me, “Do not be afraid.” I narrated my dream to Hafsa (R.A) who, in her turn, narrated it to the Prophet(ﷺ) . He said, “What an excellent man `Abdullah is if he only observes the night prayer.” Salim, (a sub-narrator) said, “Abdullah used not to sleep at night but very little henceforward.”
(Sahih Al-Bukhari 3738 -3739)
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ أُخْتِهِ، حَفْصَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لَهَا ‏ “‏ إِنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ رَجُلٌ صَالِحٌ ‏”
 Salim reported from Ibn Omar from his sister Hafsa RA, that the Prophet (ﷺ) had said to her, Abdullah is a pious man.”
(Sahih Al-Bukhari 3740)

What did we learn from above Ahadith?

– We see how positively  Prophet ﷺ spoke about Abdullah bin Omar RA before advising him, even though the dream was very      frightening. A positive talk helps others to overcome their anxiety.

–  Abdullah b. Omar RA changed himself as soon he heard Prophet’s ﷺ advice. Sahabah were honest in their ‘Sami’nawaata’naa (We have heard and obeyed)

– Also, we have seen the importance of Tahujjud (night) prayer in the hadith.  The best prayer after fard is tahajjud. Similarly, Duha prayer (The Supererogatory Morning Prayer) also carries immense rewards. It is also called Sharuq prayer (the only difference is of timings).

– Do you know that every prostration increase ranks of the person? the more you prostrate, the more you raise your ranks in paradise insha’Allah until we reach the highest level, Jannat Al-Firdaws (Paradise).

–  Secondly, it helps to deal with depression and opposition as well.  When Prophet ﷺ was criticized by his opponents, Allah SWT advised His Messenger:

 “And We already know that your breast is constrained by what they say. So exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate [to Him].”

(Surah Al-Hijr: 97-98)

– These prostrations will help you to get rid of the constriction you feel in your heart: any emotional, psychological suffering. Moreover,  Allah SWT will put respect for you in the hearts of those who are special to Him SWT. He got the love in the court of Allah SWT, in the court of angels and on the earth Allah SWT will put love and respect for him in the hearts of his beloved slaves.

What is required on our side?

To Strengthen our relationship with Allah: correct your relationship with Allah, and Allah will correct all your affairs. Do as it is described in Quran and demonstrated by RasoolAllah ﷺ .


References:

ABDULLAH BIN OMAR

bismillah2

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Abdullah ibn Umar was born in Mecca one year before the Prophethood of Muhammad ﷺ۔ He was the son of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Zaynab bint Madhun.His full siblings were Hafsa  R.A (wife of Prophet ﷺ) and Abdulrahman.

Name and Lineage:

 His full name was  Abdullah bin Omar bin Al-Khattab Al-Qureshi Al-Ad’wi عبد الله بن عمر بن الخطاب القرشي العدوي . His Kunya was Abu Abdur Rahman أبوعبد الرحمن . He embraced Islam in childhood along with his father.

First Battle:

 صغار صحابی – Of the younger companions: Abdullah Ibn Umar RA determination to fight for the course of Islam begins at the tender age of 13 years old. He first presented himself for the battle of Badr, not allowed then came for the battle of Uhud, but again Prophet ﷺ sent him back due to his young age.

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي نَافِعٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي ابْنُ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَرَضَهُ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ وَهْوَ ابْنُ أَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ سَنَةً، فَلَمْ يُجِزْنِي، ثُمَّ عَرَضَنِي يَوْمَ الْخَنْدَقِ وَأَنَا ابْنُ خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ فَأَجَازَنِي‏.‏

Narrated Ibn `Umar رضی اللہ عنہماthat Allah’s Messenger ﷺ called me to present myself in front of him on the eve of the battle of Uhud, while I was fourteen years of age, and he did not allow me to take part in that battle, but he called me in front of him on the eve of the battle of the Trench when I was fifteen years old, and he allowed me (to join the battle).”

ہم سے عبداللہ بن سعید نے بیان کیا ، کہا کہ ہم سے ابواسامہ نے بیان کیا ، کہا کہ مجھ سے عبیداللہ نے بیان کیا ، کہا کہ مجھ سے نافع نے بیان کیا ، انہوں نے کہا کہ ہم سے عبداللہ بن عمر رضی اللہ عنہما نے بیان کیا کہ احد کی لڑائی کے موقع پر وہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے سامنے ( جنگ پر جانے کے لیے ) پیش ہوئے تو انہیں اجازت نہیں ملی ، اس وقت ان کی عمر چودہ سال تھی ۔ پھر غزوہ خندق کے موقع پر پیش ہوئے تو اجازت مل گئی ۔ اس وقت ان کی عمر پندرہ سال تھی ۔

(Sahih al-Bukhari 2664)

You would be thinking that Ibn Omar would have very extraordinary potential. You are not completely wrong, but it is also note-worthy that any fourteen or fifteen-year-olds who develops strong relationships and receives adequate opportunities can have a sense of hopeful purpose, express caring values, also can actively be engaged at school, home etc. It can slowly make one able to take on leadership roles.
As a parent,  we  should not pity them and let them waste the time. We should motivate them by recognizing their potential. When they finally understand how something benefits them, they will do it long term. If the reason your child does something is only because it’s important to you, that is short term motivation and that will end. The reason also needs to be important to your child, not just important to you. Ibn Omar was persistently presenting himself for the battles as he knew benefits. Finally, he got permission to join the ranks of the men not only for the digging of the trench but for the battle when it came.

The way how we treat our children does affect them, we see how gentle Prophet ﷺ was with everyone. His way of teaching was effective and influential. The Prophet would not speak in a way that would break anybody’s heart۔

Mujahid reported that Ibn Omar was present at the occasion of the Conquest of Makkah, he was twenty years old at that time. He had a stubborn horse and a heavy spear, so he went to cut some grass for his horse (while cutting grass in Makkah is forbidden), so the Messenger of Allah ﷺ (lovingly stopped him), that O Abdullah, O Abdullah!

(Musnand Ahmed: 4600)

His Great Status:

From the time of his Hijrah till the time of his death more than seventy years later, Abdullah ibn Omar distinguished himself in the service of Islam and was regarded among Muslims as “the Good One, son of the Good One”. He was known for his knowledge, humility, generosity, piety, truthfulness, and his constancy in acts of Ibadah.

حَدَّثَنَا مُعَلَّى بْنُ أَسَدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ فِي الْمَنَامِ كَأَنَّ فِي يَدِي سَرَقَةً مِنْ حَرِيرٍ لاَ أَهْوِي بِهَا إِلَى مَكَانٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ إِلاَّ طَارَتْ بِي إِلَيْهِ، فَقَصَصْتُهَا عَلَى حَفْصَةَ‏.‏ فَقَصَّتْهَا حَفْصَةُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّ أَخَاكِ رَجُلٌ صَالِحٌ ‏”‏‏.‏ أَوْ قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ رَجُلٌ صَالِحٌ ‏”‏‏.‏

I saw in a dream a piece of silken cloth in my hand, and in whatever direction in Paradise I waved it, it flew, carrying me there. I narrated this (dream) to (my sister) Hafsa and she told it to the Prophet (ﷺ) who said, (to Hafsa), “Indeed, your brother is a righteous man,” or, “Indeed, `Abdullah is a righteous man.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 7015, 7016)

His Knowledge:

A scholar and jurist: 

كان من فقهاء الصحابة ومتقيهم وزهادهم  He was of the knowledgeable, righteous, ascetic Companions.

وكان أحد العبادلة الأربعة المشهود لهم بالفضل والعلم، حتى أن اجتماعهم على رأى يعد حجة ويقال فيه:هذا قول العبادلة

(لمحات تربوية من سيرة الصحابي عبد الله بن عمر)

Abdullah bin Omar was one of the four famous ‘Abadilah’ (i.e., Abdullah b. Omar, Abdullah b. Abbas, Abdullah b. Mas’ud and Abdullah b. Amr b. Aas), whose knowledge and excellence is established, so much so that their agreement over a matter is considered proof and it was said,‘This is the statement of the Abadilah)

وهو من المكثرين من رواية الحديث عن النبي ﷺ، روى ألفاً وستمائة  وثلاثين حديثاً عن رسول الله تفرد البخاري منها بنحو من ثمانين حديثاً، ومسلم بنحو واحد وثلاثين حديثاً.

[ترجمة عبد الله بن عمر رضي لله عنه]

He is of those who narrated many ahadith from the Prophet ﷺ  i.e 1630 ahadith. In Bukhari alone, there are 80 narrations, and in Muslim, there are 31. Abdullah was extremely cautious, even afraid, of reporting the sayings of the Prophet. He would only relate a hadith if he was completely sure that he remembered every word of it.

Similarly, he was extremely cautious and reluctant to make legal judgments (fatwas).’ Once someone came to him asking for a judgment on a particular matter and Abdullah ibn Umar replied: “I have no knowledge of what you ask.” The man went on his way and Abdullah clapped his hands in glee and said to himself: “The son of Umar was asked about what he does not know and he said: I do not know.”

The people used to feel at ease with his legal verdicts, because Abdullah Ibn Umar RA was so strict in following what Rasulullah ﷺ had said and when delivering verdicts, he would always refer to the Book of Allah SWT and if he did not find what he wanted, he would refer to Sunnah of Rasulullah ﷺ and if he did not find what he sought there, he would refer to the juristic reasoning of the Companions, and he would follow them if they were unanimous in their view. However, if they differed, he would choose from among their opinions what seemed right to him.

Because of this attitude, he was reluctant to be a judge (qadi) even though he was well qualified to be one. The position of qadi was one of the most important and esteemed offices in the Muslim society and state bringing with it an honor, glory and even riches but he declined this position when it was offered him by the Khalifah Uthman. His reason for so doing was not that he underestimated the importance of the position of qadi but because of his fear of committing errors of judgment in matters pertaining to Islam. Uthman R.A made him agree not to disclose his decision lest it might influence the many other companions of the Prophet who actually performed the duties of judges.

A great Follower of Prophet  اِتباعِ رسول ﷺ :

عن عائشة قالت ما كان أحد يتبع آثار النبي ﷺ في منازله كما كان يتبعه بن عمر۔ 

Aisha R.A reported, “No one followed the Messenger of Allah (s) in his footsteps like Ibn Omar”.

[طبقات ابن سعد]

Abdullah Ibn Umar RA, continued to demonstrate his love for Rasulullah ﷺafter his demised and whenever Rasulullah ﷺ was mentioned, his eyes would fill with tears; Asim bin Muhammad Al-Amri RA narrated from his father that he said: ”Whenever l heard Abdullah Ibn Umar RA mention Rasulullah ﷺ, he would weep.

We can see with the following hadith that he was very keen observer. He was always eager to know about the actions of Prophet ﷺ

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ، فَدَعَا عُثْمَانَ بْنَ طَلْحَةَ، فَفَتَحَ الْبَابَ، فَدَخَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبِلاَلٌ وَأُسَامَةُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ وَعُثْمَانُ بْنُ طَلْحَةَ، ثُمَّ أُغْلِقَ الْبَابُ، فَلَبِثَ فِيهِ سَاعَةً ثُمَّ خَرَجُوا‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ فَبَدَرْتُ فَسَأَلْتُ بِلاَلاً فَقَالَ صَلَّى فِيهِ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَىٍّ قَالَ بَيْنَ الأُسْطُوَانَتَيْنِ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ فَذَهَبَ عَلَىَّ أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ كَمْ صَلَّى‏.‏
 Ibn `Umar said, “The Prophet (ﷺ) arrived at Mecca and sent for `Uthman bin Talha. He opened the gate of the Ka`ba and the Prophet, Bilal, Usama bin Zaid and `Uthman bin Talha entered the Ka`ba and then they closed its door (from inside). They stayed there for an hour, and then came out.” Ibn `Umar added, “I quickly went to Bilal and asked him (whether the Prophet (ﷺ) had prayed). Bilal replied, ‘He prayed in it.’ I asked, ‘Where?’ He replied, ‘Between the two pillars.’ “Ibn `Umar added, “I forgot to ask how many rak`at he (the Prophet) had prayed in the Ka`ba.”
ہم سے ابوالنعمان محمد بن فضل اور قتیبہ بن سعید نے بیان کیا کہ ہم سے حماد بن زید نے ایوب سختیانی کے واسطہ سے ، انھوں نے نافع سے ، انھوں نے عبداللہ بن عمر رضی اللہ عنہما سے کہ نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم جب مکہ تشریف لائے ( اور مکہ فتح ہوا ) تو آپ نے عثمان بن طلحہ رضی اللہ عنہ کو بلوایا ۔ ( جو کعبہ کے متولی ، چابی بردار تھے ) انھوں نے دروازہ کھولا تو نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ، بلال ، اسامہ بن زید اور عثمان بن طلحہ چاروں اندر تشریف لے گئے ۔ پھر دروازہ بند کر دیا گیا اور وہاں تھوڑی دیر تک ٹھہر کر باہر آئے ۔ ابن عمر رضی اللہ عنہما نے فرمایا کہ میں نے جلدی سے آگے بڑھ کر بلال سے پوچھا ( کہ آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے کعبہ کے اندر کیا کیا ) انھوں نے بتایا کہ آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے اندر نماز پڑھی تھی ۔ میں نے پوچھا کس جگہ ؟ کہا کہ دونوں ستونوں کے درمیان ۔ عبداللہ بن عمر رضی اللہ عنہما نے فرمایا کہ یہ پوچھنا مجھے یاد نہ رہا کہ آپ نے کتنی رکعتیں پڑھی تھیں ۔ 
(Sahih al-Bukhari 468)

Keen observation is all about alertness, focus, and attention. It is a mind game.You have to be childlike who is curious enough to remember small details which others skip.Also, your mind should be active all the time.To attain this quality, it is important to pay attention to every single detail.

Abdullah R.A would observe and scrutinize closely every saying and action of the Prophet ﷺ in various situations and he would practice what he observed closely and with devotion. For example, if Abdullah saw the Prophetﷺ performing Salat in a particular place, he would later pray in the same place. If he saw the Prophet ﷺ making g a supplication while standing, he would also make a dua while standing. If he saw him making a dua while sitting, he would do the same. On a journey, if he saw the Prophet ﷺ descend from his camel at a particular place and pray two rakats, and he had occasion to pass on the same route, he would stop at the same place and pray two rakats.

Bearing hardship in order to follow the way of the Prophet ﷺ:

عن الطفيل بن أبي بن كعب: أنه كان يأتي عبد الله بن عمر، فيغدو معه إلى السوق، قال: فإذ ا غدونا إلى السوق لم يمرّ عبد الله بن عمر على سقّاط ولا صاحب بيعة، ولا مسكين، ولا أحدٍ غلا يسلم عليه قال الطفيل: فجئت عبد الله بن عمريوماً. فاستتبعني إلى السوق. فقلت: ما تصنع بالسوق؟وأنت لا تقف على لبيع ولا تسأل عن السلع، ولا تسوم بها، ولا تجلس في مجالس السوق، فاجلس بناها هنا نتحدث. فقاللي عبد الله: “يا أبابطن! ( وكان الطفيل ذابطن)- إنما نغدو من أجل السلام[نسلم] على منلقينا”.

(صحیح الادب المفرد: 774)

At-Tufail bin Ubayy bin Ka’b reported: he used to visit ‘Abdullah bin Omar in the morning and accompany him to the market. He says: when we went to the market, ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar offered greetings of peace to every one he met on the way, be they sellers of petty goods, traders or poor people. Tufail says: One day when I came to Ibn ‘Omar, he asked me to accompany him to the market. I said to him: “What is the point of your going to the market? when you do not stand on sale, nor ask about articles, nor offer a price for them, nor sit down in any gathering of market. So sit down here with us and we will talk.” So ‘Abdullah said to me: “O Abu Batn (belly)! (Tufail had a large belly), we go to the market to greet everyone we meet.

When you greet someone in Arabic you don’t say, have a nice day, you say “peace be with you,” which is the essence of this religion. Peace is not only something that we get, it is an ongoing objective…

[757/ عن بشير بن يسار قال: ما كان أحدٌ يبدأ أو يبدر ابن عمر بالسلام . [صحيح الأدب المفرد: 982

Bashir ibn Yasar said, “No one preceded or got ahead of Ibn Omar when giving the greeting.”

Thus, he was following the teachings of Prophet ﷺ and his actions clearly explain that how much he loved to spread love and brotherhood. So, Ibn Omar never missed his chances of gaining reward by reviving sunnah of Prophet ﷺ.

Noble character:

عن سالم بن عبد الله قال: ما سمعت عبد الله لاعناً أحداً قط، ليس إنساناً. وكان سالم يقول: قال عبد الله بن عمر: قال رسول الله ﷺ : لا ينبغي للمؤمن أن يكون لعاناً

[صحیح الادب المفرد: 235]

Narrated Salim ibn ‘Abdullah, he said, “I never heard ‘Abdullah ever curse anyone, not even humans.” Salim used to mention that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “It is not fitting for a believer to be a curser.”

Salim was his son. He was also a great scholar, a narrator, at the top compared to his other children. His son Salim testified to his father’s noble character. Here we learn some good aspects from children upbringing. As parents and guardians, we should set good examples for children, so that they may be acquainted with goodness from an early age and acquire good qualities and gentle characters. Children do what they see their elders doing.

Here we learn some aspects of children upbringing. As parents and guardians, we should set good examples for children, so that they may be acquainted with goodness from an early age and acquire good qualities and gentle characters. Children do what they see their elders doing. Secondly, it is also important to discipline them. When it comes to disciplining children, there is no quick fix and no magic bullet. Our own behavior does give our children the pattern for how we want them to end up.

[ عن نافع قال: ” كان ابن عمر يضرب ولده على اللحن”. [صحیح†الادب المفرد: 680

* Nafi’ said, “Ibn ‘Umar used to strike his son on a bad tune.”

Thus, it is expected that the children may commit unintentional mistakes, which should be corrected, rather than ignored. We consistently need to show them the right behavior. Similarly, it is important to help children learn to be organized and manage their time.

عن نافع”أن عبد الله بن عمر كان إذا وجد أحداً من أهله يلعب بالنرد ضربه، وكسرها”.

[صحیح الادب المفرد: 965]

Nafi’ narrated that if ‘Abdullah ibn Omar found any of his family playing with dice (backgammon/ cube), he would beat them and break the board.

It’s not like that he was a very harsh person, but he actually knew how to usefully utilize time and talents. We should not forget this rule for ourselves in order to be a good role model and more productive. If our kids see us following our own rules, then they will be more likely to follow.

Hard worker:

He never felt ashamed to work from his hands, it is a true example how hard working he was that he built his house without any help or labor.

عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ رَأَيْتُنِي مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَنَيْتُ بِيَدِي بَيْتًا يُكِنُّنِي مِنْ الْمَطَرِ
[ وَيُظِلُّنِي مِنْ الشَّمْسِ مَا أَعَانَنِي عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ مِنْ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ [صحیح البخاری: 6302

Narrated Ibn Omar: During the life-time of the Prophet ﷺ I built a house with my own hands so that it might protect me from the rain and shade me from the sun; and none of Allah’s creatures assisted me in building it.

His Asceticism:

Abdullah Ibn Umar RA was extremely ascetic regarding the life of this world; we have seen how he refused appointments as an administrator and a judge. And he was not happy with his wealth unless he gave it to charity.

[قال بن مسعود إن من أملك شباب قريش لنفسه عن الدنيا لعبد الله بن عمر [تهذيب التهذيب 

Ibn Masud said, “Of the youth of Quraysh Abdullah bin Omar disciplined his nafs the most”.

[قال جابر ما منا أحد أدرك الدنيا إلا مالت به ومال بها إلا بن عمر[تهذيب التهذيب

Jabir (r) said, “There was none of us who got some dunya except that the dunya made him incline towards it, and he made the dunya incline towards it, except Ibn Omar”.

On one occasion, the slave of Abdullah bin Omar R.A arrived from Iraq and he came to give salutations to him and he said: ‘I have brought you a gift. Abdullah Ibn Omar asked: ‘And what is it?’ He replied: ‘Jawarish.’ He asked: ‘And what is Jawarish?’ He said: ‘It helps the digestion of food’. Abdullah Ibn Umar RA said: ‘I have not filled my stomach with food for forty years, so what will I do with it?’

Intelligent and Respectful:

عن ابن عمر قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم “أخبروني بشجرة مَثَلُها مثَلُ المسلم، تؤتي أكلها كل حين بإذن ربها، لا تحُتُّ ورقها”فوقع في نفسي النخلة، فكرهت أن أتكلم، وثم أبو بكر وعمر رضي الله عنهما، فلما لم يتكلما.قالالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم “هي النخلة”. فلما خرجت مع أبي قلت: يا أبت! وقع في نفسي النخلة. قال: ما منعك أن تقولها؟لو كنت قلتها، كان أحب إلي من كذا وكذا. قال: ما منعني إلا لم أرك، ولا أبا بكر تكلمتُما، فكرهت.

[صحیح الادب المفرد: 276]

Ibn Omar said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, ‘Tell me which tree is like the Muslim? It gives fruits at all times by the permission of its Lord and its leaves do not fall.‘ (Ibn Omar says that) It occurred to me that it was the palm tree, but I did not want to speak as Abu Bakr and’Umar, رضی اللہ عنہما were present. When they both did not speak, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, ‘It is the palm tree.’ When I left with my father, I said, ‘O my Father, I thought that it was the palm tree.’ He asked, ‘What kept you from saying that? If you had said so, I would have preferred that to such-and-such.’ He said, ‘What kept me from doing so was that I did not see you or Abu Bakr speak, so I did not like to speak out.’”

 There were elders in the gathering so out of respect he remained quiet. Also, it shows that he was a patient listener and he knew when to speak. Similarly, he didn’t try to impress gathering by showing off his knowledge. It indicates his maturity in front of his seniors.

His Worship:

Consistent in the night prayer

He was once described as the “ brother of the night.” He would stay up at night performing Salat, weeping and seeking Allah’s forgiveness and reading Quran.

[ قَالَ سَالِمٌ فَكَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ لَا يَنَامُ مِنْ اللَّيْلِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا [صحیح البخاری: 3738

Salim said, “Abdullah used not to sleep at night but very little.”

Frequently performed Hajj Umrah and gave charity

Abdullah Ibn Omar R.A used to worship Allah SWT much and he was God-fearing; he would stand in prayer at night often and he would fast frequently and he performed Hajj many times and remembered Allah always.

ابن عمر –رضي الله عنهما-حج ستين حجة، واعتمر ما يقرب من ألف عمرة، فكان مولعاً بالبيت
وحَمل على ألف فرس في سبيل الله، يعني: يحمل الناس في سبيل الله للجهاد، وكان كثير الإنفاق
والصدقة

[ترجمة عبد الله بن عمر رضي لله عنه]

Abdullah b. Omar performed 60 Hajj, and performed more than 1000 Umrahs, and he dearly loved the House of Allah, and he mounted (people on) 1000 horses in the way of Allah. He would give much in charity.

Spent a lot in the way of Allah

He was kind and generous and would not refuse any petitioner and he would distribute charity as one who did not fear poverty, seeking thereby the reward which is with Allah, as he preferred the life of the Hereafter over the life of this world.

كان كثيراً ما يتقرب إلى الله بما يعجبه من ماله

Often he would be eager to draw close to Allah through the wealth that he loved.

 لما نزلت : لن تنالوا البر حتى تنفقوا مما تحبون أعتق جارية عنده كان يحبها لله تعالى

When this verse was revealed he gave away his slave woman whom he loved.

Ibn ‘Umar would not eat unless there were poor and needy persons sitting with him at his table who would eat with him.

عَنْ نَافِعٍ قَالَ كَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ لَا يَأْكُلُ حَتَّى يُؤْتَى بِمِسْكِينٍ يَأْكُلُ مَعَهُ فَأَدْخَلْتُ رَجُلًا يَأْكُلُ مَعَهُ فَأَكَلَ كَثِيرًا فَقَالَ يَا
نَافِعُ لَا تُدْخِلْ هَذَا عَلَيَّ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلميَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ يَأْكُلُ فِي مِعًى وَاحِدٍ وَالْكَافِرُ يَأْكُلُ فِي سَبْعَةِ أَمْعَاءٍ
[5393: صحیح البخاری:]

Narrated Nafi`: Ibn `Umar never used to take his meal unless a poor man was called to eat with him. One day I brought a poor man to eat with him, the man ate too much, whereupon Ibn `Umar said, “O Nafi`! Don’t let this man enter my house, for I heard the Prophet ﷺ saying, “A believer eats in one intestine (is satisfied with a little food), and a kafir (unbeliever) eats in seven intestines (eats much food).

This Hadith does not indicate that eating to one’s fill is something prohibited. Actually, it is not prohibited; rather, scholars stated that it is prohibited to eat more than one’s fill because it is a form of extravagance and causes harm in most cases.

His Love and Focus for Quran:

In the stillness of the nights, he would remember Allah SWT much, perform Salat and read the Quran and weep. Like his father, tears came readily to his eyes especially when he heard the warning in the verses of the Quran.

عَنْ نَافِعٍ قَالَ كَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا إِذَا قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمْ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنْهُ فَأَخَذْتُ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمًا فَقَرَ أَ
سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى مَكَانٍ قَالَ تَدْرِي فِيمَ أُنْزِلَتْ قُلْتُ لَا قَالَ أُنْزِلَتْ فِي كَذَا وَكَذَا ثُمَّ مَضَى

[صحیح البخاری : 4526]

Narrated Nafi`:Whenever Ibn `Umar رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا recited the Qur’an, he would not speak to anyone till he had finished his recitation. Once I held the Qur’an and he recited Surat-al- Baqara from his memory and then stopped at a certain ayah and said, “Do you know in what connection this ayah was revealed?” I said, “No.” He said, “It was revealed in such-and-such connection.” Ibn `Umar then resumed his recitation.

Ibn Al-Musayyab said: ‘If I were to testify that anyone was one of the people of Paradise, it would be Ibn Omar.’ And it was said to Nafi: ‘What did lbn Omar use to do in his house?’ He replied: ‘You cannot do it; he used to perform ablution for every prayer and read the Quran between the ablution and the prayer’.

Strict in teaching people:

عن عطاء بن أبي رباح؛ أن رجلاً كان يمدح رجلاً عند ابن عمر، فجعل ابن عمر يحثُ التراب نحو فيه، وقال:
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” إذا رأيتم المداحين، فاحثوا في وجوههم التراب”.

[صحیح الادب المفرد: 259]

‘Ata ibn Abi Rabah reported that a man was praising another man in the presence of Ibn Omar. Ibn Omar began to throw dust towards his mouth. And he said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, ‘When you see those who praise people, throw dust in their faces.’”

It is customary to compliment people you admire and want to befriend, but there are differences between a compliment meant to flatter and a compliment to express appreciation. The motives behind flattery can sometimes be selfish, while the motive for showing appreciation is gratitude.

To praise someone and to take it to an extreme and to describe him in a way that he is not worthy of. This is prohibited and it is lying and deception. For example mentioning a leader or minister or someone of this rank and extolling him and describing him with praiseworthy characteristics which he does not possess. This is not permissible and is harmful to the one being praised. That’s what Ibn Omar was pointing by his actions.

عن سعيد المقبري قال: مررت على ابن عمر ومعه رجل يتحدّث، فقمت إليهما، فلطم في صدري، فقال : “إذا
وجدت اثنين يتحدثان فلا تقم معهما، ولا تجلس معهما، حتى تستأذنهما “. فقلت: أصلحك الله يا أبا عبد
[ الرحمن! إنما رجوت أن أسمع منكما خيراً. [صحیح الادب المفرد: 893

Sa’id al-Maqburi said, “I passed by Ibn ‘Umar who had a man with him with whom he was conversing. I went and stood by them, and he struck me on the chest and said, ‘When you find two men conversing, do not go up to them nor sit with them until they give you permission.’ I said. O Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman! ‘May Allah make you prosper. I hoped that I would hear something good from you.’”

It’s against etiquettes to interrupt or try to hear someone’s private conversation. While the person who was passing by and stood by Ibn Omar, didn’t have bad intention. But since it was very rude, so he mentioned him to avoid whether how good one’s intentions are.

One who called himself to account:

عن زاذان أبي عمر، قال: كنا عند ابن عمر، فدعا بغلام له كان ضربه فكشف عن ظهره، فقال: أيوجعك؟ قال  لا. فأعتقه، ثم رفع عوداً من الأرض فقال: ما لي فيه من الأجر ما يزن هذا العود؟ فقلت: يا أبا عبد الرحمن ! لم تقول هذا؟ قال: سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول – أو قال – من ضرب مملوكه حداً لم يأته، أو لطم وجهه، ( وفي لفظ: ” من لطم عبده أو ضربه حداً لم يأته فكفارته أن يُعتقه”.

[ صحيح الأدب المفرد: 133]

Abu ‘Umar Zadhan said, “We were with Ibn Omar when he summoned a slave of his whom he had beaten and he uncovered his back. ‘Does it hurt?’ he asked. ‘No,’ he replied. Then he set him free. He picked up a stick from the ground and then said, ‘I do not have a reward (for him) worth as much as the weight of this stick.’ I asked, O ‘Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman! why do you say this?’ He said, ‘I heard the Prophet ﷺ, say,The expiation of someone who beats a slave more than he deserves or slaps his face is that he must set him free.”

Abdullah Ibn Omar was honest himself. His actions  reflect that when you hold yourself accountable to doing the things you know you should do, you will distinguish yourself from the crowd. In the same manner, if you want to advance your life personally or professionally, you must hold yourself accountable for your actions, responsibilities, and goals.

Martyrdom:

In the year of martyrdom, he was in Makkah during the days of Hajj and Abdul-Malik bin Marwan was the Umayyad Caliph at the time and he had sent Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf Ath-Thaqafi to lead the Hajj. The Hajj pilgrims were gathered around Abdullah Ibn Omar R.A, for in the hearts of the people, he has a high rank. And they had left Al-Hajjaj, although he was in charge of the Hajj.

مات بمكة في قصة مشهورة معروفة، فقد وقع له مع الحجاج شيء من المخاصمة، وكان الحجاج فيه صلف وعنت وظلم، فتكلم عليه الحجاج، فقال له ابن عمر: أنت سفيه، وتكلم عليه بنحو هذا، فأمر أحد جنوده فوضع له سماً في زج الرمح، فكان يطوف بجانبه ويزاحمه، ويفتعل الزحام معه حتى جرحه في رجله، فتسمم فمرض، وعاده الحجاج في بيته، فلم ينظر إليه، ولم يكلمه، ولم يرد عليه، ومات بعد أيام -رضي الله تعالى عنه وأرضاه- وقد عمّر كثيراً، وكان عمره ستا وثمانين سنة.

[ترجمة عبد الله بن عمر رضي لله عنه]

He passed away in Makkah. He had a disagreement with Hajjaaj ibn Yousuf and Hajjaaj had much hate, rebellion, and injustice in himself…. Hajjaj ordered his soldier (to kill Abdullah) so he applied poison on the tip of a spear, and followed him in Tawaf. He would bump into him during Tawaf, and eventually poked him with the spear in his foot. The poison entered his body and he fell severely ill…. after a few days he passed away.

He was buried in the graveyard of the Muhajirun in Fakh Dhi Tuwa may Allah SWT have mercy on him. He died in the year 73 AH, aged eighty-six years, may Allah have mercy on him.

Note: For ease of reading, we have not inserted “May Allah be pleased with him (R.A)” each time Abdullah Ibn Omar R.A name or the name of each Companion is mentioned, but please take it that the salutations apply to all of them, may Allah be pleased with them all.


* Nafi’ was Ibn Omar’s freed slave

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