WHO IS THE DOMINION OF EVERYTHING?

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ولله ملك السماوات والارض والى الله المصير

And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the return.

اور آسمان اور زمین کی بادشاہی اللہ کے لئے ہے۔ اور اللہ ہی کی طرف لوٹ کر جانا ہے

(Surah Nur: 42)

Allah tells us that whosoever is in the heavens and on the earth, i.e., the angels, mankind, Jinn, animals and even lifeless objects like stones,mountains, all belongs Him. He is the Ruler, the Controller of all, the Lord Who is worshipped and besides Whom none other is to be worshipped, and there is none to put back His judgement.

What is Al-Mulk and Who is Al-Malik?

The word “مُلك ” is a nominative noun, which generally marks the subject of a verb, the word is translated as dominion, and the proper noun before this word is اللہ. So Allah is the owner of everything. One of the attribute of Allah subhanawa’talah is Al-Malik which means “being Powerful” and having something in one’s sole possession. Malik, Maalik, Mulk and Maleek all come from the root maa-laa-kaa, which points to three main meanings. The first main meaning is to have possession and ownership. The second is to have power and ability and the third main meaning is to control and have authority. Allah, the Almighty and the Majestic said in Quran,

ولله ملك السماوات والارض والله على كل شيء قدير

And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is over all things competent

اور آسمانوں اور زمین کی بادشاہی اللہ ہی کو ہے اور اللہ ہر چیز پر قادر ہے

(Surah Al-e-Imran: 189)

The Quran states in many Surah’s that Allah is the only sovereign of universe and whatever lies in it, is in His possession. Whole kingdom entirely belongs to Him, He doesn’t share His rule with anyone and doesn’t require anyone to have any associate in it. It shows the Power of the Almighty, anything lies in it, is His creation. He who gives life and death. In Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah subhana’watalah said:

 له ما في السماوات وما في الارض 

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth 

جو کچھ آسمانوں میں اور جو کچھ زمین میں ہیں سب اسی کا ہے

(Surah Al-Baqarah: 255)

So, it’s simple to understand that if He is the Master and the Creator, then why anyone need to go to others to fulfill his needs. It also defines one’s belief, because this has the lesson of Tawheed in it. Also, we need to stay within the set limits of Al-Malik to gain the eternal benefits.

What is in the Skies and Earth? 

The word “sama” which means “sky” is mentioned hundreds of times in the Quran in its singular and plural forms; In ayaat, the number of the skies is mentioned as “seven”; in two of those verses it s stated that the seven skies are in the form of “layers”. It is stated as in Quran:

الذي خلق سبع سماوات 

[And] who created seven heavens in layers.

اس نے سات آسمان اوپر تلے بنائے

(Surah Mulk: 3)

 The Creation outside the Heavens and outside the Earth, mentioned several times, is a priori difficult to imagine.

الله الذي خلق سبع سماوات ومن الارض مثلهن يتنزل الامر بينهن لتعلموا ان الله على كل شيء قدير وان الله قد احاط بكل شيء علما ۔

It is Allah who has created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that Allah is over all things competent and that Allah has encompassed all things in knowledge.

خدا ہی تو ہے جس نے سات آسمان پیدا کئے اور ایسی ہی زمینیں۔ ان میں (خدا کے) حکم اُترتے

رہتے ہیں تاکہ تم لوگ جان لو کہ خدا چیز پر قادر ہے۔ اور یہ کہ خدا اپنے علم سے ہر چیز پر احاطہ کئے ہوئے ہے۔ 

(Surah At-Talaq: 12)

 Another Observation which may surprise the reader of the Quran is the fact that ayaat refers to three groups of things created, such that:
  • things in the Heavens 
  • things on the Earth
  • things between the Earth and Heaven

Who am I and Whom I belong?

A question arise in the mind of reader, if i don’t own anything and in reality nothing belongs to me, then who am i? and why i am created? To whom i belong? The answer is given in the second part of this ayah:

والى الله المصير 

and to Allah is the return. 

اور اللہ ہی کی طرف لوٹ کر جانا ہے

The word المصیر means “return” or “destination”, it is also a nominative noun and its root word is Suad, Ya, Ra. This part of ayat means, to Him everything will ultimately return, and He is swift in bringing to account. In Surah Maryam, it is said:

ان كل من في السماوات والارض الا اتي الرحمن عبدا 

There is no one in the heavens and earth but that he comes to the Most Merciful as a servant. 

تمام شخص جو آسمانوں اور زمین میں ہیں سب خدا کے روبرو بندے ہو کر آئیں گے 

(Surah Al-Maryam: 93)

Every single person will return and present to Him, as a slave. Some will be pleased to be presented before Allah as His slaves, because that is how they spent their lives. But others did not want to be slaves in this world, but they will be on the Day of Judgment. He will reward or punish everyone according to his deeds: if they are good, then the end will be good, and if they are bad, then the end will be bad. That shows duty of creation is to follow the rules of Master to gain success. But how? Allah subhana’watalah told us in Surah Al-Baqarah ayah 21:

يا ايها الناس اعبدوا ربكم الذي خلقكم والذين من قبلكم لعلكم تتقون

 O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous

 لوگو! اپنے پروردگار کی عبات کرو جس نے تم کو اور تم سے پہلے لوگوں کو پیدا کیا تاکہ تم (اس کے عذاب سے) بچو

Hence 2 points are cleared from this above ayah, that everything is created for His worship so do humans, because He created us, it is His right on us that we obediently follow our Master. Also, we are His servants, because a servant need to work in the set boundaries. And our Lord want us to be obedient and live our lives in full compliance of Quran and Sunnah of Prophet ﷺ.We have given freewill to choose right or wrong, but a submissive slave is the one who never transgressed limits, as he aims to attain the pleasure of his Master.


Written by Admin

Related Sources:

Quran Tafsir Ibn Kathir

IslamQuest

Tafsir Lecture by Dr. Farhat Hashmi

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FROM NICHE TO RIBCAGE – AYAH OF RADIANCE

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Ayat ul Nur is in the middle of all the social laws in the surah because unless the eeman is there , these laws do not mean anything. People will not value them. Let’s break down the ayah for clear understanding:

1- Allahu nooru alssamawati waal-ardi

﴿اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ﴾

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.

اللہ آسمانوں اور زمین کا نور ہے۔

It means by His Light the heavens and earth are illuminated. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “When the Messenger of Allah got up to pray at night, he would say:

“O Allah, to You be praise, You are the Sustainer of heaven and earth and whoever is in them. To You be praise, You are the Light of the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them”.

This means that Allah is the means by which the heavens and the earth can be seen for what they really are. Light is the means by which you can see. Without Allah, you will still see the skies and the earth but not what they actually are.
Without light, you can’t see things for what they truly are. That is the bottom line of this ayah. When you have the faith of Allah in your heart, then you can understand the universe and the things around you for what it really is.

  اللہ تعالٰی زمین و آسمان کو روشن کرنے والا ہے۔ جو بھی ہم دیکھتے ہیں، وہ اللہ کی طرف سے دی گئی رہنمائی ہوتی ہے۔ وہ خالق ، مالک و ھادی ہے۔  نور بمعنی منور روشن کرنے والا، اللہ کا حجاب نور ہے۔ نور کو دو اِقسام میں میں تقسیم کریں، بمعنی مخلوق اور بمعنی غیر مخلوق۔  نور بمعنی غیر مخلوق اللہ سبحانہ وتعالٰی کی ذات ہے۔ جبکہ نوربمعنی مخلوق دو طرح کا ہے، حسی اور معنوی۔ 

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2. Mathalu Noorihi Kamishkatin feeha Misbahun:

﴿مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ﴾

The parable (example) of His Light is as a niche

 اس کے نور کی مثال ایسی ہے کہ گویا ایک طاق ہے

There are two views concerning the meaning of the pronoun (His). The first is that it refers to Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, meaning that the parable of His guidance in the heart of the believer is as a niche. This was the view of Ibn `Abbas.

The second view is that the pronoun refers to the believer, which is indicated by the context of the words and implies that the parable of the light in the heart of the believer is as a niche. So the heart of the believer and what he is naturally inclined to of guidance and what he learns of the Qur’an which is in accordance with his natural inclinations.

فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ

and within it a lamp.

جس میں چراغ ہے۔

The example is made a distant close hence the it is described as something like a niche because the light of Allah can not be fathomed, Allah gives us an distant example to help us understand something of it. This is just to give us an idea, what humans can handle.
Now let us talk about this niche,In old homes, they used to have an Indent on the wall shaped like an arch, this was the place where they would put a lamp. It was shaped like that so that the light would hit it and reflect to the entire room
Misbah comes from subr which means morning. It literally means a tool to make it seem like morning. Ubayy bin Ka`b said, “The lamp is the light, and this refers to the Qur’an and the faith that is in his heart.” 

اللہ کے نور کی مثال اِیسی ہے جیسے فرض کروطاق میں اِیک چراغ رکھا ہو۔ یعنی  یہ مثال اُس مومن کی ہے جسکے دِل میں اللہ نے اِیمان اور قران کس نورِ ہدایت رکھا ہو۔ پہلے اللہ نے اپنے نور کا ذِکر فرمایا پھر قلبِ مومن کے نور کا ذکر فرمایا۔ حاصل اِس مثال کا یہ ہے کہ مومن کا سینہ اِیک طاق کی مانند ہے، اُسمیں اُسکا دِل اِیک قندیل کی طرح ہے۔

3. ٓAlmisbahu fee Zujajatin alzzujajatu kaannaha Kawkabun durriyyun:

الْمِصْبَاحُ فِى زُجَاجَةٍ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّىٌّ

the lamp is in a glass, the glass as if it were a pearly (white) star

اور چراغ ایک قندیل میں ہے۔  اور قندیل (ایسی صاف شفاف ہے کہ) گویا موتی کا سا چمکتا ہوا تارہ ہے

It means light is shining in a clear glass. Ubayy bin Ka`b and others said, “This is the likeness of the heart of the believer.”  The reflection of a glass that is so sparkling and clean that it has a star-like effect to it when you look at it. The twinkle effect of a glass. Hmm! So the lamp itself, flameless, is almost lighting up on its own. It’s pearly white, clean, pure.

قندیل کا شیشہ روشنی بڑھانے کیلئے بھی ہوتا ہے اور شیشہ ہوا کو بھی چراغ کی لُو بُجھانے سے روکتا ہے۔ سورج چاند کی مثال نہیں دی گئی بلکہ کہا گیا کہ یہ روشن چمکدار ستارہ ہے، کیونکہ سورج چاند کو تو گرھن لگ جاتا ہے۔ یہ سِتارہ اندھیرے دور کرتا ہے۔ حاصل اِس مثال کا یہ ہے کہ مومن کا سینہ اِیک طاق کی مانند ہے، اُسمیں اُسکا دِل اِیک  قندیل کی طرح ہے۔ دِل اگر روشن ہو تو اِنسان یِس دُنیا میں اپنی حیثیت پہچان سکتا ہے۔

4. Yooqadu min Shajaratin Mubarakatin Zaytoonatin:

يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ 

lit from (oil of) a blessed Olive tree

اِس میں ایک مبارک درخت کا تیل جلایا جاتا ہے (یعنی) زیتون

The lamp is lit from the oil of a blessed tree that is Olive. One of the things which facilitate brightening is the quality of oil that comes from best tree.

مبارک کا مطلب الخیرُالکثیر الثابت ۔ یعنی زیتون نہایت فائدہ مند درخت ہے، جسکے پھل سے بھی تیل نکلتا ہے اور درخت سے بھی۔

5. la Sharqiyyatin wala Gharbiyyatin:

لاَّ شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلاَ غَرْبِيَّةٍ

neither of the east nor of the west

کہ نہ مشرق کی طرف ہے نہ مغرب کی طرف۔

It means, Olive tree is not in the eastern part of the land so that it does not get any sun in the first part of the day, nor is it in the western part of the land so that it is shaded from the sun before sunset, but it is in a central position where it gets sun from the beginning of the day until the end, so its oil is good and pure and shining. This is the best kind of oil. When the sun rises it reaches the tree from the east and when it sets it reaches it from the west, so the sun reaches it morning and evening, so it is not counted as being in the east or in the west.

زیتون کا درخت نہ مشرقی رُخ پر ہے اور نہ مغرِبی رُخ پر۔ بلکہ اِیسے کُھلے میدان میں ہے جہاں تمام دِن دھوپ رہتی ہے۔ اہسے درخت کا روغن (تیل) بہت لطیف اور صاف ہوتا ہے۔

6. Yakadu Zaytuha Yudee-o walaw lam tamsas-hu Narun:

يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِىءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ

whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it

ایسا معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ) اس کا تیل خواہ آگ اسے نہ بھی چھوئے جلنے کو تیار ہے) 

Ever seen gasoline light up??, Allah describes the oil as one that runs after the flame, highly flammable kind of Oil. Fire has not touched it yet and it is still about to light up. Even if you didn’t put the light in, it has a shine itself, then the light comes and it lights up immediately. It doesn’t take it anytime. It also means the oil itself is shining.

 زیتون کا تیل خود بھی روشن اور چمکدار ہے، آگ  کےچھونےسے مزید روشنی ہو جاتی ہے اور اگر آگ نہ چھوئے تو بھی ایسا معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ خود بخود سُلگ اُٹھے گا۔

7. Noorun AAala Noorin:

نُّورٌ عَلَى نُورٍ

Light upon Light

نور پر نور ہے

Light of the fire and the light of the oil: when they are combined they give light, and neither of them can give light without the other.

۔جب تیل کو آگ نے چھو لیا تو نور ہی نور ہو گیا یعنی اِیک تو اِسمیں خود قابلیت نور کی پھر اُوپر سے فاعل یعنی آگ کیساتھ اِجتماع ہو گیا تو اِسقدر تیز روشنی ہو گی جیسے بہت سی روشنیاں جمع ہو گئی ہوں، اِسکو نورٌ عَلَى نُورٍ فرمایا۔

8-  yahdee Allahu linoorihi man yashao:

يَهْدِى اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَآءُ

Allah guides to His Light whom He wills.

اللہ نور سے جس کو چاہتا ہے سیدھی راہ دکھاتا ہے۔

It means, Allah shows the way to the ones whom He chooses, as it says in the Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Amr, who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say:

“Allah created His creation in darkness, then on the same day He sent His Light upon them. Whoever was touched by His Light on that day will be guided and whoever was missed will be led astray. Hence I say: the pens have dried in accordance with the knowledge of Allah, may He be glorified.”

اللہ تعالٰی نے ہر فطرتِ اِنسانی میں ہدایت رکگی ہے، جسکی جتنی طلب اُسکو اُتنی سمجھ اِلہام کر دی جاتی ہے۔

9- wayadribu Allahu alamthala lilnnasi waAllahu bikulli shayin AAaleemun:

وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الاٌّمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلَيِمٌ

And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.

اور اللہ  نے (جو مثالیں) بیان فرماتا ہے (تو) لوگوں کے (سمجھانے کے) لئے اور اللہ ہر چیز سے واقف ہے

Having mentioned this parable of the Light of His guidance in the heart of the believer, Allah ends this Ayah with the above words and He knows best who deserves to be guided and who deserves to be led astray. May Allah swt keep us in the people of guidance who remain under His mercy and love always ameen Ya Rabul alameen.

مثال  یعنی معقول کو محسوس سے سمجھنا۔ جو نظر نہ آے اُسکو مثال سے سمجھانا۔ اللہ سبحانہ و تعالٰی نے قرآن میں بہت سی مثالین بیان کی ہیں۔ اِس سے لوگوں کی ہدایت مقصود ہے اور اللہ ہر شے کو خوب جاننے والا ہے۔

The explanation of example would come in the next post Insha’Allah.


English Urdu Compilation by Admin

Related Sources:

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Maarif Ul Quran By Mufti Muhammad Shafi Rahimullah

Tafseer Lectures By Dr. Farhat Hashmi

Islam for Muslims – Nairaland

 

HOW TO GAIN KHUSHOO IN SALAH

Salah is the key to our success in this world and the next:

If we do not look after this key or lose it, we’ll not be able to unlock the doors that lead to the good in this life and the next – it’s as simple as that. Poor quality of salah is like not reaping full benefits of a powerful life management tool given to us by the Creator of Life Himself! Undoubtedly, when our salah is in good condition, we’ll notice that all the other life affairs also naturally fall into their right places with ease, InshaAllah. Times of ease become more joyful and times of difficulties become easy, or at the very least become bearable.

“It is the believers who are successful: those who are humble in their prayer” 

[SURAH AL-MU’MINOON 23, 1-2]

Khushu:

It refers to the submissiveness, gentleness, humility, yearning, and quietude (out of love as well as fear) within the heart due to the consciousness of Allah’s Greatness and Grandeur. It is also the awareness of one’s own weaknesses, absence of haughtiness, arrogance and superiority from the heart. When the heart is full of khushu, the limbs also become subservient in humility to Allah subḥānahu wa ta'āla (glorified and exalted be He). We may believe that when our minds are distracted, the concentration and humility in salah decreases. However, the truth is that it is actually the heart that causes khushu to increase or decrease. The Prophet ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said,

“Of surety there is a morsel of flesh in the body, if it is sound, the whole body will be sound, but if it is corrupt, the whole body will be corrupt. It is the heart.” [Muslim].

A famous speaker portrayed a very powerful and beautiful definition of khushoo. He said khushoo is a feeling when your limbs and mind become numb, when you can’t think or hear about anything else around you because you are standing in front of the King, the Master and speaking to Him. He referred to this numbness as something similar to what students would go through if they were summoned in front of the Principal’s office: the fear in their hearts and the numbness that engulfs their mind for a split second.

Some Practical Tips:

  1. Avoiding major and minor sins helps to increase Khushoo and faith.
  2. Eat Halal and avoid what is Haram and unclear.
  3. Make sure that your clothes are clean and you are in state of wadu.
  4. Read Salah on time ‘Awal waqt’
  5. Read new surah and of course memorize more portions of Quran.
  6. Focus on meanings.
  7. Read in a place  where no distractions, make a corner in your room or closet.
  8. For women: Make a salah dress, a long ‘chadar or abaya ‘ so that you get the feeling also no worry to fix it again 7 again.
  9. Remind yourself continually that you are talking to the most important ‘One’ in your life – your Creator and Sustainer. He is in front of you. You are facing Him and you are involved in a dialogue with Him.
  10. Putting little ‘itr’ on place of sajdah helps too.
  11. Fix your gaze on place of sajdah.
  12. Try to make Ruku & sajdah long (read more duas in them). The Prophet said ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him): “A servant is nearest to his Lord when he is in sajda, so increase your supplication when in sajda.” (Muslim.)
  13. Pray as if this is my last salah or remember day of qiyamah or my qabar.
  14. Try to pray some prayers once a week or more in Masjid, it also helps. (for women)
  15. Also make lots of dua that Allah subhana’watalah may increase our Khushoo ameen.

Dua of knowledge copy


Lecture “Namaz mai khushoo kaisai” by Ustazah Farhat Hashmi

Sources:

Some excerpts are taken from Productive Muslim

Tips are written by: Sr. Uzma Hussain

Compiled by: Admin