CHAPTER 2: THIRD MATTER – EVIDENCE

In the proof of Third Matter (Alliance and the Disociation), Allah subhana’watalah address Prophet ﷺ that “You will not find” means, this will not happen and will never exist that one who is true believer of Allah and His messenger, will love the disbelievers, if he does love them, then he will not be a true believer. Two things can never exist at the same time. 

Ibn-ul Qayyim Rahimullah said in Al-Kaafiyat-ush-Shafiyaah:

Do you love the enemies of the beloved One and still claim, 

                                  That you love him? That is not possible.

And likewise you to strive hard to oppose those He loves,

                                  Where is the love O brother of Satan?

The Believers do not befriend the Disbelievers:

This Ayah explains that do not befriend the deniers, even if they are among the closest relatives. Allah said in Surah Al-Imran Ayah 28,

لاَّ يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَـفِرِينَ أَوْلِيَآءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَىْءٍ إِلاَ أَن تَتَّقُواْ مِنْهُمْ تُقَـةً وَيُحَذِّرْكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ

Let not the believers take the disbelievers as friends instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself. (3:28)

Sa`id bin `Abdul-`Aziz and others said that this Ayah

﴿لاَّ تَجِدُ قَوْماً يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاٌّخِرِ﴾

was revealed in the case of Abu `Ubaydah `Amir bin `Abdullah bin Al-Jarrah when he killed his disbelieving father, during the battle of Badr. This is why when `Umar bin Al-Khattab placed the matter of Khilafah in the consultation of six men after him, he said; “If Abu `Ubaydah were alive, I would have appointed him the Khalifah.” It was also said that the Ayah,

﴿وَلَوْ كَانُواْ ءَابَآءَهُمْ﴾

means “even though they were their fathers” , was revealed in the case of Abu `Ubaydah, when he killed his father during the battle of Badr, while the Ayah,

﴿أَوْ أَبْنَآءَهُمْ﴾

means “or their sons” was revealed in the case of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq when he intended to kill his (disbelieving) son, `Abdur-Rahman, (during Badr), while the Ayah,

﴿أَوْ إِخْوَنَهُمْ﴾

means “or their brothers” was revealed about the case of Mus`ab bin `Umayr, who killed his brother, `Ubayd bin `Umayr, during Badr, and that the Ayah,

﴿أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ﴾

means “or their kindred” was revealed about the case of `Umar, who killed one of his relatives during Badr, and also that this Ayah was revealed in the case of Hamzah, `Ali and Ubaydah bin Al-Harith. They killed their close relatives `Utbah, Shaybah and Al-Walid bin `Utbah that day. Allah knows best.

A similar matter is when Allah’s Messenger consulted with his Companions about what should be done with the captives of Badr. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq thought that they should accept ransom for them so the Muslims could use the money to strengthen themselves. He mentioned the fact that the captured were the cousins and the kindred, and that they might embrace Islam later on, by Allah’s help. `Umar said, “But I have a different opinion, O Allah’s Messenger! Let me kill so-and-so, my relative, and let `Ali kill `Aqil (`Ali’s brother), and so-and-so kill so-and-so. Let us make it known to Allah that we have no mercy in our hearts for the idolators.”

Allah said,

﴿أُوْلَـئِكَ كَتَبَ فِى قُلُوبِهِمُ الإِيمَـنَ وَأَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِّنْهُ﴾

means “For such He has written faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Ruh from Himself”, those who have the quality of not befriending those who oppose Allah and His Messenger , even if they are their fathers or brothers, are those whom Allah has decreed faith, meaning, happiness, in their hearts and made faith dear to their hearts and happiness reside therein.

As-Suddi said that the Ayah,

﴿كَتَبَ فِى قُلُوبِهِمُ الإِيمَـنَ﴾

means, “He has placed faith in their hearts”.

Ibn `Abbas said that,

﴿وَأَيَّدَهُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِّنْهُ﴾

(and strengthened them with Ruh from Himself) means, “He gave them strengths.”

Allah’s statement,

﴿وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ خَـلِدِينَ فِيهَا رَضِىَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ﴾

means “And He will admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein. Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him” was explained several times before. Allah’s statement,

﴿رِّضِىَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ﴾

(Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him) contains a beautiful secret. When the believers became enraged against their relatives and kindred in Allah’s cause, He compensated them by being pleased with them and making them pleased with Him from what He has granted them of eternal delight, ultimate victory and encompassing favor. Allah’s statement,

﴿أُوْلَـئِكَ حِزْبُ اللَّهِ أَلاَ إِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ﴾

means “They are the party of Allah. Verily, the party of Allah will be the successful”  indicates that they are the party of Allah, His servants who are worthy of earning His honor. Allah’s statement,

﴿أَلاَ إِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ﴾

(Verily, the party of Allah will be the successful) asserts their success, happiness and triumph in this life and the Hereafter, in contrast to those, who are the party of the devil,

﴿أَلاَ إِنَّ حِزْبَ الشَّيْطَـنِ هُمُ الخَـسِرُونَ﴾

“Verily, the party of Shaytan will be the losers ”  

( Surah Mujadila :19)

So this matter relates to having enemity towards the disbelievers and not having love and alliance for them. And it does not necessitate that we cut off with from disbelievers in social matters or matters of worldly benefits. It is also not permitted to oppress them, but treat them in kind way. If they incline towards peace, muslims should do same. But in case of religion, one should be very careful as  Prophet ﷺ said:

A man follows the religion of his friend; so each one should consider whom he makes his friend.”  

Abu Dawud (41:4815)

We ask Allah to make us steadfast in following His religion. ٓAmeen


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

The First Matter (Part -1) , Part-2

The Second Matter (Part -1)Part -2  – Negation of Shirk

Evidence on Second Matter

The Third Matter – Alliance and the Disociation

CHAPTER 2: THIRD MATTER – ALLIANCE AND DISSOCIATION

Chp3Full

The third matter “whoever obeys the Messenger and singles out Allah, then it is not permissible for him to love and ally himself with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they be those most closely related to him“. This is the matter of Al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ (Alliance and Dissociation), that means to have love and alliance for the beloved servants of Allah and dissociation from His enemies. The meanings of Al-Wala and Al-Muwaalat are same, that is “love in the heart, aiding, & assisting”. 

Muslims should restrict themselves to the beloved servants of Allah, who are obedient and aids each others. Allah s.w.t said in Quran, Surah Al-Imran Ayah 28:


ُلَّا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَن تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِير

Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Awliya’ (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself (ie. His Punishment), and to Allah is the final return.  (Surah Al-Imran: 28)

The Ayah (verse) was revealed concerning a group of believers who had Jewish friends. Those believers were giving Muwalat (support, help, etc.) to these Jews. Some of the Sahabah(r.a.a.) said to those believers: “Keep away from those Jews and beware of their friendship for they could seduce you away from your religion and guide you astray after you have believed“. However this group of believers disobeyed the advice and remained loyal to their Jewish friends; and so Allah s.w.t revealed “Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Awliya”.

The Believer can not be an ally of Allah’s enemies and it is impossible for a person to combine the love of Allah s.w.t and the love of his enemies because this is a combination of opposites.

The legal meaning of Al-Wala (love, support, help, follow, etc.) is to totally agree with the sayings, deeds and beliefs which please Allah and the persons whom He likes. Al-Bara(despise, desert, keep innocent of, etc.) is the complete opposite of Al-Wala’ and it is to disagree with everything that Allah hates and condemns. Hence, there are four issues related to the belief in Al-Wala’u wa Al-Bara, those being: the sayings, the deeds, the beliefs and the individual persons. Some of the things that pleases Allah (s.w.t.) are the saying of Dhikr, the deed of Jihad, the belief in His Oneness and the love of the believing person. Backbiting, fornication, Shirk and disbelief are some of the things that are hated by Allah s.w.t and must also be hated by the Believer. t is the most powerful tie or relationship that links between people. Allah s.w.t has given it the precedence and priority over all types of ties by Asserting:

قُلْ إِنْ كَانَ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ وَإِخْوَانُكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُكُمْ وَعَشِيرَتُكُمْ وَأَمْوَالٌ اقْتَرَفْتُمُوهَا وَتِجَارَةٌ تَخْشَوْنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَاكِنُ تَرْضَوْنَهَا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَجِهَادٍ فِي سَبِيلِهِ فَتَرَبَّصُوا حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَ اللَّهُ بِأَمْرِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ

Say, [O Muhammad], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.”  (Surah Tauba: 24)

So, if your close relative oppose Allah and His Messenger, then it is obligatory upon you to cut off from him, and whoever is an obedient servant to Allah, the Most High, and ally to his Messenger, then it is obligatory upon you to have alliance with him, even he be far removed from you in the lineage, whether he is non-arab, a white man or a red person. It is an integral part of Iman and is necessary for its perfection.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

al-Walaa` wal-Baraa` as Revealed in Surat aal-‘Imraan (1/2)

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

The First Matter (Part -1) , Part-2

The Second Matter (Part -1)Part -2  – Negation of Shirk

The Third Matter – Alliance and the Disociation

Evidence of Third Matter

CHAPTER 2: EVIDENCE ON SECOND MATTER

E-Chp2-2

For the 2nd matter that Allah is not pleased that anyone should be made a sharer in worship along with Him, neither any angel brought near, nor any Prophet sent as a messenger and evidence is given in Ayah 18 of Surah Al-Jin.

The Command to worship Allah Alone and shun Shirk:

Allah commands His servants to single Him out alone for worship and that none should be supplicated to along with Him, nor should any partners be associated with Him. As Qatadah said concerning Allah’s statement,

“Whenever the Jews and Christians used to enter their churches and synagogues, they would associate partners with Allah. Thus, Allah commanded His Prophet to tell them that they should single Him out alone for worship.”

The commentators generally have taken “masajid” to mean the places of worship. Accordingly, the ayah means: “None should he associated in the worship of Allah in the places of worship. Hadrat Hasan Basri says: The entire earth is a place of worship, and the ayah means to say: polytheism ought not to be committed anywhere on Allah’s earth,” He has reasoned out this meaning from the Holy Prophet’s Hadith

“For me the entire earth has been made a place of worship and a means of obtaining purity”

Hadrat Sa`id bin Jubair has interpreted masajid to imply the parts of the body on which one prostrates oneself, i.e. the hands, the knees, toes and forehead. According to this explanation, the verse means: These limbs have been made by Allah; no one should prostrate oneself on these before anyone other than Allah.

In other words, if a person asks other than Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) for something that only Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) is able to fulfill and believes that the one who he is asking from is the one who is the ultimate authority and is completely free in performing what he is asked to do, then this person would be considered as a polytheist.

Therefore, the word in this ayah ‘مع’ or the sentence  فلا تدعوا مع الله’ is in the meaning that, ‘we bear witness that we must not place anyone or anything along side with Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) that we consider to be the initial (and independent) source of having an affect on our lives.’


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi – Tafhim al-Qur’an – The Meaning of the Qur’an

Tafir Ibn Kathir

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

The First Matter (Part -1) , Part-2

The Second Matter (Part -1)Part -2  – Negation of Shirk
The Third Matter Alliance and Dissociation

CHAPTER 2: NEGATION OF SHIRK (PART 2)

Chp2-2(1)-2

In the first part, we learnt that how much Allah subhana watalah disliked that one associate others in His worship and how it nullified their deeds. Now in this part we will study that it similarly displeases Allah, the Majestic and High, if any angel or Prophet is drawn closer to His worship.

Sheikh rahimullah’s saying “….neither any angel brought near nor any Messenger  sent” : the angel brought near – this is the most excellent one from the angels that is Jibreel alaihis’salaam, and the bearer of the Throne. Similarly, the Messenger sent – such as Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, and Esa, Nooh and Ibraheem alaihis’salaam, those who were firmest in resolve. He is not pleased that anyone should be associated with Him, even if it be one of the most excellent of angels or mankind.

So how about the other people who are His righteous servants but their status is less in excellence then Prophets and angels. This is the refutation of those people who claim that they take the righteous people and beloved servants of Allah as intercessors with Allah, in order to draw them close to Him, just as the people of days of ignorance used to say:

الا لله الدين الخالص والذين اتخذوا من دونه اولياء ما نعبدهم الا ليقربونا الى الله زلفى 

Unquestionably, for Allah is the pure religion. And those who take protectors besides Him [say], “We only worship them that they may bring us nearer to Allah in position.”

دیکھو خالص عبادت خدا ہی کے لئے (زیبا ہے) اور جن لوگوں نے اس کے سوا اور دوست بنائے ہیں۔ (وہ کہتے ہیں کہ) ہم ان کو اس لئے پوجتے ہیں کہ ہم کو خدا کا مقرب بنادیں۔ 

Otherwise they believe that those whom they took, they donot create, and they do not give provision and they do not posses power over death nor life nor day of resurrection. Rather, their intention was to take them as the intermediaries with Allah, the Mighty and therefore, they directed some worship towards them to draw them closer, so they made sacrifices and vows for the graves, they supplicated for the aid and called upon the dead.

The shirk of some people nowadays goes even further than the shirk of people in the past, because they direct some acts of worship to something other than Allah, calling upon them and asking them for help even at times of distress. We ask Allah to keep us safe and sound.

When people visit the grave of someone in order to ask him, or his spirit, to recommend to Allah to grant us wishes, do they think that the dead person recognizes them, or hears them, or knows the likely results of granting their wishes? If we answer in the affirmative, then we are claiming that the dead person is given something superior to what living people have. Otherwise, on what basis would he recommend to Allah to grant us our wishes?

Furthermore, what need is there for such recommendation? Is it needed by Allah or by ourselves? Do not people realize that Allah knows everything about them? If they do their supplications to Him directly and earnestly, believing that He alone can grant their wishes then what use is the recommendation of the dead people. Can anyone claim that Allah needs such a recommendation in order to decide whom He should help?

To entertain such a thought even for the briefest of moments is a great affront to Allah. Allah tells us in Qur’an:

“….Pray to me and I will answer your prayers….” (Al-Ghafir 40:60)

When we pray to Allah to do something for us, we are actually declaring that He is our Lord and the Lord of all worlds. This declaration, when meant seriously and honestly, is sufficient to get our prayers answered. Indeed, Allah answers the prayers of those who do not believe in Him, if they turn to him in sincerity. This is because of the fact that at the moment when they pray to Him, they make a declaration of recognition of his Lordship. This being the case, what use is an intermediary?

From another point of view, those pious people are dead. Let us not forget the authentic Hadith which tell us :

“When a human being dies, all his actions come to an absolute end except in one of three ways: a continuous act of charity, a useful contribution to knowledge or a dutiful child who prays for him. “

If you examine this Hadith carefully, you realize that we are in a position to benefit the dead by praying for them, while they are in no position to benefit us. There is no question about it. When a person visits a tomb of a dead person and asks the deceased to intercede with Allah on his behalf, he is guilty of associating partners with Allah. He is making that dead person a deity, on a junior or senior level. That cannot be countenanced in any way. That is direct opposition to the teachings of the Prophet who has taught us to worship Allah alone and to purge our thoughts, concepts and practices of all traces of polytheism.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Intercession through Prophets and Auliyas

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

The Second Matter (Part -1)  – Negation of Shirk

CHAPTER 2: SECOND MATTER – NEGATION OF SHIRK (PART 1)

Chp2-2(1)

This matter is connected with the first matter that is explained earlier about obligation of worshipping of Allah and following the path of Prophet ﷺ. So whoever worships Allah subhana watalah, and also associate anyone else along with Him, then his worship will be futile or null. Because worship can only benefit when it is done with ikhlas and tawheed. As Allah, the Most High said:

ولقد اوحي اليك والى الذين من قبلك لئن اشركت ليحبطن عملك ولتكونن من الخاسرين

And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah , your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.”

اور (اے محمدﷺ) تمہاری طرف اور ان (پیغمبروں) کی طرف جو تم سے پہلے ہوچکے ہیں یہی وحی بھیجی گئی ہے۔ کہ اگر تم نے شرک کیا تو تمہارے عمل برباد ہوجائیں گے اور تم زیاں کاروں میں ہوجاؤ گے

 (Surah Zumur: 65 )

If shirk is mixed with the worship, then it will corrupts the whole ibadah. Just like the salah (prayer) is not salah without purification. In many ayaat of Quran, Allah subhana watalah commanded to worship Him alone and not associate anyone along with Him.

 لا اله الا انا فاعبدون

There is no deity except Me, so worship Me – میرے سوا کوئی معبود نہیں تو میری ہی عبادت کرو

(Surah Al-Anbiya:25)

 So whoever worship Allah and obey the messenger, then he may not associate anything in worship with Him, because this is the most evil thing, which displease Him. Those who perform salah, and witness the Prophethood of Muhammad ﷺ, but on other hand, if they supplicate at tombs and call for relief from the dead, then they should know that their worship is nullified and void. They have to abandon the worship of everything else besides Him. It is a serious matter to draw attention towards it, as the act of shirk displease Allah subhana watalah, which is destroying all the good deeds of one.

None should say: ” i take the beloved servants of Allah, the righteous people as intercessors. I do not worship idols and images, as they used to do in the time of ignorance”.  Remember that the Arab Pagans, despite their ignorance and arrogance, completely understood the meaning of Ibaadah (worship). They believed that intercession is a form of worship, and did not deny that calling upon pious people amounted to worshiping them. They would call their idols, ‘Aaliha (plural of Ilah meaning, One, who is worshiped). This is in sharp contrast of the belief of the grave-worshipers of today, who make the engraved as intercessors with Allah, and yet do not consider it to be Shirk!!


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

The Islamic concept of Tawheed

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

CHAPTER 2: EVIDENCE ON FIRST MATTER

Evidence on the Matter that “Allaah created us and provided sustenance for us, and He did not leave us without a purpose rather He sent Messengers to us. So whoever obeys him will enter Paradise, and whoever rejects and disobeys him will enter the Fire, is the Saying of the Most High:
“We sent a Messenger to you, o people, as a witness in favor of you or against you on the Day of Resurrection, just as We sent a Messenger to the Pharaoh. But the Pharaoh denied and rejected
the Messenger, so We seized him with a severe punishment.”
[Soorat al Muzzammil: 15-16]
Let’s look at the details of these ayah.
إِنَّآ أَرْسَلْنَآ إِلَيْكُمْ رَسُولاً شَـهِداً عَلَيْكُمْ
Inna (We)” refers to Allah, this is a pronoun of one declaring his own greatness, because He is the most tremendous, the Perfect and the Most High.
“We sent”, likewise is showing the greatness and the meaning of  “arsalna” is We sent him and sent  revelation to him.
The word “alaiykum” addresses the disbelievers of the Quraysh, and along with them the rest of mankind because the “risalah” (messengership) of Messenger ﷺ is universal for all mankind until the Hour is established.
كَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَآ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ رَسُولاً – فَعَصَى فِرْعَوْنُ الرَّسُولَ فَأَخَذْنَـهُ أَخْذاً وَبِيلاً

 Your Messenger is like the Messenger to Fir`awn, and You know what happened to Fir`awn. He disobeyed the Messenger; so We seized him with a severe punishment. The wisdom in the sending of the messengers – to establish the proof upon the people, who refuse, deny and disbelieve and to guide whomever Allah wished to guide.

أَخْذاً وَبِيلاً

severe punishment” Ibn Abbas, said that this means `you should beware of denying this Messenger, lest you be afflicted by that which befell Fir`awn. Allah seized him with the seizing of One Mighty and Powerful.

This is as Allah says,

فَأَخَذَهُ اللَّهُ نَكَالَ الاٌّخِرَةِ وَالاٍّوْلَى

So Allah seized him with punishment for his last and first transgression. (79:25)

Therefore, you will be even more deserving of destruction and ruin if you deny your Messenger, because your Messenger is more noble and a greater than Prophet Musa, the son of `Imran.’ This has been reported from Ibn `Abbas and Mujahid.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

TAFSIR IBN-KATHIR

Explanation of Usool Ath Thalatha by Shaykh Uthaymeen

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

CHAPTER 2: OBEDIENCE TO THE MESSENGER SALLALLAAHU `ALAIHI WA SALLAM (Part – 2)

introduction2-2

So Allah sent the messengers to the creation in order for the proof to be established upon them, and that they should worship Allah in a manner that He loves andis pleased with, as Allah, the Blessed and Most High, says:

“We sent Revelation to you, O Muhammad, just as We sent Revelation to Noah and the Prophets after him; and We sent Revelation to Ibraaheem, Ismaa’eel, Ishaaq, Ya’qoob, the sons of Ya’qoob, ‘Eesaa, Yoonus, Haaroon and Sulaymaan; and We gave the Zaboor to Daawood. And We sent Revelation to messengers about whom We have related to you previously, and to messengers about whom We have not related to you; and Allah spoke directly to Moosaa, messengers as bearers of good tidings and warners, so that the people should have no excuse before Allah after the sending of the messengers. And Allah is always the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”

[Soorah an-Nisaa (4): 163-165]

Sheikh Rahimullah’s saying “Rather He sent a Messenger to us”: he is Muhammad sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam, the seal, the last one of the Prophets. He sent him to make clear to us that why we were created and how we are to worship to Allah, the Most High, and forbid from sins and shirk (disbelief). This was his sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam duty and he clearly conveyed the message and fulfilled the trust that was given to him. He clearly mentioned that one who will deviate from the actual path, will be destroyed.

introduction2-3

His saying “Whoever obeys him”  meaning in that which he sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam commands, then person can enter paradise. And his saying “Whoever disobeys him”  meaning in that which he sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam forbades, then person will enter the fire.

This is something for which there is a great deal of confirmation in the Quran. Allah, the Almighty has said:

من يطع الرسول فقد اطاع الله 

“He who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah” ( Surah An-Nisa: 80)

The Ayaat (verses) in this regard are many.

“And whoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger has achieved the greatest success.”

[Soorah al-Ahzaab (33):71]

This fact is also proven by the saying of the Messenger:

“All of my Ummah will enter Paradise except those who refuse” So it was said: “And who would refuse, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise and whoever disobeys me will enter the Fire.”    

[Reported by Al-Bukharee (Eng. transl. 9/284/no.384)]

And whoever rejects and disobeys him will enter the Fire, is proven by the saying of  Allah, the Most High

“And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses the limits which He has laid down, then Allah will enter him into the Fire in which he will remain forever and receive a humiliating punishment.” [Soorah an-Nisaa (4): 14] 

“And whoever disobeys Allaah and His Messenger has indeed strayed into clear error.”

[Soorah al-Ahzaab (33):36]

“And whoever disobeys and rejects Allah and His Messenger, then he will burn in the Fire of Hell, remaining in it for eternity.”  [Soorah al-Jinn (72):23]

“We sent a Messenger to you, O people, as a witness in favour of you or against you on the Day of Resurrection, just as We sent a Messenger to the Pharaoh. But the Pharaoh denied and rejected the Messenger, so We seized him with a severe punishment. ” [Soorah al-Muzzammil (73): 16]

So whoever obeys him will enter paradise, and whoever disobeys him will enter the Hell-fire, and this is the distinguishing factor between the true believer and disbeliever.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction

Chapter 2: The Second Treatise

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That is obligatory upon every muslim male and female Muslim to learn these three matters and to act upon them

 Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan haafidhahullaah explained it as:

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Here are three main parts of this 2nd chapter:

1-  Belief that Allah created us and gave us provision and did not leave us without purpose,

            –  Obedience to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alaihi wa sallam

2-  Allah is not pleased that anyone else should be associated in worship with Him

3- Disassociation from the people who are enemies of Allah and His Messenger sallAllaahu `alaihi wa sallam

In next sections, we will study each part in further detail insha’Allah.

 


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

 

CHAPTER 2: BELIEF THAT ALLAH HAS CREATED US, PROVIDED SUSTENANCE & DIDN’T LEAVE US NEGLECTED (PART 1)

Chp2

Allah has created us:

In the first matter, that “Allah has created us” : meaning, He produced us from non-existence, so before we were created we were nothing, just as He, the Most High said:

chap2-1 In Surah Maryam and Surah At-Toor it is more explained as:

ch2-2

Allah has provided us Sustenance:

He has given us provision“, provisions includes food, drink, children, clothing, habitations, transport, and all other requirements to live in this world.  He knew our needs, so therefore He made subservient for us, whatever is in the heavens and the earth all of it for our welfare, in order for us to remain alive and in order that we fulfill our purpose of creation i.e. the worship of Allah subhana watala.

Allah did not leave us without Purpose:

 Al-Haml means, something which is neglected and abandoned, which no one cares about. So Allah has created us and gave us provision for wise purpose, He didn’t create us in vain and nor without any purpose.

chp2-3

The faculties given us are for great purpose, that we should worship Him, He didn’t created us like cattle, that they live, eat, give birth to its off-springs and pass away, because they are not duty-bound, they were not commanded and they were not forbidden. Allah subhana watallah said in Quran,

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And He did not create us for the life of this world, that we live in it, roam around freely and make merry and eat, drink and make ourselves at home in it, and that there is nothing after it. Rather life is a planting-ground and a market place for the next life so that we should equip ourselves in it with righteous deeds. Then, we will be resurrected, we will be taken account of it, and finally we will be recompensed in accordance with our deeds.

This is the purpose behind the creation of the jinn and mankind. And the proof for that is many ayahs which prove Al-Ba’ath (the raising to life after death), an-Nushoor (the resurrection) , al-Jazaa (the recompensing) and al-Hisaab ( the reckoning).

Conclusion:

So, this world is the an abode of action but as for the hereafter then it is an abode of recompense, either paradise or the fire and he did not leave us without purpose, as is thought by the atheists and those who think that death is the end of us.

Screen Shot 2015-09-12 at 3.27.41 PM

This is not possible and this will never be the case.


Related Links:

Introduction to Author – Imam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahab

Al-Usool Ath-Thalatha

SOURCES:

ittibaa.com

Audio in Urdu: Dr. Farhat Hashmi – Al-Usul al-Thalathah

Arabic Text: Download Book-Al-Usul Al-Thalaathah

1ST CHAPTER OF BOOK:

PART 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FIRST OBLIGATORY MATTER TO LEARN

PART 2- INTRODUCTION TO NEXT THREE OBLIGATORY MATTERS TO LEARN

2ND CHAPTER OF BOOK:

Introduction